This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-23

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


393 - [[List of Roman Emperors|Roman Emperor]] -Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius (emperor)|Honorius co-emperor.

971 - [[war elephant]] -corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops.

1264 - [[Henry III of England]] -and his rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester|Simon de Montfort, King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a one-sided decision in favour of Henry that later leads to the Second Barons' War.

1368 - [[Zhu Yuanzhang]] -ascends the Emperor of China|throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

1546 - [[François Rabelais]] -publishes the ''Tiers Livre'', his sequel to ''Gargantua and Pantagruel''.

1556 - [[earthquake]] -in history, the 1556 Shaanxi earthquake|Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.

1570 - [[James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray]] -regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.

1571 - [[Royal Exchange, London|Royal Exchange]] -opens in London.

1579 - [[Union of Utrecht]] -forms a Protestantism|Protestant republic in the Netherlands.

1656 - [[Blaise Pascal]] -publishes the first of his ''Lettres provinciales''.

1719 - [[Principality]] -of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

1789 - [[Georgetown University|Georgetown College]] -the first Catholic university in the United States, is founded in Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)|Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)

1793 - [[Second Partition of Poland]] -

1795 - [[Zuiderzee]] -the French cavalry Capture of the Dutch fleet at Den Helder|captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry

1849 - [[Elizabeth Blackwell]] -is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.

1855 - [[1855 Wairarapa earthquake]] -and tsunami leaves nine dead in New Zealand.

1855 - [[Mississippi River]] -opens in what is now Minneapolis, a crossing made today by the Hennepin Avenue Bridge.

1870 - [[Montana]] -U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.

1879 - [[Anglo-Zulu War]] -the Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.

1897 - [[Elva Zona Heaster]] -is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

1899 - [[Malolos Constitution]] -is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic.

1899 - [[Emilio Aguinaldo]] -is sworn in as President of the Philippines|President of the First Philippine Republic.

1900 - [[Second Boer War]] -The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.

1904 - [[Ålesund Fire]] -the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II, German Emperor|Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Art Nouveau|Jugendstil style.

1909 - [[White Star Line]] -becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS ''Florida'', off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The ''Republic'' sinks the next day.

1912 - [[International Opium Convention]] -is signed at The Hague.

1920 - [[Wilhelm II, German Emperor|Kaiser Wilhelm II]] -of Germany to the Allies of World War I|Allies.

1937 - [[Communist]] -go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.

1941 - [[Charles Lindbergh]] -testifies before the United States Congress|U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.

1942 - [[World War II]] -The Battle of Rabaul (1942)|Battle of Rabaul begins, the first fighting of the New Guinea campaign.

1943 - [[Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein|Montgomery]] -s Eighth Army (United Kingdom)|Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German–Italian Panzer Army.

1943 - [[Territory of Papua|Papua]] -

1943 - [[Duke Ellington]] -plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1943 - [[Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse]] -on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.

1945 - [[Karl Dönitz]] -launches Operation Hannibal.

1950 - [[Knesset]] -passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

1957 - [[Walter Frederick Morrison]] -sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee".

1958 - [[President of Venezuela|President]] -Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.

1960 - [[bathyscaphe]] -Bathyscaphe Trieste|USS ''Trieste'' breaks a depth record by descending to {{Convert|10911|m|ft}} in the Pacific Ocean.

1961 - [[cruise ship]] -''Santa Maria'' is Santa Maria hijacking|hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo (Portugal)|Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.

1963 - [[Guinea-Bissau War of Independence]] -officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite (Guinea-Bissau)|Tite.

1964 - [[Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution|24th Amendment]] -to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of Poll tax (United States)|poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

1967 - [[Diplomatic relations]] -between the Soviet Union and Côte d'Ivoire are established.

1967 - [[Milton Keynes]] -(England) is founded as a New towns in the United Kingdom|new town by Order in Council, with a planning brief to become a city of 250,000 people. Its initial designated area enclosed three existing towns and twenty one villages.

1968 - [[North Korea]] -seizes the {{USS|Pueblo|AGER-2|6}}, claiming the ship had violated its territorial waters while spying.

1973 - [[Richard Nixon]] -announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.

1973 - [[volcanic eruption]] -devastates Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.

1986 - [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame]] -inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.

1997 - [[Madeleine Albright]] -becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

1997 - [[Antonis Daglis]] -is sentenced to thirteen consecutive life sentences, plus 25 years for the serial slayings of three women and the attempted murder of six others.

2001 - [[Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident|set themselves on fire]] -in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution of Falun Gong|persecution.

2002 - [[Taliban]] -John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation|FBI custody.

2002 - [[Daniel Pearl]] -is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.

2003 - [[Pioneer 10]] -

2014 - [[L'Isle-Verte nursing home fire|fire breaks out]] -in a L'Isle Verte, Quebec elderly home, killing 28 people.

Famous Birthdays


1350 - [[Vincent Ferrer]] -Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)

1688 - [[Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden]] -(d. 1741)

1719 - [[John Landen]] -English mathematician and theorist (d. 1790)

1737 - [[John Hancock]] -American general and politician, 1st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1793)

1745 - [[William Jessop]] -English engineer, built the Cromford Canal (d. 1814)

1752 - [[Muzio Clementi]] -Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1832)

1780 - [[Georgios Karaiskakis]] -Greek general (d. 1827)

1783 - [[Stendhal]] -French author (d. 1842)

1786 - [[Auguste de Montferrand]] -French-Russian architect, designed Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Alexander Column (d. 1858)

1809 - [[Veer Surendra Sai]] -Indian activist (d. 1884)

1813 - [[Camilla Collett]] -Norwegian author and activist (d. 1895)

1828 - [[Saigō Takamori]] -Japanese samurai (d. 1877)

1832 - [[Édouard Manet]] -French painter (d. 1883)

1833 - [[Muthu Coomaraswamy]] -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1879)

1840 - [[Ernst Abbe]] -German physicist and engineer (d. 1905)

1846 - [[Hermann Clemenz]] -Estonian chess player (d. 1908)

1855 - [[John Browning]] -American weapons designer, founded Browning Arms Company (d. 1926)

1857 - [[Andrija Mohorovičić]] -Croatian meteorologist and seismologist (d. 1936)

1862 - [[David Hilbert]] -Russian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1943)

1870 - [[Ole Sæther]] -Norwegian target shooter (d. 1946)

1872 - [[Paul Langevin]] -French physicist and academic (d. 1946)

1872 - [[Jože Plečnik]] -Slovenian architect, designed Plečnik Parliament (d. 1957)

1876 - [[Otto Diels]] -German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)

1878 - [[Rutland Boughton]] -English composer (d. 1960)

1881 - [[Luisa Casati]] -Italian model (d. 1957)

1884 - [[George McManus]] -American cartoonist (d. 1954)

1894 - [[Jyotirmoyee Devi]] -Indian author (d. 1988)

1896 - [[Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg]] -(d. 1985)

1896 - [[Alf Hall]] -English-South African cricketer (d. 1964)

1897 - [[Subhas Chandra Bose]] -Indian activist and politician (d. 1945)

1897 - [[Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky]] -Austrian architect (d. 2000)

1897 - [[Ieva Simonaitytė]] -Lithuanian author (d. 1978)

1897 - [[William Stephenson]] -Canadian captain and spy (d. 1989)

1898 - [[Sergei Eisenstein]] -Latvian-Russian director and screenwriter (d. 1948)

1897 - [[Georg Kulenkampff]] -German violinist (d. 1948)

1898 - [[Randolph Scott]] -American actor and producer (d. 1987)

1898 - [[Freda Utley]] -English scholar and author (d. 1978)

1899 - [[Glen Kidston]] -English race car driver and pilot (d. 1931)

1900 - [[William Ifor Jones]] -Welsh organist and conductor (d. 1988)

1901 - [[Arthur Wirtz]] -American businessman (d. 1983)

1903 - [[Jorge Eliécer Gaitán]] -Colombian lawyer and politician, 16th Minister of National Education of Colombia (d. 1948)

1905 - [[Erich Borchmeyer]] -German sprinter (d. 2000)

1907 - [[Dan Duryea]] -American actor and singer (d. 1968)

1907 - [[Hideki Yukawa]] -Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)

1910 - [[Django Reinhardt]] -Belgian guitarist and composer (Quintette du Hot Club de France) (d. 1953)

1912 - [[Boris Pokrovsky]] -Russian director and manager (d. 2009)

1913 - [[Jean-Michel Atlan]] -Algerian-French painter (d. 1960)

1913 - [[Wally Parks]] -American businessman, founded the National Hot Rod Association (d. 2007)

1915 - [[Herma Bauma]] -Austrian javelin thrower and handball player (d. 2003)

1915 - [[W. Arthur Lewis]] -Saint Lucian-Barbadian economist and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)

1915 - [[Potter Stewart]] -American lawyer and judge (d. 1985)

1916 - [[David Douglas Duncan]] -American photographer and journalist

1916 - [[Airey Neave]] -English colonel, lawyer, and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (d. 1979)

1918 - [[Gertrude B. Elion]] -American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)

1919 - [[Frances Bay]] -Canadian-American actress (d. 2011)

1919 - [[Hans Hass]] -Austrian biologist and diver (d. 2013)

1919 - [[Ernie Kovacs]] -American actor and game show host (d. 1962)

1919 - [[Bob Paisley]] -English footballer and manager (d. 1996)

1920 - [[Henry Eriksson]] -Swedish runner (d. 2000)

1920 - [[Walter Frederick Morrison]] -American businessman; invented the Frisbee (d. 2010)

1922 - [[Leon Golub]] -American painter (d. 2004)

1923 - [[Horace Ashenfelter]] -American runner

1923 - [[Cot Deal]] -American baseball player and coach (d. 2013)

1923 - [[Walter M. Miller, Jr.]] -American soldier and author (d. 1996)

1924 - [[Frank Lautenberg]] -American soldier and politician (d. 2013)

1925 - [[Marty Paich]] -American pianist, composer, producer, and conductor (d. 1995)

1926 - [[Kyriakos Matsis]] -Cypriot EOKA member (d. 1958)

1926 - [[Bal Thackeray]] -Indian journalist, cartoonist, and politician (d. 2012)

1927 - [[Lars-Eric Lindblad]] -Swedish-American businessman and explorer (d. 1994)

1927 - [[Jack Quinlan]] -American sportscaster (d. 1965)

1927 - [[Fred Williams]] -Australian painter (d. 1982)

1928 - [[Chico Carrasquel]] -Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2005)

1928 - [[Jeanne Moreau]] -French actress, singer, director, and screenwriter

1929 - [[Filaret (Denysenko)|Filaret]] -Ukrainian patriarch

1929 - [[Myron Cope]] -American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2008)

1929 - [[Phillip Knightley]] -Australian journalist, author, and critic

1929 - [[John Polanyi]] -German-Canadian chemist and academic; Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate

1930 - [[William R. Pogue]] -American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2014)

1930 - [[Derek Walcott]] -Saint Lucian poet and playwright; Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate

1932 - [[George Allen (footballer)|George Allen]] -English footballer

1932 - [[Bill Sharpe (athlete)|Bill Sharpe]] -American triple jumper

1932 - [[Larri Thomas]] -American actress and dancer (d. 2013)

1933 - [[Chita Rivera]] -American actress, singer, and dancer

1934 - [[Pierre Bourgault]] -Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2003)

1935 - [[Mike Agostini]] -Trinidadian sprinter

1935 - [[Robert Parris Moses]] -American educator and activist

1935 - [[Tom Reamy]] -American author (d. 1977)

1935 - [[Teresa Żylis-Gara]] -Lithuanian-Polish soprano

1936 - [[Brian Howe (politician)|Brian Howe]] -Australian minister and politician; 8th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia

1936 - [[Jerry Kramer]] -American football player and sportscaster

1936 - [[Cécile Ousset]] -French pianist

1938 - [[Giant Baba]] -Japanese wrestler and promoter, founded All Japan Pro Wrestling (d. 1999)

1938 - [[Georg Baselitz]] -German painter and sculptor

1939 - [[Sonny Chiba]] -Japanese actor and martial artist

1940 - [[Alan Cheuse]] -American author, critic, and academic (d. 2015)

1941 - [[João Ubaldo Ribeiro]] -Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (d. 2014)

1942 - [[Abdur Razzak (actor)|Abdur Razzak]] -Indian-Bangladeshi actor and producer

1942 - [[Herman Tjeenk Willink]] -Dutch judge and politician

1943 - [[Gary Burton]] -American vibraphone player and composer

1943 - [[Özhan Canaydın]] -Turkish basketball player and businessman (d. 2010)

1943 - [[Gil Gerard]] -American actor and producer

1944 - [[Rutger Hauer]] -Dutch actor, director, and producer

1945 - [[Mike Harris]] -Canadian politician, 22nd Premier of Ontario

1946 - [[Arnoldo Alemán]] -Nicaraguan lawyer and politician, President of Nicaragua

1946 - [[Boris Berezovsky (businessman)|Boris Berezovsky]] -Russian-English businessman and mathematician (d. 2013)

1946 - [[Zvonko Bušić]] -Croatian terrorist, hijacker of TWA Flight 355 (d. 2013)

1947 - [[Tom Carper]] -American captain and politician, 71st Governor of Delaware

1947 - [[Megawati Sukarnoputri]] -Indonesian politician, 5th President of Indonesia

1948 - [[David F. Ford]] -Irish theologian and academic

1950 - [[Richard Dean Anderson]] -American actor, producer, and composer

1950 - [[Danny Federici]] -American accordion player (E Street Band) (d. 2008)

1951 - [[Margaret Bailes]] -American sprinter

1951 - [[David Patrick Kelly]] -American actor and composer

1951 - [[Chesley Sullenberger]] -American captain and pilot

1952 - [[Omar Henry]] -South African cricketer

1953 - [[John Luther Adams]] -American composer

1953 - [[Alister McGrath]] -Irish historian and theologian

1953 - [[Antonio Villaraigosa]] -American politician, 41st Mayor of Los Angeles

1953 - [[Robin Zander]] -American singer and guitarist

1954 - [[Franco De Vita]] -Venezuelan singer-songwriter

1954 - [[Richard Finch (musician)|Richard Finch]] -American bass player, songwriter, and producer (KC and the Sunshine Band)

1954 - [[Edward Ka-Spel]] -English singer-songwriter

1957 - [[Lou Schuler]] -American journalist and author

1958 - [[Sergey Litvinov]] -Russian hammer thrower

1959 - [[Clive Bull]] -English radio host

1960 - [[Patrick de Gayardon]] -French sky diver (d. 1998)

1960 - [[Leilani Kai]] -American wrestler and trainer

1960 - [[Jean-François Sauvé]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1961 - [[Mas Selamat bin Kastari]] -Indonesian-Singaporean criminal

1961 - [[Yelena Sinchukova]] -Russian long jumper

1962 - [[David Arnold]] -English composer

1962 - [[Aivar Lillevere]] -Estonian footballer and coach

1962 - [[Elvira Lindo]] -Spanish journalist and author

1962 - [[Richard Roxburgh]] -Australian actor and producer

1963 - [[Gail O'Grady]] -American actress

1964 - [[Jonatha Brooke]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Story (American band)|The Story)

1964 - [[Mariska Hargitay]] -American actress and producer

1964 - [[Bharrat Jagdeo]] -Guyanese economist and politician, 7th President of Guyana

1964 - [[Mario Roberge]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1965 - [[Louie Clemente]] -American drummer

1966 - [[Oleg Sakirkin]] -Kazakhstani triple jumper (d. 2015)

1966 - [[Haywoode Workman]] -American basketball player and referee

1967 - [[Naim Süleymanoğlu]] -Bulgarian-Turkish weightlifter and politician

1968 - [[Taro Hakase]] -Japanese musician and composer

1968 - [[Petr Korda]] -Czech-Monacan tennis player

1969 - [[Ariadna Gil]] -Spanish actress

1969 - [[Andrei Kanchelskis]] -Ukrainian-Russian footballer and manager

1969 - [[Brendan Shanahan]] -Canadian ice hockey player and actor

1969 - [[Susen Tiedtke]] -German long jumper

1970 - [[Constantina Diță]] -Romanian-American runner

1970 - [[Oleg Ovsyannikov]] -Russian ice dancer

1970 - [[Spyridon Vasdekis]] -Greek long jumper

1971 - [[Marc Nelson]] -American singer-songwriter

1971 - [[Adam Parore]] -New Zealand cricketer and mountaineer

1972 - [[Ewen Bremner]] -Scottish actor

1972 - [[Marcel Wouda]] -Dutch swimmer and coach

1973 - [[Tomas Holmström]] -Swedish ice hockey player

1973 - [[Epi Quizon]] -Filipino actor

1974 - [[Sampsa Astala]] -Finnish singer-songwriter and drummer

1974 - [[Joël Bouchard]] -Canadian ice hockey player and manager

1974 - [[Rebekah Elmaloglou]] -French-Australian actress

1974 - [[Christian Longo]] -murderer

1974 - [[Yosvani Pérez]] -Cuban baseball player

1974 - [[Richard T. Slone]] -English painter

1974 - [[Tiffani Thiessen]] -American actress, singer, and producer

1976 - [[Brandon Duckworth]] -American baseball player

1976 - [[Angelica Lee]] -Malaysian-Taiwanese actress and singer

1976 - [[Nigel McGuinness]] -English-American wrestler

1976 - [[Tsuyoshi Muro]] -Japanese actor

1976 - [[Harmen Fraanje]] -Dutch pianist

1977 - [[Kamal Heer]] -Indian singer-songwriter

1979 - [[Larry Hughes]] -American basketball player

1979 - [[Juan Rincón]] -Venezuelan baseball player

1981 - [[Rob Friend]] -Canadian footballer

1981 - [[Julia Jones]] -American actress

1981 - [[Sarai (rapper)|Sarai]] -American rapper and actress

1982 - [[Patrick Levis]] -American actor

1982 - [[Wily Mo Peña]] -Dominican baseball player

1982 - [[Andrew Rock]] -American sprinter

1983 - [[Irving Saladino]] -Panamanian long jumper

1984 - [[Robbie Farah]] -Australian rugby player

1984 - [[Arjen Robben]] -Dutch footballer

1985 - [[Dong Fangzhuo]] -Chinese footballer

1985 - [[Doutzen Kroes]] -Dutch model and actress

1985 - [[Yevgeny Lukyanenko]] -Russian pole vaulter

1985 - [[Aselefech Mergia]] -Ethiopian runner

1986 - [[Gelete Burka]] -Etihopian runner

1986 - [[José Enrique Sánchez]] -Spanish footballer

1986 - [[Steven Taylor (footballer)|Steven Taylor]] -English footballer

1987 - [[Felicia Brandström]] -Swedish singer

1987 - [[Leo Komarov]] -Finnish ice hockey player

1989 - [[April Pearson]] -English actress

1990 - [[Şener Özbayraklı]] -Turkish footballer

1990 - [[Alex Silva (wrestler)|Alex Silva]] -Canadian wrestler

1990 - [[Martyn Waghorn]] -English footballer

1992 - [[Reina Triendl]] -Japanese model

1994 - [[Wesley Jobello]] -French footballer

History of Deaths


1002 - [[Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor]] -(b. 980)

1199 - [[Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur]] -Moroccan caliph (b. 1160)

1516 - [[Ferdinand II of Aragon]] -(b. 1452)

1548 - [[Bernardo Pisano]] -Italian priest, scholar, and composer (b. 1490)

1549 - [[Johannes Honter]] -Romanian-Hungarian cartographer and theologian (b. 1498)

1567 - [[Jiajing Emperor]] -of China (b. 1507)

1570 - [[James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray]] -Scottish politician (b. 1531)

1622 - [[William Baffin]] -English explorer and navigator

1678 - [[William Curtius]] -FRS, German magistrate, English baronet; official resident of the English Crown in the Holy Roman Empire, b. (1599).

1744 - [[Giambattista Vico]] -Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)

1785 - [[Matthew Stewart (mathematician)|Matthew Stewart]] -Scottish mathematician and academic (b. 1717)

1789 - [[Frances Brooke]] -English author and playwright (b. 1724)

1789 - [[John Cleland]] -English author (b. 1709)

1800 - [[Edward Rutledge]] -American captain and politician, 39th Governor of South Carolina (b. 1749)

1803 - [[Arthur Guinness]] -Irish brewer, founded Guinness (b. 1725)

1805 - [[Claude Chappe]] -French engineer (b. 1763)

1806 - [[William Pitt the Younger]] -English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)

1810 - [[Johann Wilhelm Ritter]] -German chemist and physicist (b. 1776)

1812 - [[Robert Craufurd]] -Scottish general and politician (b. 1764)

1820 - [[Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn]] -(b. 1767)

1833 - [[Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth]] -English admiral and politician (b. 1757)

1837 - [[John Field (composer)|John Field]] -Irish pianist and composer (b. 1782)

1866 - [[Thomas Love Peacock]] -English author and poet (b. 1785)

1875 - [[Charles Kingsley]] -English priest and author (b. 1819)

1883 - [[Gustave Doré]] -French engraver and illustrator (b. 1832)

1893 - [[José Zorrilla]] -Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1817)

1893 - [[Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II]] -American lawyer and politician; 16th United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1825)

1921 - [[Mykola Leontovych]] -Ukrainian composer and conductor (b. 1877)

1922 - [[Arthur Nikisch]] -Hungarian conductor and academic (b. 1855)

1923 - [[Max Nordau]] -Austrian physician and author (b. 1849)

1931 - [[Anna Pavlova]] -Russian-English ballerina (b. 1881)

1937 - [[Orso Mario Corbino]] -Italian physicist and politician (b. 1876)

1938 - [[Albertson Van Zo Post]] -American fencer and engineer (b. 1866)

1939 - [[Matthias Sindelar]] -Austrian footballer and manager (b. 1903)

1943 - [[Alexander Woollcott]] -American actor and journalist (b. 1887)

1944 - [[Edvard Munch]] -Norwegian painter and illustrator (b. 1863)

1947 - [[Pierre Bonnard]] -French painter (b. 1867)

1956 - [[Alexander Korda]] -Hungarian-English director and producer (b. 1893)

1957 - [[Willie Edwards]] -American murder victim (b. 1932)

1963 - [[Józef Gosławski (sculptor)|Józef Gosławski]] -Polish sculptor (b. 1908)

1966 - [[T. M. Sabaratnam]] -Sri Lankan lawyer and politician (d. 1895)

1971 - [[Fritz Feigl]] -Austrian-Brazilian chemist and academic (b. 1871)

1973 - [[Alexander Onassis]] -American-Greek businessman (b. 1948)

1973 - [[Kid Ory]] -American trombonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1886)

1976 - [[Paul Dupuis]] -Canadian actor (b. 1913)

1976 - [[Paul Robeson]] -American actor, singer, and activist (b. 1898)

1977 - [[Toots Shor]] -American businessman, founded Toots Shor's Restaurant (b. 1903)

1978 - [[Terry Kath]] -American guitarist and songwriter (Chicago (band)|Chicago) (b. 1946)

1978 - [[Jack Oakie]] -American actor and singer (b. 1903)

1980 - [[Giovanni Michelotti]] -Italian engineer (b. 1921)

1981 - [[Samuel Barber]] -American pianist and composer (b. 1910)

1983 - [[Fred Bakewell]] -English cricketer and coach (b. 1908)

1984 - [[Muin Bseiso]] -Palestinian-Egyptian poet and critic (b. 1926)

1986 - [[Joseph Beuys]] -German sculptor and painter (b. 1921)

1988 - [[Charles Glen King]] -American biochemist and academic (b. 1896)

1989 - [[Salvador Dalí]] -Spanish painter and sculptor (b. 1904)

1989 - [[Lars-Erik Torph]] -Swedish race car driver (b. 1961)

1990 - [[Allen Collins]] -American guitarist and songwriter (Lynyrd Skynyrd, Rossington Collins Band, and Allen Collins Band) (b. 1952)

1991 - [[Northrop Frye]] -Canadian author and critic (b. 1912)

1992 - [[Freddie Bartholomew]] -English-American actor and singer (b. 1924)

1993 - [[Thomas A. Dorsey]] -American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1899)

1993 - [[Keith Laumer]] -American author (b. 1925)

1994 - [[Nikolai Ogarkov]] -Russian field marshal (b. 1917)

1994 - [[Brian Redhead]] -English journalist and author (b. 1929)

1997 - [[Richard Berry (musician)|Richard Berry]] -American singer-songwriter (b. 1935)

1999 - [[Joe D'Amato]] -Italian director and cinematographer (b. 1936)

1999 - [[Jay Pritzker]] -American businessman, co-founded the Hyatt|Hyatt Corporation (b. 1922)

1999 - [[Lincoln Thompson]] -Jamaican-English singer-songwriter (b. 1949)

2002 - [[Paul Aars]] -American race car driver (b. 1934)

2002 - [[Pierre Bourdieu]] -French sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher (b. 1930)

2002 - [[Robert Nozick]] -American philosopher, author, and academic (b. 1938)

2003 - [[Nell Carter]] -American actress and singer (b. 1948)

2004 - [[Bob Keeshan]] -American actor and producer (b. 1927)

2004 - [[Helmut Newton]] -German-Australian photographer (b. 1920)

2005 - [[Morys Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare]] -English lieutenant and politician (b. 1921)

2005 - [[Johnny Carson]] -American actor, producer, and talk show host (b. 1925)

2006 - [[Ernie Baron]] -Filipino broadcaster and inventor (b. 1940)

2007 - [[Syed Hussein Alatas]] -Malaysian sociologist and politician (b. 1928)

2007 - [[E. Howard Hunt]] -American CIA officer (b. 1918)

2007 - [[Ryszard Kapuściński]] -Polish journalist and author (b. 1932)

2007 - [[Tatiana Mamaki]] -Greek dancer and choreographer (b. 1921)

2009 - [[Robert W. Scott]] -American farmer and politician; 67th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)

2010 - [[Kermit Tyler]] -American colonel (b. 1913)

2011 - [[Jack LaLanne]] -American fitness instructor, author, and television host (b. 1914)

2012 - [[Marcel De Boodt]] -Belgian agriculturalist and academic (b. 1926)

2012 - [[Stig Vig]] -Swedish singer and bass player (Dag Vag) (b. 1948)

2013 - [[Józef Glemp]] -Polish cardinal (b. 1929)

2013 - [[Peter van der Merwe (cricketer)|Peter van der Merwe]] -South African cricketer and referee (b. 1937)

2014 - [[Yuri Izrael]] -Russian meteorologist and journalist (b. 1930)

2014 - [[Mille Markovic]] -Serbian-Swedish boxer (b. 1961)

2014 - [[Riz Ortolani]] -Italian composer and conductor (b. 1926)

2014 - [[Jan Pesman]] -Dutch speed skater (b. 1931)

2014 - [[Khin Yu May]] -Burmese actress and singer (b. 1937)

2015 - [[Ernie Banks]] -American baseball player and coach (b. 1931)

2015 - [[Prosper Ego]] -Dutch activist; founded Oud-Strijders Legioen (b. 1927)

2015 - [[Abdullah of Saudi Arabia]] -(b. 1924)

2015 - [[Jackie Selebi]] -South African police officer (b. 1950)

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