This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: February-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


1229 - [[Sixth Crusade]] -Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.

1268 - [[Livonian Order]] -is defeated by Daumantas of Pskov|Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Wesenberg (1268)|Battle of Rakvere.

1332 - [[Amda Seyon I]] -Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.

1478 - [[George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence|George, Duke of Clarence]] -convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is execution (legal)|executed in private at the Tower of London.

1637 - [[Eighty Years' War]] -Off the coast of Cornwall, England, a Spanish Empire|Spanish fleet Battle off Lizard Point|intercepts an important Kingdom of England|Anglo-Dutch Republic|Dutch merchant convoy of 44 vessels escorted by 6 warships, destroying or capturing 20 of them.

1745 - [[Surakarta]] -Central Java is founded on the banks of Solo River|Bengawan Solo River, and becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.

1766 - [[Malagasy people|Malagasy]] -begins at sea on the slave ship ''Meermin slave mutiny|''Meermin'''', leading to the ship's destruction on Cape Agulhas in present-day South Africa and the recapture of the instigators.

1781 - [[Fourth Anglo-Dutch War]] -Captain Thomas Shirley (Royal Navy officer)|Thomas Shirley Shirley's Gold Coast expedition|opens his expedition against Dutch Gold Coast|Dutch colonial outposts on the Gold Coast of Africa (present-day Ghana).

1791 - [[admission to the Union|admitting]] -the state of Vermont to the Union, effective 4 March 1791, after that state had existed for 14 years as a de-facto independent largely unrecognized state.

1797 - [[French Revolutionary Wars]] -Sir Ralph Abercromby and a fleet of 18 Kingdom of Great Britain|British warships Invasion of Trinidad (1797)|invade Trinidad.

1814 - [[Napoleonic Wars]] -The Battle of Montereau.

1861 - [[Montgomery, Alabama]] -Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.

1861 - [[Italian unification]] -almost complete, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy|Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.

1865 - [[American Civil War]] -Union Army|Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the Columbia, South Carolina in the American Civil War|burning of Columbia.

1873 - [[Bulgaria]] -revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman authorities.

1878 - [[John Tunstall]] -is murdered by outlaw Jesse Evans (outlaw)|Jesse Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

1885 - [[Adventures of Huckleberry Finn]] -' by Mark Twain is published in the United States.

1900 - [[Second Boer War]] -Imperial forces suffer their worst single-day loss of life on Bloody Sunday (1900)|Bloody Sunday, the first day of the Battle of Paardeberg.

1906 - [[Édouard de Laveleye]] -forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.

1911 - [[air mail]] -takes place from Allahabad, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh|United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about {{Convert|10|km|mi}} away.

1913 - [[Pedro Lascuráin]] -becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes; this is the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country.

1930 - [[January]] -Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.

1930 - [[Elm Farm Ollie]] -becomes the first cattle|cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.

1932 - [[Empire of Japan]] -declares Manzhouguo (the obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China (1912–49)|Republic of China.

1938 - [[Nanking Massacre]] -the Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed "Nanking International Rescue Committee" and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart.

1942 - [[World War II]] -The Imperial Japanese Army begins the Sook Ching massacre|systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore.

1943 - [[Nazism|Nazis]] -arrest the members of the White Rose movement.

1943 - [[Joseph Goebbels]] -delivers his Sportpalast speech|''Sportpalast'' speech.

1946 - [[Royal Indian Navy mutiny]] -in Mumbai|Bombay harbour, from where the action spreads throughout the Presidencies and provinces of British India|Provinces of British India, involving 78 ships, twenty shore establishments and 20,000 sailors

1947 - [[First Indochina War]] -The French Battle of Hanoi|gain complete control of Hanoi after forcing the Viet Minh to withdraw to mountains.

1954 - [[Church of Scientology]] -is established in Los Angeles.

1955 - [[Operation Teapot]] -Teapot test shot "Wasp" is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of Effects of nuclear explosions#Summary of the effects|1.2 kilotons. Wasp is the first of fourteen shots in the Teapot series.

1957 - [[Kenya]] -rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is executed by the British colonial government.

1957 - [[Walter James Bolton]] -becomes the last person Capital punishment in New Zealand|legally executed in New Zealand.

1965 - [[The Gambia]] -becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

1969 - [[Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708]] -crashes into Mount Whitney killing all on board.

1970 - [[Chicago Seven]] -are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

1972 - [[California Supreme Court]] -in the case of ''People v. Anderson'', (6 Cal.3d 628) invalidates the state's Capital punishment|death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life imprisonment.

1977 - [[Space Shuttle Enterprise|Space Shuttle ''Enterprise'']] -test vehicle is carried on its maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747.

1978 - [[Ironman Triathlon]] -competition takes place on the island of Oahu and is won by Gordon Haller.

1979 - [[Sahara Desert]] -in southern Algeria for the only time in recorded history.

1983 - [[Wah Mee massacre]] -in Seattle. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.

1991 - [[Provisional Irish Republican Army|IRA]] -explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station (London)|Victoria station in London.

2001 - [[Federal Bureau of Investigation|FBI]] -agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He is ultimately convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment.

2001 - [[NASCAR]] -Sprint Cup Series champion Dale Earnhardt Death of Dale Earnhardt|dies in an accident during the Daytona 500.

2001 - [[Sampit conflict|Inter-ethnic violence]] -between Dayak people|Dayaks and Madura Island|Madurese breaks out in Sampit, Indonesia, that will ultimately result in more than 500 deaths and 100,000 Madurese displaced from their homes.

2003 - [[Daegu subway fire]] -in South Korea.

2004 - [[Nishapur]] -in Iran when a runaway freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertilizer Nishapur train disaster|catches fire and explodes.

2007 - [[2007 Samjhauta Express bombings|explode]] -on the Samjhauta Express in Panipat, Haryana, India, killing 68 people.

2013 - [[Brussels Airport diamond heist|steal]] -a haul of diamonds worth $50 million during a raid at Brussels Airport in Belgium.

2014 - [[February 2014 Euromaidan riots|clashes]] -between riot police and demonstrators in Kiev, Ukraine.

Famous Birthdays


1372 - [[Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani]] -Egyptian jurist and scholar (d. 1448)

1404 - [[Leon Battista Alberti]] -Italian painter and philosopher (d. 1472)

1486 - [[Chaitanya Mahaprabhu]] -Indian monk and saint (d. 1534)

1516 - [[Mary I of England]] -(d. 1558)

1530 - [[Uesugi Kenshin]] -Japanese daimyo (d. 1578)

1543 - [[Charles III, Duke of Lorraine]] -(d. 1608)

1559 - [[Isaac Casaubon]] -Swiss philologist and scholar (d. 1614)

1602 - [[Per Brahe the Younger]] -Swedish soldier and politician, Governor-General of Finland (d. 1680)

1609 - [[Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon]] -English historian and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1674)

1632 - [[Giovanni Battista Vitali]] -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1692)

1635 - [[Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna]] -Swedish politician (d. 1680)

1642 - [[Marie Champmeslé]] -French actress (d. 1698)

1658 - [[Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre]] -French philosopher and author (d. 1743)

1677 - [[Jacques Cassini]] -French astronomer and academic (d. 1756)

1732 - [[Johann Christian Kittel]] -German organist and composer (d. 1809)

1745 - [[Alessandro Volta]] -Italian physicist, invented the Battery (electricity)|battery (d. 1827)

1814 - [[Samuel Fenton Cary]] -American lawyer and politician (d. 1900)

1817 - [[Lewis Armistead]] -American general (d. 1863)

1818 - [[Perucho Figueredo]] -Cuban poet and activist (d. 1870)

1836 - [[Ramakrishna]] -Indian mystic and guru (d. 1886)

1838 - [[Ernst Mach]] -Austrian physicist and philosopher (d. 1916)

1846 - [[Wilson Barrett]] -English actor, playwright, and manager (d. 1904)

1848 - [[Louis Comfort Tiffany]] -American stained glass artist (d. 1933)

1849 - [[Alexander Kielland]] -Norwegian author, playwright, and politician (d. 1906)

1850 - [[George Henschel]] -German-English singer-songwriter, pianist, and conductor (d. 1934)

1855 - [[Jean Jules Jusserand]] -French historian, author, and diplomat (d. 1932)

1858 - [[Wilhelm Schmidt (engineer)|Wilhelm Schmidt]] -German engineer (d. 1924)

1862 - [[Charles M. Schwab]] -American businessman, co-founded Bethlehem Steel (d. 1939)

1870 - [[William Laurel Harris]] -American painter and author (d. 1924)

1871 - [[Harry Brearley]] -English metallurgist (d. 1948)

1877 - [[Arthur Corbett (public servant)|Arthur Corbett]] -Australian public servant (d. 1970)

1883 - [[Nikos Kazantzakis]] -Greek philosopher and author (d. 1957)

1885 - [[Henri Laurens]] -French sculptor and illustrator (d. 1954)

1890 - [[Edward Arnold (actor)|Edward Arnold]] -American actor and singer (d. 1956)

1890 - [[Adolphe Menjou]] -American actor and singer (d. 1963)

1892 - [[Wendell Willkie]] -American captain, lawyer, and politician (d. 1944)

1897 - [[Charles Kuentz]] -German-French soldier (d. 2005)

1898 - [[Enzo Ferrari]] -Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari (d. 1988)

1898 - [[Luis Muñoz Marín]] -Puerto Rican poet and politician, 1st Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (d. 1980)

1899 - [[Arthur Bryant]] -English historian and journalist (d. 1985)

1901 - [[Reginald Sheffield]] -English-American actor (d. 1957)

1902 - [[Walter Herbert (conductor)|Walter Herbert]] -German-American conductor (d. 1975)

1903 - [[Nikolai Podgorny]] -Ukrainian engineer and politician (d. 1983)

1905 - [[Queenie Leonard]] -English-American actress and singer (d. 2002)

1906 - [[Hans Asperger]] -Austrian pediatrician and academic (d. 1980)

1907 - [[Oscar Brodney]] -American lawyer and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1909 - [[Tuppy Owen-Smith]] -South African-English cricketer and rugby player (d. 1990)

1909 - [[Wallace Stegner]] -American historian and author (d. 1993)

1911 - [[Jānis Vītols]] -Latvian cyclist (d. 1993)

1914 - [[Pee Wee King]] -American singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2000)

1915 - [[Phyllis Calvert]] -English actress (d. 2002)

1916 - [[Jean Drapeau]] -Canadian lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of Montreal (d. 1999)

1917 - [[José Curbelo]] -Cuban-American pianist and manager (d. 2012)

1917 - [[Dona Massin]] -Canadian actress and choreographer (d. 2001)

1919 - [[Jack Palance]] -American actor (d. 2006)

1920 - [[Bill Cullen]] -American game show host and actor (d. 1990)

1921 - [[Oscar Feltsman]] -Ukrainian-Russian pianist and composer (d. 2013)

1922 - [[Eric Gairy]] -Grenadan politician, 1st Prime Minister of Grenada (d. 1997)

1922 - [[Helen Gurley Brown]] -American journalist and author (d. 2012)

1922 - [[Allan Melvin]] -American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1922 - [[Juhan Smuul]] -Estonian author (d. 1971)

1922 - [[Joe Tipton]] -American baseball player and soldier (d. 1994)

1922 - [[Connie Wisniewski]] -American baseball player (d. 1995)

1924 - [[Humberto Fernández Morán]] -Venezuelan scientist and academic (d. 1999)

1924 - [[Nicola Rizzuto]] -Italian-Canadian mob boss (d. 2010)

1924 - [[Sam Rolfe]] -American screenwriter and producer (d. 1993)

1925 - [[Jack Gilbert]] -American poet and educator (d. 2012)

1925 - [[George Kennedy]] -American actor

1926 - [[A. R. Ammons]] -American poet and academic (d. 2001)

1926 - [[Wallace Berman]] -American painter and illustrator (d. 1976)

1926 - [[Nalini Jaywant]] -Indian actress (d. 2010)

1927 - [[Luis Arroyo]] -Puerto Rican baseball player and scout

1927 - [[Peter Fryer]] -English journalist and author (d. 2006)

1927 - [[John Warner]] -American captain, lawyer, and politician, 61st United States Secretary of the Navy

1928 - [[Tom Johnson (ice hockey)|Tom Johnson]] -Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)

1929 - [[Len Deighton]] -English historian and author

1929 - [[André Mathieu]] -Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1968)

1931 - [[Johnny Hart]] -American cartoonist, co-created ''The Wizard of Id'' (d. 2007)

1931 - [[Toni Morrison]] -American author and academic, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1932 - [[Miloš Forman]] -Czech-American director and screenwriter

1933 - [[Yoko Ono]] -Japanese-American singer-songwriter (Plastic Ono Band)

1933 - [[Bobby Robson]] -English footballer and manager (d. 2009)

1934 - [[Audre Lorde]] -American poet and activist (d. 1992)

1934 - [[Paco Rabanne]] -Spanish-French fashion designer

1936 - [[Jean M. Auel]] -American author

1936 - [[Dick Duff]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1936 - [[Ab McDonald]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1937 - [[Ulvi Voog]] -Estonian freestyle swimmer

1938 - [[Barry Knight (cricketer)|Barry Knight]] -English cricketer and coach

1938 - [[Manny Mota]] -Dominican baseball player, coach, and sportscaster

1938 - [[Sadanoyama Shinmatsu]] -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 50th Yokozuna

1938 - [[István Szabó]] -Hungarian director and screenwriter

1939 - [[Claude Ake]] -Nigerian political scientist and academic (d. 1996)

1939 - [[Marek Janowski]] -Polish-German conductor

1939 - [[Dal Maxvill]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager

1940 - [[Fabrizio De André]] -Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)

1941 - [[Mati Nuude]] -Estonian weightlifter and singer (d. 2001)

1941 - [[Herman Santiago]] -Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter (The Teenagers)

1941 - [[Irma Thomas]] -American singer-songwriter

1943 - [[Graeme Garden]] -Scottish comedian, actor, and author

1944 - [[Pat Bowlen]] -American businessman

1945 - [[Judy Rankin]] -American golfer and sportscaster

1946 - [[Michael Buerk]] -English journalist

1946 - [[Jean-Claude Dreyfus]] -French actor

1947 - [[José María Cañizares]] -Spanish golfer

1947 - [[Dennis DeYoung]] -American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (Styx (band)|Styx)

1947 - [[Eliot Engel]] -American educator and politician

1947 - [[Carlos Lopes]] -Portuguese runner

1948 - [[Sinéad Cusack]] -Irish-English actress

1949 - [[Gary Ridgway]] -American serial killer

1950 - [[Michel Gauthier]] -Canadian journalist and politician

1950 - [[John Hughes (filmmaker)|John Hughes]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1950 - [[Cybill Shepherd]] -American actress and singer

1951 - [[Isabel Preysler]] -Filipino-Spanish journalist

1952 - [[Randy Crawford]] -American singer

1952 - [[Maurice Lucas]] -American basketball player and coach (d. 2010)

1952 - [[Juice Newton]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1952 - [[Martin J. Taylor]] -English mathematician and academic

1952 - [[Bernard Valcourt]] -Canadian lawyer and politician

1953 - [[Robbie Bachman]] -Canadian drummer (Brave Belt and Bachman–Turner Overdrive)

1953 - [[Derek Pellicci]] -Australian drummer (Little River Band and Mississippi (band)|Mississippi)

1954 - [[Charlie Fowler]] -American mountaineer, author, and photographer (d. 2006)

1954 - [[John Travolta]] -American actor, singer, and producer

1955 - [[Peter Luff]] -English politician

1955 - [[Raymond Rougeau]] -Canadian wrestler and sportscaster

1955 - [[Miles Tredinnick]] -English singer-songwriter and playwright (London (punk band)|London)

1956 - [[Ted Gärdestad]] -Swedish singer-songwriter (d. 1997)

1956 - [[Bidzina Ivanishvili]] -Georgian businessman and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Georgia

1956 - [[Paul Reed Smith]] -American businessman, founded PRS Guitars

1957 - [[Marita Koch]] -German sprinter

1957 - [[George Pelecanos]] -American author, screenwriter, and producer

1957 - [[Vanna White]] -American actress and game show host

1958 - [[Gar Samuelson]] -American drummer (Megadeth) (d. 1999)

1959 - [[Jayne Atkinson]] -English actress

1959 - [[Bryan Brandenburg]] -French-American game designer and author

1959 - [[Ken Freedman]] -American radio host

1959 - [[Hallgrímur Helgason]] -Icelandic painter and author

1959 - [[Christian Koeberl]] -Austrian geologist and academic

1959 - [[James Metzger]] -American businessman and philanthropist

1960 - [[Tony Anselmo]] -American animator and voice actor

1960 - [[Andy Moog]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1960 - [[Greta Scacchi]] -Italian-Australian actress

1961 - [[Hironobu Kageyama]] -Japanese singer (Lazy (band)|Lazy and JAM Project)

1961 - [[Douglas Rushkoff]] -American theorist and author

1963 - [[Rob Andrew]] -English rugby player and cricketer

1964 - [[Matt Dillon]] -American actor and director

1965 - [[Dr. Dre]] -American rapper, producer, and actor (World Class Wreckin' Cru and N.W.A)

1965 - [[Gregory Scott Johnson]] -American murderer (d. 2005)

1966 - [[Phillip DeFreitas]] -Dominican-English cricketer

1966 - [[Guy Ferland]] -American director and producer

1967 - [[Roberto Baggio]] -Italian footballer

1967 - [[Colin Jackson]] -Welsh sprinter and hurdler

1967 - [[Yongyoot Thongkongtoon]] -Thai director, producer, and screenwriter

1967 - [[John Valentin]] -American baseball player and coach

1968 - [[Molly Ringwald]] -American actress, singer, and dancer

1969 - [[Tomaž Humar]] -Slovenian mountaineer (d. 2009)

1969 - [[Alexander Mogilny]] -Russian ice hockey player

1972 - [[Fabian Picardo]] -Gibraltarian politician and barrister, 7th Chief Minister of Gibraltar

1973 - [[Shawn Estes]] -American baseball player and sportscaster

1973 - [[Claude Makélélé]] -French footballer and manager

1974 - [[Carrie Ann Baade]] -American painter and academic

1974 - [[Jamey Carroll]] -American baseball player

1974 - [[Radek Černý]] -Czech footballer

1974 - [[Ruby Dhalla]] -Canadian chiropractor and politician

1974 - [[Julia Butterfly Hill]] -American environmentalist and author

1974 - [[Yevgeny Kafelnikov]] -Russian tennis player

1974 - [[Jillian Michaels (personal trainer)|Jillian Michaels]] -American fitness trainer and author

1975 - [[Keith Gillespie]] -Irish footballer

1975 - [[Simon Kvamm]] -Danish singer, keyboard player, and actor (Nephew (band)|Nephew)

1975 - [[Charly Manson]] -Mexican wrestler

1975 - [[Gary Neville]] -English footballer and coach

1976 - [[Leilani Munter]] -American race car driver

1976 - [[Chanda Rubin]] -American tennis player

1976 - [[Bernadette Sembrano]] -Filipino journalist

1977 - [[Kátia]] -Brazilian footballer

1977 - [[Ike Barinholtz]] -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1977 - [[Sean Watkins]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Nickel Creek, Fiction Family and Works Progress Administration (musical group)|Works Progress Administration)

1977 - [[Chrissie Wellington]] -English triathlete

1978 - [[Oliver Pocher]] -German comedian and actor

1978 - [[Josip Šimunić]] -Croatian footballer

1980 - [[Aivar Anniste]] -Estonian footballer

1980 - [[Nik Antropov]] -Kazakhstani-Canadian ice hockey player

1980 - [[Regina Spektor]] -Russian-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer

1981 - [[Kim Jaewon]] -South Korean actor

1981 - [[Andrei Kirilenko]] -Russian basketball player

1981 - [[Alex Ríos]] -American baseball player

1981 - [[Ivan Sproule]] -Irish footballer

1981 - [[Larry Sweeney]] -American wrestler and manager (d. 2011)

1982 - [[Courtney Act]] -Australian drag queen performer and singer

1982 - [[Kaspars Cipruss]] -Latvian basketball player

1982 - [[Juelz Santana]] -American rapper and actor (Skull Gang and The Diplomats)

1982 - [[Christian Tiffert]] -German footballer

1983 - [[Troy Bienemann]] -American football player

1983 - [[Joel Huiqui]] -Mexican footballer

1983 - [[Jermaine Jenas]] -English footballer

1983 - [[Jason Maxiell]] -American basketball player

1984 - [[Idriss Carlos Kameni]] -Cameroonian footballer

1984 - [[Ricardo Salampessy]] -Indonesian footballer

1985 - [[Anton Ferdinand]] -English footballer

1985 - [[Chelsea Hobbs]] -Canadian actress

1985 - [[Todd Lasance]] -Australian actor

1985 - [[Lee Boyd Malvo]] -Jamaican-American murderer

1985 - [[Jos van Emden]] -Dutch cyclist

1986 - [[Crystallia]] -Greek singer

1986 - [[Vika Jigulina]] -Moldavian-Romanian DJ, singer, and producer

1986 - [[T.J. Mack]] -American wrestler

1986 - [[Marc Torrejón]] -Spanish footballer

1987 - [[Vicente Guaita]] -Spanish footballer

1988 - [[Changmin]] -South Korean singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (TVXQ and SM the Ballad)

1988 - [[Maiara Walsh]] -American actress

1989 - [[Bruno Leonardo Vicente]] -Brazilian footballer

1990 - [[Didi Gregorius]] -Dutch baseball player

1990 - [[Cody Hodgson]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1990 - [[Park Shin-hye]] -South Korean actress and singer

1990 - [[Kang So-ra]] -South Korean actress and singer

1991 - [[Malese Jow]] -American actress and singer

1991 - [[Marek Kaljumäe]] -Estonian footballer

1991 - [[Sebastian Neumann]] -German footballer

1991 - [[Henry Surtees]] -English race car driver (d. 2009)

1992 - [[Logan Miller]] -American actor

1993 - [[Unbridled's Song]] -American race horse (d. 2013)

1994 - [[Ulrik Munther]] -Swedish singer-songwriter

History of Deaths


814 - [[Angilbert]] -Frankish monk and diplomat (b. 760)

901 - [[Thābit ibn Qurra]] -Iraqi physician, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 826)

999 - [[Pope Gregory V]] -(b. 972)

1139 - [[Yaropolk II of Kiev]] -(b. 1082)

1218 - [[Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen]] -(b. 1160)

1294 - [[Kublai Khan]] -Mongolian emperor (b. 1215)

1379 - [[Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg]] -(b. 1318)

1405 - [[Timur]] -Mongol ruler (b. 1336)

1455 - [[Fra Angelico]] -Italian priest and painter (b. 1395)

1478 - [[George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence]] -(b. 1449)

1535 - [[Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa]] -German magician, astrologer, and theologian (b. 1486)

1546 - [[Martin Luther]] -German priest and theologian, leader of the Protestant Reformation (b. 1483)

1564 - [[Michelangelo]] -Italian sculptor and painter (b. 1475)

1654 - [[Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac]] -French author (b. 1594)

1683 - [[Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem]] -Dutch painter (b. 1620)

1712 - [[Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy]] -(b. 1682)

1718 - [[Peter Anthony Motteux]] -French-English author and playwright (b. 1663)

1743 - [[Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici]] -French wife of Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1667)

1748 - [[Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun]] -Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)

1772 - [[Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff]] -Danish politician (b. 1712)

1778 - [[Joseph Marie Terray]] -French economist and politician, Controller-General of Finances (b. 1715)

1780 - [[Kristijonas Donelaitis]] -Lithuanian pastor and poet (b. 1714)

1788 - [[John Whitehurst]] -English geologist and clockmaker (b. 1713)

1803 - [[Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim]] -German poet and educator (b. 1719)

1842 - [[Thomas Hazlehurst (businessman)|Thomas Hazlehurst]] -English businessman, founded Hazlehurst & Sons (b. 1779)

1851 - [[Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi]] -German mathematician and academic (b. 1804)

1873 - [[Vasil Levski]] -Bulgarian activist, founded the Internal Revolutionary Organization (b. 1837)

1889 - [[Jerónimo Espejo]] -Argentinian general (b. 1801)

1893 - [[Serranus Clinton Hastings]] -American lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Justice of California (b. 1814)

1895 - [[Carl Abs]] -German wrestler (b. 1851)

1895 - [[Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen]] -(b. 1817)

1900 - [[Clinton L. Merriam]] -American banker and politician (b. 1824)

1902 - [[Charles Lewis Tiffany]] -American businessman, founded Tiffany & Co. (b. 1812)

1906 - [[John Batterson Stetson]] -American businessman, founded the John B. Stetson Company (b. 1830)

1910 - [[Lucy Stanton (abolitionist)|Lucy Stanton]] -American activist (b. 1831)

1911 - [[Billy Murdoch]] -Australian cricketer (b. 1854)

1923 - [[Alois Rašín]] -Czech economist and politician (b. 1867)

1931 - [[Milan Šufflay]] -Croatian historian, author, and politician (b. 1879)

1933 - [[James J. Corbett]] -American boxer and actor (b. 1866)

1938 - [[David King Udall]] -American politician (b. 1851)

1942 - [[Albert Payson Terhune]] -American journalist and author (b. 1872)

1945 - [[Ivan Chernyakhovsky]] -Russian general (b. 1906)

1956 - [[Gustave Charpentier]] -French composer (b. 1860)

1957 - [[Dedan Kimathi]] -Kenyan rebel leader (b. 1920)

1957 - [[Henry Norris Russell]] -American astronomer, astrophysicist, and academic (b. 1877)

1964 - [[Joseph-Armand Bombardier]] -Canadian inventor and businessman, founded Bombardier Inc. (b. 1907)

1966 - [[Robert Rossen]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1908)

1967 - [[Dragiša Cvetković]] -Serbian politician, 17th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1893)

1967 - [[J. Robert Oppenheimer]] -American physicist and academic (b. 1904)

1973 - [[Frank Costello]] -Italian-American mob boss (b. 1891)

1976 - [[Wallace Berman]] -American painter and illustrator (b. 1926)

1977 - [[Andy Devine]] -American actor and singer (b. 1905)

1978 - [[Maggie McNamara]] -American actress (b. 1928)

1981 - [[Jack Northrop]] -American engineer and businessman, founded the Northrop Corporation (b. 1895)

1982 - [[Ngaio Marsh]] -New Zealand author (b. 1895)

1989 - [[Mildred Burke]] -American wrestler and trainer (b. 1915)

1990 - [[Richard de Zoysa]] -Sri Lankan journalist (b. 1958)

1993 - [[Jacqueline Hill]] -English actress (b. 1929)

1993 - [[Kerry Von Erich]] -American wrestler (b. 1960)

1995 - [[Eddie Gilbert (wrestler)|Eddie Gilbert]] -American wrestler and booker (b. 1961)

1995 - [[Bob Stinson]] -American guitarist (The Replacements (band)|The Replacements and Static Taxi) (b. 1959)

1997 - [[Emily Hahn]] -American journalist and author (b. 1905)

2001 - [[Balthus]] -Polish-Swiss painter and illustrator (b. 1908)

2001 - [[Dale Earnhardt]] -American race car driver (b. 1951)

2001 - [[Eddie Mathews]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1931)

2003 - [[Isser Harel]] -Belarusian-Israeli intelligence officer (b. 1912)

2006 - [[Richard Bright (actor)|Richard Bright]] -American actor (b. 1937)

2006 - [[Bill Cowsill]] -American singer and guitarist (The Cowsills) (b. 1948)

2008 - [[Mihaela Mitrache]] -Romanian actress (b. 1955)

2008 - [[Alain Robbe-Grillet]] -French author and director (b. 1922)

2009 - [[Tayeb Salih]] -Sudanese journalist and author (b. 1929)

2009 - [[Miika Tenkula]] -Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Sentenced (band)|Sentenced) (b. 1974)

2010 - [[John Babcock]] -Canadian soldier (b. 1900)

2011 - [[Victor Martinez (author)|Victor Martinez]] -American poet and author (b. 1954)

2012 - [[Roald Aas]] -Norwegian speed skater and cyclist (b. 1928)

2012 - [[George Brizan]] -Grenadian politician, 9th Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1942)

2012 - [[Elizabeth Connell]] -South African-English soprano (b. 1946)

2012 - [[Cal Murphy]] -Canadian football player, coach, and manager (b. 1932)

2013 - [[Jerry Buss]] -American chemist and businessman (b. 1933)

2013 - [[Elspet Gray]] -Scottish actress (b. 1929)

2013 - [[Damon Harris]] -American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1950)

2014 - [[Viscera (wrestler)|Viscera]] -American wrestler and actor (b. 1971)

2014 - [[Mavis Gallant]] -Canadian-French author and playwright (b. 1922)

2014 - [[Kristof Goddaert]] -Belgian cyclist (b. 1986)

2014 - [[Nikhil Baran Sengupta]] -Indian art director and production designer (b. 1943)

2014 - [[Maria Franziska von Trapp]] -Austrian-American singer (b. 1914)

2015 - [[Cass Ballenger]] -American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)

2015 - [[Claude Criquielion]] -Belgian cyclist (b. 1957)

2015 - [[Jerome Kersey]] -American basketball player and coach (b. 1962)

2015 - [[D. Ramanaidu]] -Indian actor, director, and producer, founded Suresh Productions (b. 1936)

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