This Day in History
Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
1504 - [[Christopher Columbus]] -uses his knowledge of a lunar eclipse that night to convince Native Americans (Americas)|Native Americans to provide him with supplies.
1644 - [[Abel Tasman]] -s second Pacific voyage began.
1704 - [[Queen Anne's War]] -French forces and Native American (U.S.)|Native Americans stage a 1704 Raid on Deerfield|raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 56 villagers and taking more than 100 captive.
1712 - [[February 30]] -in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Julian calendar|Old style.
1720 - [[Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden]] -abdicates in favour of her husband, who becomes King Frederick I of Sweden|Frederick I on 24 March.
1752 - [[Alaungpaya]] -founds Konbaung Dynasty, the last dynasty of Burmese monarchy.
1768 - [[Bar Confederation]] -
1796 - [[Jay Treaty]] -between the United States and Great Britain comes into force, facilitating ten years of peaceful trade between the two nations.
1864 - [[American Civil War]] -Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid fails
1892 - [[St. Petersburg, Florida]] -is incorporated.
1916 - [[Tokelau]] -is annexed by the United Kingdom.
1916 - [[Child labor]] -In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old.
1920 - [[Czechoslovakia|Czechoslovak]] -National assembly adopted the Czechoslovak Constitution of 1920|Constitution.
1936 - [[Baby Snooks]] -played by Fanny Brice, debuts on the radio program ''The Ziegfeld Follies of the Air''.
1936 - [[February 26 Incident]] -in Tokyo ends.
1940 - [[Gone with the Wind (film)|Gone with the Wind]] -', Hattie McDaniel becomes the first African American to win an Academy Award.
1940 - [[Winter War]] -peace negotiations.
1940 - [[Berkeley, California]] -because of the World War II|war, physicist Ernest Lawrence receives the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics from Sweden's Consul General in San Francisco.
1944 - [[Admiralty Islands]] -are invaded in Operation Brewer led by American General Douglas MacArthur.
1952 - [[Heligoland]] -is restored to German authority.
1960 - [[1960 Agadir earthquake|earthquake]] -in Morocco kills over 3,000 people and nearly destroys Agadir in the southern part of the country.
1964 - [[Dawn Fraser]] -sets a new world record in the 100-meter freestyle swimming (sport)|swimming competition (58.9 seconds).
1972 - [[Vietnam War]] -Vietnamization
1980 - [[Gordie Howe]] -of the then Carolina Hurricanes|Hartford Whalers makes National Hockey League|NHL history as he scores his 800th goal.
1988 - [[Desmond Tutu]] -is arrested along with 100 clergymen during a five-day anti-apartheid demonstration in Cape Town.
1988 - [[Svend Robinson]] -becomes the first member of the Canadian House of Commons to coming out|come out as gay.
1992 - [[Bosnia and Herzegovina independence referendum, 1992|Bosnia and Herzegovina independence referendum]] -
1996 - [[Faucett Flight 251]] -crashes in the Andes, all 123 passengers and crew died.
2004 - [[Jean-Bertrand Aristide]] -is removed as President of Haiti following a coup.
2012 - [[Tokyo Skytree]] -construction completed. Now it is the List of tallest towers in the world|tallest tower in the world, 634 meters high, and second tallest (man-made) structure on Earth, next to Burj Khalifa.
1468 - [[Pope Paul III]] -(d. 1549)
1692 - [[John Byrom]] -English poet and educator (d. 1763)
1724 - [[Eva Marie Veigel]] -Austrian-English dancer (d. 1822)
1736 - [[Ann Lee]] -English-American religious leader, founded the Shakers (d. 1784)
1792 - [[Gioachino Rossini]] -Italian pianist and composer (d. 1868)
1812 - [[James Milne Wilson]] -Scottish-Australian soldier and politician, 8th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1880)
1828 - [[Emmeline B. Wells]] -American journalist, poet, and activist (d. 1921)
1836 - [[Dickey Pearce]] -American baseball player and manager (d. 1908)
1840 - [[John Philip Holland]] -Irish engineer, designed the ''HMS Holland 1'' (d. 1914)
1852 - [[Frank Gavan Duffy]] -Irish-Australian lawyer and judge, 4th Chief Justice of Australia (d. 1936)
1852 - [[George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg]] -Russian son of Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1819–1876)|Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1912)
1860 - [[Herman Hollerith]] -American statistician and businessman, co-founded the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (d. 1929)
1884 - [[Richard S. Aldrich]] -American lawyer and politician (d. 1941)
1892 - [[Ed Appleton]] -American baseball player (d. 1932)
1892 - [[Augusta Savage]] -American sculptor (d. 1962)
1896 - [[Morarji Desai]] -Indian politician, 4th Prime Minister of India (d. 1995)
1896 - [[Roy Parker]] -American baseball player (d. 1954)
1896 - [[William A. Wellman]] -American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1975)
1904 - [[Rukmini Devi Arundale]] -Indian dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
1904 - [[Jimmy Dorsey]] -American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (The California Ramblers, The Dorsey Brothers, and The Charleston Chasers) (d. 1957)
1904 - [[Pepper Martin]] -American baseball player and manager (d. 1965)
1908 - [[Balthus]] -French-Swiss painter and illustrator (d. 2001)
1908 - [[Dee Brown (writer)|Dee Brown]] -American historian and author (d. 2002)
1908 - [[Alf Gover]] -English cricketer and coach (d. 2001)
1916 - [[Dinah Shore]] -American singer and actress (d. 1994)
1920 - [[Fyodor Abramov]] -Russian author and critic (d. 1983)
1920 - [[Arthur Franz]] -American actor (d. 2006)
1920 - [[James Mitchell (actor)|James Mitchell]] -American actor and dancer (d. 2010)
1920 - [[Michèle Morgan]] -French-American actress and singer
1920 - [[Howard Nemerov]] -American poet and academic (d. 1991)
1920 - [[Ivan Ivanovich Petrov]] -Russian opera singer (d. 2003)
1920 - [[Rolland W. Redlin]] -American lawyer and politician (d. 2011)
1924 - [[David Beattie]] -New Zealand judge and politician, 14th Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 2001)
1924 - [[Carlos Humberto Romero]] -Salvadoran politician, President of El Salvador
1924 - [[Al Rosen]] -American baseball player and manager (d. 2015)
1928 - [[Joss Ackland]] -English actor and singer
1928 - [[Vance Haynes]] -American archaeologist, geologist, and author
1928 - [[Terry Lewis (police officer)|Terry Lewis]] -Australian police officer
1928 - [[Seymour Papert]] -South African mathematician and computer scientist, co-created the Logo (programming language)|Logo programming language
1928 - [[Tempest Storm]] -American actress, singer, and dancer
1932 - [[Jaguar (cartoonist)|Jaguar]] -Brazilian cartoonist
1932 - [[Gene H. Golub]] -American mathematician and academic (d. 2007)
1932 - [[Masten Gregory]] -American race car river (d. 1985)
1932 - [[Reri Grist]] -American soprano and actress
1936 - [[Jack R. Lousma]] -American astronaut, engineer, and politician
1936 - [[Henri Richard]] -Canadian ice hockey player
1936 - [[Alex Rocco]] -American actor (d. 2015)
1940 - [[William H. Turner, Jr.]] -American horse trainer
1944 - [[Ene Ergma]] -Estonian physicist and politician
1944 - [[Dennis Farina]] -American police officer and actor (d. 2013)
1944 - [[Nicholas Frayling]] -English priest and academic
1944 - [[Phyllis Frelich]] -American actress (d. 2014)
1944 - [[Steve Mingori]] -American baseball player (d. 2008)
1944 - [[Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri]] -Italian author and illustrator
1948 - [[Jirō Akagawa]] -Japanese author
1948 - [[Gérard Darmon]] -French-Moroccan actor and singer
1948 - [[Ken Foree]] -American actor and producer
1948 - [[Hermione Lee]] -English author, critic, and academic
1948 - [[Patricia A. McKillip]] -American author
1952 - [[Al Autry]] -American baseball player
1952 - [[Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush]] -American journalist and producer
1952 - [[Tim Powers]] -American author and educator
1952 - [[Raisa Smetanina]] -Russian skier
1952 - [[Bart Stupak]] -American police officer and politician
1956 - [[Jonathan Coleman (presenter)|Jonathan Coleman]] -English-Australian radio and television host
1956 - [[Jerry Fry]] -American baseball player
1956 - [[Bob Speller]] -Canadian businessman and politician, 30th Minister of Agriculture (Canada)|Canadian Minister of Agriculture
1956 - [[J. Randy Taraborrelli]] -American journalist and author
1956 - [[Aileen Wuornos]] -American serial killer (d. 2002)
1960 - [[Khaled (musician)|Khaled]] -Algerian singer-songwriter
1960 - [[Lucian Grainge]] -English businessman
1960 - [[Bill Long (baseball)|Bill Long]] -American baseball player
1960 - [[Richard Ramirez]] -American serial killer (d. 2013)
1960 - [[Tony Robbins]] -American motivational speaker and author
1964 - [[Dave Brailsford]] -English cyclist and coach
1964 - [[Lyndon Byers]] -Canadian ice hockey player and radio host
1964 - [[Mervyn Warren]] -American tenor, composer, and producer (Take 6)
1968 - [[Suanne Braun]] -South African-English actress
1968 - [[Chucky Brown]] -American basketball player and coach
1968 - [[Pete Fenson]] -American curler and sportscaster
1968 - [[Naoko Iijima]] -Japanese actress and gravure idol
1968 - [[Bryce Paup]] -American football player and coach
1968 - [[Wendi Peters]] -English actress
1968 - [[Howard Tayler]] -American author and illustrator
1968 - [[Eugene Volokh]] -Ukrainian-American lawyer and educator
1968 - [[Frank Woodley]] -Australian actor, producer, and screenwriter
1972 - [[Iván García (athlete)|Iván García]] -Cuban sprinter
1972 - [[Mike Pollitt]] -English footballer and coach
1972 - [[Antonio Sabàto, Jr.]] -Italian-American model and actor
1972 - [[Dave Williams (musician)|Dave Williams]] -American singer-songwriter (Drowning Pool) (d. 2002)
1972 - [[Saul Williams]] -American singer-songwriter and actor (Wax Poetic)
1972 - [[Pedro Zamora]] -Cuban-American television personality, cast member on ''The Real World: San Francisco'' (d. 1994)
1976 - [[Zoë Baker]] -English-New Zealand swimmer and coach
1976 - [[Katalin Kovács]] -Hungarian canoe racer
1976 - [[Terrence Long]] -American baseball player
1976 - [[Ja Rule]] -American rapper and actor
1980 - [[Chris Conley]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Saves the Day and Two Tongues)
1980 - [[Patrick Côté (fighter)|Patrick Côté]] -Canadian mixed martial artist
1980 - [[Simon Gagné]] -Canadian ice hockey player
1980 - [[Michail Mouroutsos]] -Greek martial artist
1980 - [[Rubén Plaza]] -Spanish cyclist
1980 - [[Clinton Toopi]] -New Zealand rugby player
1980 - [[Taylor Twellman]] -American soccer player and sportscaster
1984 - [[Darren Ambrose]] -English footballer
1984 - [[Cullen Jones]] -American swimmer
1984 - [[Nuria Martínez]] -Spanish basketball player
1984 - [[Adam Sinclair]] -Indian field hockey player
1984 - [[Rakhee Thakrar]] -English actress
1984 - [[Dennis Walger]] -German rugby player
1984 - [[Cam Ward]] -Canadian ice hockey player
1988 - [[Lena Gercke]] -German model and television host
1988 - [[Scott Golbourne]] -English footballer
1988 - [[Benedikt Höwedes]] -German footballer
1988 - [[Bobby Sanguinetti]] -American ice hockey player
1992 - [[Sean Abbott]] -Australian cricketer
1992 - [[Perry Kitchen]] -American soccer player
1992 - [[Caitlin EJ Meyer]] -American actress
1992 - [[Majesty Rose]] -American singer
1992 - [[Saphir Taïder]] -French-Algerian footballer
1996 - [[Claudia Williams]] -New Zealand tennis player
History of Deaths
992 - [[Oswald of Worcester]] -French archbishop and saint (b. 925)
1212 - [[Hōnen]] -Japanese monk, founded Jōdo-shū (b. 1133)
1528 - [[Patrick Hamilton (martyr)|Patrick Hamilton]] -Scottish martyr and reformer (b. 1504)
1592 - [[Alessandro Striggio]] -Italian composer and diplomat (b. 1540)
1600 - [[Caspar Hennenberger]] -German pastor, historian, and cartographer (b. 1529)
1604 - [[John Whitgift]] -English archbishop (b. 1530)
1740 - [[Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal)|Pietro Ottoboni]] -Italian cardinal (b. 1667)
1744 - [[John Theophilus Desaguliers]] -French-English physicist and philosopher (b. 1683)
1792 - [[Johann Andreas Stein]] -German piano builder (b. 1728)
1820 - [[Johann Joachim Eschenburg]] -German historian and critic (b. 1743)
1848 - [[Louis-François, Baron Lejeune]] -French general and painter (b. 1775)
1868 - [[Ludwig I of Bavaria]] -(b. 1786)
1880 - [[James Milne Wilson]] -Scottish-Australian soldier and politician, 8th Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812)
1908 - [[Pat Garrett]] -American sheriff (b. 1850)
1908 - [[John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow]] -Scottish-Australian politician, 1st Governor-General of Australia (b. 1860)
1920 - [[Ernie Courtney]] -American baseball player (b. 1875)
1928 - [[Adolphe Appia]] -Swiss architect and theorist (b. 1862)
1928 - [[Ina Coolbrith]] -American poet and librarian (b. 1841)
1940 - [[E. F. Benson]] -English archaeologist and author (b. 1867)
1944 - [[Pehr Evind Svinhufvud]] -Finnish lawyer, judge, and politician, 3rd President of Finland (b. 1861)
1948 - [[Rebel Oakes]] -American baseball player and manager (b. 1883)
1952 - [[Quo Tai-chi]] -Chinese diplomat, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations (b. 1888)
1956 - [[Elpidio Quirino]] -Filipino lawyer and politician, 6th President of the Philippines (b. 1890)
1960 - [[Melvin Purvis]] -American police officer and FBI agent (b. 1903)
1960 - [[Walter Yust]] -American journalist and author (b. 1894)
1964 - [[Frank Albertson]] -American actor and singer (b. 1909)
1968 - [[Lena Blackburne]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1886)
1968 - [[Tore Ørjasæter]] -Norwegian poet and educator (b. 1886)
1972 - [[Tom Davies (American football)|Tom Davies]] -American football player and coach (b. 1896)
1976 - [[Florence P. Dwyer]] -American politician (b. 1902)
1980 - [[Yigal Allon]] -Israeli general and politician, Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1918)
1980 - [[Gil Elvgren]] -American painter and illustrator (b. 1914)
1984 - [[Ludwik Starski]] -Polish screenwriter and songwriter (b. 1903)
1988 - [[Sidney Harmon]] -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1907)
1992 - [[La Lupe]] -Cuban-American singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
1992 - [[Ruth Pitter]] -English poet and author (b. 1897)
1996 - [[Wes Farrell]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1939)
1996 - [[Shams Pahlavi]] -Iranian daughter of Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran (b. 1917)
1996 - [[Ralph Rowe]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1924)
2000 - [[Dennis Danell]] -American guitarist (Social Distortion) (b. 1961)
2000 - [[Kayla Rolland]] -American murder victim (b. 1993)
2004 - [[Kagamisato Kiyoji]] -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 42nd Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna (b. 1923)
2004 - [[Jerome Lawrence]] -American playwright and author (b. 1915)
2004 - [[Toni Onley]] -Manx-Canadian painter (b. 1928)
2004 - [[Harold Bernard St. John]] -Barbadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Barbados (b. 1931)
2004 - [[Lorrie Wilmot]] -South African cricketer (b. 1943)
2008 - [[Janet Kagan]] -American author (b. 1946)
2008 - [[Erik Ortvad]] -Danish painter and illustrator (b. 1917)
2012 - [[Roland Bautista]] -American guitarist (Earth, Wind & Fire) (b. 1951)
2012 - [[Dennis Chinnery]] -English actor (b. 1927)
2012 - [[Davy Jones (musician)|Davy Jones]] -English singer, guitarist, and actor (The Monkees) (b. 1945)
2012 - [[Sheldon Moldoff]] -American illustrator (b. 1920)
2012 - [[Violet Wood]] -English super-centenarian (b. 1899)