This Day in History
Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
303 - [[Roman emperor]] -Diocletian orders the destruction of the Christian church in Nicomedia, beginning eight years of Diocletianic Persecution.
532 - [[Byzantine emperor]] -Justinian I orders the building of a new Eastern Orthodox Church|Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople
1455 - [[Gutenberg Bible]] -the first Western culture|Western book printed with movable type.
1554 - [[Mapuche]] -forces, under the leadership of Lautaro, score a victory over the Spanish Empire|Spanish at the Battle of Marihueñu in Chile.
1739 - [[York Castle]] -by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin.
1778 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben|Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
1820 - [[Cato Street Conspiracy]] -A plot to murder all the British cabinet ministers is exposed.
1821 - [[Alexander Ypsilantis]] -starts the Greek War of Independence in Iași, Wallachia (now part of Romania).
1836 - [[Texas Revolution]] -The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
1847 - [[Mexican–American War]] -Battle of Buena Vista
1854 - [[Orange Free State]] -is declared.
1861 - [[Abraham Lincoln]] -arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged Baltimore Plot|assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
1870 - [[Reconstruction Era]] -Post-American Civil War|U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union (American Civil War)|Union.
1883 - [[Alabama]] -becomes the first U.S. state to enact an Competition law|anti-trust law.
1885 - [[Sino-French War]] -French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam.
1886 - [[Charles Martin Hall]] -produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister Julia Brainerd Hall.
1887 - [[French Riviera]] -is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
1896 - [[Tootsie Roll]] -is invented.
1898 - [[Émile Zola]] -is imprisoned in France after writing "J'accuse", a letter accusing the French government of antisemitism and wrongfully imprisoning Captain (OF-2)|Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
1900 - [[Second Boer War]] -Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart's Hill.
1903 - [[Cuba]] -leases Guantanamo Bay Naval Base|Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
1905 - [[Paul P. Harris|Paul Harris]] -and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club.
1909 - [[AEA Silver Dart]] -makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
1917 - [[Saint Petersburg]] -Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
1918 - [[Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz]] -commits suicide.
1927 - [[Calvin Coolidge]] -signs a bill by United States Congress|Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United States.
1927 - [[theoretical physics|theoretical physicist]] -Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.
1934 - [[Leopold III of Belgium|Leopold III]] -becomes King of Belgium.
1941 - [[Plutonium]] -is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
1942 - [[World War II]] -Empire of Japan|Japanese submarines Bombardment of Ellwood|fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara, California|Santa Barbara.
1943 - [[County Cavan]] -Ireland, killing 36 people (35 of whom are children).
1943 - [[Greek Resistance]] -The United Panhellenic Organization of Youth is founded is Greece.
1944 - [[Soviet Union]] -begins the Operation Lentil (Caucasus)|forced deportation of the Chechens|Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
1945 - [[Battle of Iwo Jima]] -a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima|photographed raising the American flag.
1945 - [[11th Airborne Division (United States)|11th Airborne Division]] -with Filipino people|Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños, Laguna|Los Baños internment camp.
1945 - [[Philippines]] -Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.
1945 - [[Poznań]] -The city is liberated by Soviet Union|Soviet and Polish forces.
1945 - [[Pforzheim]] -is Bombing of Pforzheim in World War II|annihilated in a raid by 379 British bombers.
1947 - [[International Organization for Standardization]] -(ISO) is founded.
1954 - [[Poliomyelitis|polio]] -with the Jonas Salk|Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh.
1955 - [[Southeast Asia Treaty Organization]] -(SEATO).
1958 - [[F1]] -champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
1966 - [[Syria]] -Ba'ath Party member Salah Jadid leads an intra-party military coup that replaces the previous government of General Amin al-Hafiz, also a Baathist.
1974 - [[Symbionese Liberation Army]] -demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.
1980 - [[Iran hostage crisis]] -Supreme Leader of Iran|Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
1981 - [[Antonio Tejero]] -attempts 23-F|a coup d'état by capturing the Congress of Deputies (Spain)|Spanish Congress of Deputies.
1983 - [[United States Environmental Protection Agency]] -announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins|dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
1987 - [[Supernova 1987a]] -is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
1991 - [[Gulf War]] -Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the Gulf War#Ground campaign|ground phase of the war.
1991 - [[Thailand]] -General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.
1998 - [[1998 Kissimmee tornado outbreak|tornadoes in central Florida]] -destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.
1999 - [[Kurds|Kurdish]] -rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
1999 - [[avalanche]] -destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
2005 - [[French law on colonialism]] -is passed, requiring teachers to teach the "positive values of colonialism". After public outcry, it is repealed at the beginning of 2006.
2007 - [[Grayrigg derailment|train derails]] -on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.
2008 - [[United States Air Force|U.S. Air Force]] -B-2 Spirit bomber 2008 Andersen Air Force Base B-2 accident|crashes on Guam. It is the first operational loss of a B-2.
2010 - [[diesel oil]] -and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in northern Italy, sparking an environmental disaster.
2012 - [[23 February 2012 Iraq attacks|series of attacks]] -across Iraq leave at least 83 killed and more than 250 injured.
2014 - [[2014 Winter Olympics closing ceremony|closing ceremony]] -of the 2014 Winter Olympics takes place in Sochi, Russia.
1417 - [[Pope Paul II]] -(d. 1471)
1443 - [[Matthias Corvinus]] -Hungarian king (d. 1490)
1583 - [[Jean-Baptiste Morin (mathematician)|Jean-Baptiste Morin]] -French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer (d. 1656)
1633 - [[Samuel Pepys]] -English soldier and politician (d. 1703)
1646 - [[Tokugawa Tsunayoshi]] -Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
1648 - [[Arabella Churchill (royal mistress)|Arabella Churchill]] -English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
1664 - [[Georg Dietrich Leyding]] -German organist and composer (d. 1710)
1680 - [[Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville]] -Canadian politician, 2nd List of colonial governors of Louisiana|Colonial Governor of Louisiana (d. 1767)
1685 - [[George Frideric Handel]] -German-English organist and composer (d. 1759)
1723 - [[Richard Price]] -Welsh-English minister and philosopher (d. 1791)
1744 - [[Mayer Amschel Rothschild]] -German banker (d. 1812)
1752 - [[Simon Knéfacz]] -Croatian monk and author (d. 1819)
1840 - [[Carl Menger]] -Austrian economist and educator (d. 1921)
1842 - [[Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann]] -German philosopher and author (d. 1906)
1850 - [[César Ritz]] -Swiss businessman, founded The Ritz London Hotel and Hôtel Ritz Paris (d. 1918)
1852 - [[Dục Đức]] -Vietnamese emperor (d. 1883)
1868 - [[W. E. B. Du Bois]] -American sociologist, historian, and activist (d. 1963)
1868 - [[Anna Hoffman-Uddgren]] -Swedish actress and director (d. 1947)
1873 - [[Liang Qichao]] -Chinese journalist, philosopher, and scholar (d. 1929)
1874 - [[Konstantin Päts]] -Estonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of Estonia (d. 1956)
1878 - [[Kazimir Malevich]] -Ukrainian painter and theorist (d. 1935)
1883 - [[Karl Jaspers]] -German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher (d. 1969)
1886 - [[Antonio Alice]] -Argentinian painter (d. 1943)
1889 - [[Musidora]] -French actress and director (d. 1957)
1889 - [[Cyril Delevanti]] -English-American actor (d. 1975)
1889 - [[Victor Fleming]] -American director, cinematographer, and producer (d. 1949)
1889 - [[John Gilbert Winant]] -American captain, pilot, and politician, 60th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1947)
1891 - [[Harold Horder]] -Australian rugby player and coach (d. 1978)
1892 - [[Kathleen Harrison]] -English actress (d. 1995)
1899 - [[Erich Kästner]] -German author and poet (d. 1974)
1899 - [[Norman Taurog]] -American director and screenwriter (d. 1981)
1904 - [[Terence Fisher]] -English director and screenwriter (d. 1980)
1904 - [[William L. Shirer]] -American journalist and historian (d. 1993)
1904 - [[Leopold Trepper]] -Polish-Austrian spy (d. 1982)
1907 - [[Lee Hyo-seok]] -South Korean author and poet (d. 1942)
1908 - [[William McMahon]] -Australian lawyer and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1988)
1914 - [[Theo Middelkamp]] -Dutch-Belgian cyclist (d. 2005)
1915 - [[Jon Hall (actor)|Jon Hall]] -American actor and director (d. 1979)
1915 - [[Paul Tibbets]] -American general and pilot (d. 2007)
1918 - [[Richard Girnt Butler]] -American engineer, founded the Aryan Nations (d. 2004)
1920 - [[Paul Gérin-Lajoie]] -Canadian lawyer and politician
1923 - [[Miljenko Smoje]] -Croatian journalist and screenwriter (d. 1995)
1923 - [[Rafael Addiego Bruno]] -Uruguayan jurist and politician, President of Uruguay (d. 2014)
1923 - [[Ioannis Grivas]] -Greek judge and politician, 176th Prime Minister of Greece
1923 - [[Mary Francis Shura]] -American author (d. 1991)
1924 - [[Allan McLeod Cormack]] -South-African-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
1924 - [[Claude Sautet]] -French director, screenwriter, and author (d. 2000)
1925 - [[Louis Stokes]] -American lawyer and politician (d. 2015)
1926 - [[William R. Roy]] -American physician, journalist, and politician (d. 2014)
1927 - [[Régine Crespin]] -French soprano and actress (d. 2007)
1928 - [[Hans Herrmann]] -German race car driver
1928 - [[Vasily Lazarev]] -Russian colonel, physician, and astronaut (d. 1990)
1929 - [[Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow]] -(d. 2008)
1929 - [[Jaan Einasto]] -Estonian astronomer and physicist
1929 - [[Elston Howard]] -American baseball player and coach (d. 1980)
1931 - [[Tom Wesselmann]] -American painter and sculptor (d. 2004)
1932 - [[Majel Barrett]] -American actress and producer (d. 2008)
1933 - [[Donna J. Stone]] -American poet and philanthropist (d. 1994)
1934 - [[Linda Cristal]] -Argentinian-American actress
1935 - [[Gerrianne Raphael]] -American actress
1937 - [[Tom Osborne]] -American football player, coach, and politician
1938 - [[Paul Morrissey]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter
1938 - [[Diane Varsi]] -American actress (d. 1992)
1940 - [[Peter Fonda]] -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1940 - [[Jackie Smith]] -American football player
1941 - [[Ron Hunt]] -American baseball player
1943 - [[Fred Biletnikoff]] -American football player and coach
1944 - [[Bernard Cornwell]] -English author and educator
1944 - [[Florian Fricke]] -German keyboard player (Popol Vuh (band)|Popol Vuh and Gila (band)|Gila)
1944 - [[John Sandford (novelist)|John Sandford]] -American journalist and author
1944 - [[Johnny Winter]] -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2014)
1945 - [[Allan Boesak]] -South African cleric and politician
1945 - [[Svetlana Gerasimenko]] -Soviet Ukrainian and Tajikistani astronomer.
1946 - [[Rusty Young (musician)|Rusty Young]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Poco)
1947 - [[Pia Kjærsgaard]] -Danish politician
1947 - [[Anton Mosimann]] -Swiss chef and author
1948 - [[Bill Alexander (director)|Bill Alexander]] -English director and producer
1948 - [[Doug Moench]] -American author
1948 - [[Steve Priest]] -English singer-songwriter and bass player (Sweet (band)|Sweet)
1949 - [[César Aira]] -Argentine writer and translator
1949 - [[Marc Garneau]] -Canadian engineer, astronaut, and politician
1950 - [[Maxi (singer)|Maxi]] -Irish singer, actor, and radio host
1951 - [[Ed "Too Tall" Jones]] -American football player and boxer
1951 - [[Patricia Richardson]] -American actress and producer
1951 - [[Shigefumi Mori]] -Japanese mathematician
1952 - [[Brad Whitford]] -American guitarist (Aerosmith and The Joe Perry Project)
1953 - [[Kenny Bee]] -Hong Kong singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (The Wynners)
1953 - [[Satoru Nakajima]] -Japanese race car driver
1953 - [[Walter Wick]] -American photographer and author
1953 - [[Adnan Polat]] -Turkish businessman
1954 - [[Louis Bertignac]] -French guitarist, vocalist and songwriter
1954 - [[Carlos Guirao]] -Spanish guitarist, keyboard player, and composer (Neuronium) (d. 2012)
1954 - [[Rajini Thiranagama]] -Sri Lankan physician and academic (d. 1989)
1954 - [[Viktor Yushchenko]] -Ukrainian captain and politician, 3rd President of Ukraine
1955 - [[Tom Bodett]] -American voice actor, radio host, and author
1955 - [[Howard Jones (musician)|Howard Jones]] -English singer-songwriter
1955 - [[Flip Saunders]] -American basketball player and coach
1956 - [[Sandra Osborne]] -Scottish politician
1957 - [[Ria Brieffies]] -Dutch singer (Dolly Dots) (d. 2009)
1958 - [[Patrick Marriott]] -English general
1958 - [[David Sylvian]] -English singer-songwriter (Japan (band)|Japan and Nine Horses)
1959 - [[Clayton Anderson]] -American engineer and astronaut
1959 - [[Nick de Bois]] -English politician
1959 - [[Ian Liddell-Grainger]] -Scottish soldier and politician
1959 - [[Linda Nolan]] -Irish singer and actress (The Nolans)
1960 - [[Alan Griffin]] -Australian politician
1960 - [[Ivan Vdović]] -Serbian drummer (Suncokret, Šarlo Akrobata, Supernaut (Serbian band)|Supernaut, and Ekatarina Velika) (d. 1992)
1962 - [[Michael Wilton]] -American guitarist (Queensrÿche and Soulbender)
1963 - [[Bobby Bonilla]] -American baseball player
1963 - [[Radosław Sikorski]] -Polish journalist and politician, 11th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland
1964 - [[John Norum]] -Norwegian guitarist and songwriter (Europe (band)|Europe)
1965 - [[Michael Dell]] -American businessman, founded Dell
1965 - [[Ashok Kamte]] -Indian police officer (d. 2008)
1965 - [[Helena Suková]] -Czech-Monacan tennis player
1966 - [[Mark Abrahamian]] -American guitarist (Starship (band)|Starship) (d. 2012)
1967 - [[Hélène Darroze]] -French chef
1967 - [[Naim Süleymanoğlu]] -Bulgarian-Turkish weightlifter
1967 - [[Chris Vrenna]] -American drummer, songwriter, and producer (Nine Inch Nails, Tweaker (band)|Tweaker, Die Warzau, and Exotic Birds)
1969 - [[Michael Campbell]] -New Zealand-Australian golfer
1969 - [[Daymond John]] -American fashion designer, founded FUBU
1969 - [[Marc Wauters]] -Belgian cyclist
1970 - [[Marie-Josée Croze]] -Canadian actress
1970 - [[Niecy Nash]] -American actress and producer
1970 - [[Keanna Reeves]] -Filipino actress
1971 - [[Jung Chan]] -South Korean actor
1971 - [[Melinda Messenger]] -English model and television host
1971 - [[Joe-Max Moore]] -American soccer player
1972 - [[Steve Holy]] -American singer
1972 - [[Alessandro Sturba]] -Italian footballer
1972 - [[Rondell White]] -American baseball player
1973 - [[Arnold Dwarika]] -Trinidadian footballer
1973 - [[Jeff Nordgaard]] -American-Polish basketball player
1974 - [[Herschelle Gibbs]] -South African cricketer
1975 - [[Michael Cornacchia]] -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1975 - [[Robert Lopez]] -American composer
1975 - [[Natalia Verbeke]] -Argentinian actress and singer
1976 - [[Scott Elarton]] -American baseball player
1976 - [[Kelly Macdonald]] -Scottish actress
1976 - [[Jeff O'Neill]] -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
1976 - [[Satoshi Yoneyama]] -Japanese wrestler
1977 - [[Kristina Šmigun-Vähi]] -Estonian skier
1978 - [[Residente]] -Puerto Rican singer-songwriter (Calle 13 (band)|Calle 13)
1978 - [[Dan Snyder (ice hockey)|Dan Snyder]] -Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2003)
1979 - [[S. E. Cupp]] -American journalist and author
1979 - [[Sascha Zacharias]] -Swedish actress
1980 - [[Amazon Eve]] -American model and actress
1981 - [[Gareth Barry]] -English footballer
1981 - [[Josh Gad]] -American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1981 - [[Mai Nakahara]] -Japanese voice actress and singer
1981 - [[Dylan Ryder]] -American porn actress
1981 - [[Charles Tillman]] -American football player
1982 - [[Nick Dupree]] -American activist
1982 - [[Anna-Maria Galojan]] -Estonian politician
1982 - [[Karan Singh Grover]] -Indian actor
1982 - [[Adam Hann-Byrd]] -American actor and screenwriter
1982 - [[Malia Metella]] -French swimmer
1983 - [[Mido (footballer)|Mido]] -Egyptian footballer
1983 - [[Aziz Ansari]] -American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
1983 - [[Mirco Bergamasco]] -Italian rugby player
1983 - [[Emily Blunt]] -English actress and singer
1986 - [[Emerson Conceição]] -Brazilian footballer
1986 - [[Skylar Grey]] -American singer-songwriter
1986 - [[Kazuya Kamenashi]] -Japanese singer-songwriter and actor (KAT-TUN and Shūji to Akira)
1986 - [[Boipelo Makhothi]] -Lesotho swimmer
1986 - [[Jerod Mayo]] -American football player
1986 - [[Ola Svensson]] -Swedish singer-songwriter
1987 - [[Theophilus London]] -Trinidadian-American singer-songwriter and producer
1987 - [[Ab-Soul]] -American rapper
1988 - [[Nicolás Gaitán]] -Argentinian footballer
1989 - [[Amara Baby]] -French footballer
1989 - [[Evan Bates]] -American ice dancer
1990 - [[Kevin Cheung]] -Mauritian swimmer
1990 - [[Terry Hawkridge]] -English footballer
1992 - [[Casemiro]] -Brazilian footballer
1992 - [[Kyriakos Papadopoulos]] -Greek footballer
1992 - [[Samara Weaving]] -Australian actress and model
1993 - [[Kasumi Ishikawa]] -Japanese table tennis player
1994 - [[Dakota Fanning]] -American actress
1995 - [[Andrew Wiggins]] -Canadian basketball player
2005 - [[Jillian Ward]] -Filipina actress and commercial model
History of Deaths
572 - [[Chihor-Vishnasp]] -Armenian general and politician
715 - [[Al-Walid I]] -Arab caliph (b. 668)
943 - [[Herbert II, Count of Vermandois]] -(b. 884)
1011 - [[Willigis]] -German archbishop (b. 940)
1100 - [[Emperor Zhezong of Song]] -(b. 1076)
1270 - [[Isabelle of France (saint)|Isabel of France]] -(b. 1225)
1447 - [[Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester]] -(b. 1390)
1447 - [[Pope Eugene IV]] -(b. 1383)
1464 - [[Zhengtong Emperor]] -of China (b. 1427)
1554 - [[Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk]] -English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire (b. 1515)
1572 - [[Pierre Certon]] -French composer (b. 1510)
1603 - [[Andrea Cesalpino]] -Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
1669 - [[Lieuwe van Aitzema]] -Dutch historian and diplomat (b. 1600)
1704 - [[Georg Muffat]] -French organist and composer (b. 1653)
1766 - [[Stanisław Leszczyński]] -Polish king (b. 1677)
1781 - [[George Taylor (delegate)|George Taylor]] -Irish-American blacksmith and politician (b. 1716)
1792 - [[Joshua Reynolds]] -English painter (b. 1723)
1800 - [[Joseph Warton]] -English academic and critic (b. 1722)
1821 - [[John Keats]] -English poet (b. 1795)
1848 - [[John Quincy Adams]] -American politician, 6th President of the United States (b. 1767)
1855 - [[Carl Friedrich Gauss]] -German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (b. 1777)
1859 - [[Zygmunt Krasiński]] -Polish poet and playwright (b. 1812)
1879 - [[Albrecht von Roon]] -Prussian soldier and politician, 10th Minister President of Prussia (b. 1803)
1897 - [[Woldemar Bargiel]] -German composer and educator (b. 1828)
1908 - [[Friedrich von Esmarch]] -German surgeon and academic (b. 1823)
1918 - [[Adolphus Frederick VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz]] -(b. 1882)
1922 - [[Albert Victor Bäcklund]] -Swedish mathematician and physicist (b. 1845)
1925 - [[Samuel Berger (boxer)|Samuel Berger]] -American boxer (b. 1884)
1930 - [[Horst Wessel]] -German Sturmabteilung|SA officer (b. 1907)
1931 - [[Nellie Melba]] -Australian soprano and actress (b. 1861)
1934 - [[Edward Elgar]] -English composer and academic (b. 1857)
1937 - [[Claude Buckenham]] -English cricketer and footballer (b. 1876)
1944 - [[Leo Baekeland]] -Belgian-American chemist and engineer (b. 1863)
1946 - [[Tomoyuki Yamashita]] -Japanese general (b. 1885)
1948 - [[John Robert Gregg]] -Irish-American publisher and educator (b. 1866)
1955 - [[Paul Claudel]] -French poet and playwright (b. 1868)
1957 - [[Marika Ninou]] -Greek singer (b. 1918)
1965 - [[Stan Laurel]] -English actor and director (b. 1890)
1969 - [[Madhubala]] -Indian actress (b. 1933)
1973 - [[Dickinson W. Richards]] -American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
1974 - [[Harry Ruby]] -American composer and screenwriter (b. 1895)
1976 - [[L. S. Lowry]] -English painter (b. 1887)
1979 - [[W. A. C. Bennett]] -Canadian businessman and politician, 25th Premier of British Columbia (b. 1900)
1983 - [[Herbert Howells]] -English organist and composer (b. 1892)
1984 - [[Jessamyn West (writer)|Jessamyn West]] -American author (b. 1902)
1990 - [[José Napoleón Duarte]] -Salvadoran engineer and politician, President of El Salvador (b. 1925)
1992 - [[Markos Vafiadis]] -Greek general and politician (b. 1906)
1995 - [[Melvin Franklin]] -American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1942)
1995 - [[James Herriot]] -English veterinarian and author (b. 1916)
1996 - [[William Bonin]] -American serial killer and sex offender (b. 1947)
1997 - [[Tony Williams (drummer)|Tony Williams]] -American drummer, composer, and producer (The Tony Williams Lifetime) (b. 1945)
1999 - [[The Renegade (wrestler)|The Renegade]] -American wrestler (b. 1965)
2000 - [[Ofra Haza]] -Israeli singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1957)
2000 - [[Stanley Matthews]] -English footballer and manager (b. 1915)
2001 - [[Robert Enrico]] -French director and screenwriter (b. 1931)
2003 - [[Howie Epstein]] -American bass player, songwriter, and producer (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)
2003 - [[Robert K. Merton]] -American sociologist and academic (b. 1910)
2004 - [[Vijay Anand (Hindi film maker)|Vijay Anand]] -Indian director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1934)
2004 - [[Carl Anderson (singer)|Carl Anderson]] -American singer and actor (b. 1945)
2004 - [[Neil Ardley]] -English pianist and composer (b. 1937)
2004 - [[Sikander Bakht]] -Indian politician, Minister of External Affairs (India)|Indian Minister of External Affairs (b. 1918)
2004 - [[Don Cornell]] -American singer (b. 1919)
2006 - [[Benno Besson]] -Swiss actor and director (b. 1922)
2006 - [[Telmo Zarra]] -Spanish footballer (b. 1921)
2007 - [[Donnie Brooks]] -American singer (b. 1936)
2007 - [[John Ritchie (footballer, born 1941)|John Ritchie]] -English footballer (b. 1941)
2008 - [[Janez Drnovšek]] -Slovenian economist and politician, 2nd President of Slovenia (b. 1950)
2008 - [[Paul Frère]] -Belgian race car driver and journalist (b. 1917)
2010 - [[Orlando Zapata]] -Cuban plumber and activist (b. 1967)
2011 - [[Nirmala Srivastava]] -Indian religious leader, founded Sahaja Yoga (b. 1923)
2012 - [[William Gay (author)|William Gay]] -American author (b. 1941)
2012 - [[William Raggio]] -American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
2012 - [[David Sayre]] -American physicist and mathematician (b. 1924)
2012 - [[Kazimierz Żygulski]] -Polish sociologist and activist (b. 1919)
2013 - [[Eugene Bookhammer]] -American soldier and politician, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware (b. 1918)
2013 - [[Joan Child]] -Australian politician, 19th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives (b. 1921)
2013 - [[Julien Ries]] -Belgian cardinal (b. 1920)
2013 - [[Lotika Sarkar]] -Indian lawyer and academic (b. 1945)
2014 - [[K. Alison Clarke-Stewart]] -Canadian psychologist and academic (b. 1943)
2014 - [[Penny DeHaven]] -American singer and actress (b. 1948)
2014 - [[Alice Herz-Sommer]] -Czech-English pianist and educator (b. 1903)
2014 - [[Roger Hilsman]] -American soldier, academic, and politician (b. 1919)
2014 - [[Samuel Sheinbein]] -American-Israeli murderer (b. 1980)
2015 - [[Rana Bhagwandas]] -Pakistani lawyer and judge, Chief Justice of Pakistan (b. 1942)
2015 - [[W. E. "Bill" Dykes]] -American soldier and politician (b. 1925)
2015 - [[Jerry Lambert (jockey)|Jerry Lambert]] -American jockey (b. 1940)
2015 - [[R. C. Sakthi]] -Indian actor and director (b. 1940)