This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-26

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


1500 - [[Vicente Yáñez Pinzón]] -becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.

1531 - [[Lisbon]] -Portugal is hit by an 1531 Lisbon earthquake|earthquake—thousands die.

1564 - [[Council of Trent]] -issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1564 - [[Grand Duchy of Lithuania]] -defeats the Tsardom of Russia in the Battle of Ula during the Livonian War.

1565 - [[Battle of Talikota]] -fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.

1589 - [[Patriarch Job of Moscow|Job]] -is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

1699 - [[Treaty of Karlowitz]] -is signed.

1700 - [[Richter magnitude scale|magnitude]] -9 1700 Cascadia earthquake|Cascadia Earthquake takes place off the west coast of North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.

1736 - [[Stanislaus I of Poland]] -abdicates his throne.

1788 - [[First Fleet]] -led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Port Jackson|Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent. Commemorated as Australia Day.

1808 - [[Rum Rebellion]] -the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.

1837 - [[Michigan]] -is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.

1838 - [[Tennessee]] -enacts the first prohibition law in the United States

1841 - [[cession|cedes]] -

1855 - [[Point No Point Treaty]] -is signed in Washington Territory.

1856 - [[Battle of Seattle (1856)|Battle of Seattle]] -Marines from the {{USS|Decatur|1839|6}} drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.

1861 - [[American Civil War]] -The state of Louisiana History of Louisiana#Secession and the Civil War (1860–1865)|secedes from the Union.

1863 - [[Ambrose Burnside]] -is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Battle of Fredericksburg|Fredericksburg campaign. He is replaced by Joseph Hooker.

1863 - [[Governor of Massachusetts]] -John Albion Andrew receives permission from the United States Secretary of War|Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.

1870 - [[Virginia]] -History of Virginia#Reconstruction|rejoins the Union.

1885 - [[Muhammad Ahmad|The Mahdi]] -conquer Siege of Khartoum|Khartoum, killing the Governor-General Charles George Gordon.

1905 - [[diamond]] -ever, the Cullinan Diamond|Cullinan weighing {{convert|3106.75|carat|kg}}, is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa.

1907 - [[Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III]] -is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the second oldest military rifle still in official use.

1911 - [[Glenn H. Curtiss]] -flies the first successful American seaplane.

1911 - [[Richard Strauss]] -opera ''Der Rosenkavalier'' receives its debut performance at the Semperoper|Dresden State Opera.

1915 - [[Rocky Mountain National Park]] -is established by an act of the U.S. Congress.

1918 - [[Finnish Civil War]] -A group of Red Guards (Finland)|Red Guards hangs a red lantern atop the tower of Helsinki Workers' Hall to symbolically mark the start of the war.

1920 - [[Ford Motor Company]] -executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

1924 - [[Saint Petersburg]] -Russia, is renamed Leningrad.

1930 - [[Indian National Congress]] -declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Purna Swaraj|Poorna Swaraj ("Complete Independence") which occurred 17 years later.

1934 - [[Apollo Theater]] -reopens in Harlem, New York City.

1934 - [[German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact]] -is signed.

1942 - [[World War II]] -The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.

1945 - [[Red Army]] -Heiligenbeil Pocket|begins encircling the 4th Army (Wehrmacht)|German Fourth Army near Heiligenbeil Pocket|Heiligenbeil in East Prussia, which will end in destruction of the 4th Army two months later.

1945 - [[Audie Murphy]] -in action for which he will be awarded the Medal of Honor.

1949 - [[Hale telescope]] -at Palomar Observatory sees First light (astronomy)|first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until BTA-6 is built in 1976).

1950 - [[Constitution of India]] -coming into force|comes into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first President of India. Observed as Republic Day (India)|Republic Day in India.

1952 - [[Cairo Fire|Black Saturday]] -in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.

1956 - [[Porkkala]] -back to Finland.

1958 - [[Awaji Island]] -Japan, 167 killed.

1960 - [[Danny Heater]] -sets a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he records 135 points for Burnsville High School (West Virginia)

1961 - [[John F. Kennedy]] -appoints Janet G. Travell to be his physician. This is the first time a woman holds the appointment of Physician to the President.

1962 - [[Ranger program]] -Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon. The space probe later misses the moon by 22,000 miles (35,400 km).

1965 - [[Hindi]] -becomes the official language of India.

1966 - [[Beaumont children disappearance|Beaumont Children]] -go missing from Glenelg, South Australia|Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.

1978 - [[Great Blizzard of 1978]] -a rare blizzard|severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US until October 2010 North American storm complex|October 2010, strikes the Ohio

1980 - [[Israel]] -and Egypt establish diplomacy|diplomatic relations.

1986 - [[Tito Okello]] -is overthrown by the National Resistance Army, led by Yoweri Museveni.

1991 - [[Siad Barre|Mohamed Siad Barre]] -is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi Muhammad|Ali Mahdi.

1992 - [[Boris Yeltsin]] -announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.

1998 - [[Lewinsky scandal]] -On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had "Lewinsky scandal|sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

2001 - [[earthquake]] -hits 2001 Gujarat earthquake|Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.

2004 - [[Hamid Karzai]] -signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

2004 - [[exploding whale|whale explodes]] -in the town of Tainan City|Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.

2005 - [[Glendale train crash]] -Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.

2009 - [[Antananarivo]] -Madagascar, sparking a 2009 Malagasy political crisis|political crisis that will result in the replacement of President of Madagascar|President Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina.

2015 - [[January 2015 nor'easter|snow storm]] -hits much of the Northeastern United States.

2015 - [[2015 Los Llanos Air Base crash|crash]] -at Los Llanos Air Base in Albacete, Spain kills 11 people and injures 21 others.

2015 - [[Church of England]] -ordains Libby Lane as its first female bishop.

Famous Birthdays


1497 - [[Emperor Go-Nara]] -of Japan (d. 1557)

1541 - [[Florent Chrestien]] -French poet and translator (d. 1596)

1595 - [[Antonio Maria Abbatini]] -Italian composer (d. 1679)

1708 - [[William Hayes (composer)|William Hayes]] -English organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1777)

1714 - [[Jean-Baptiste Pigalle]] -French sculptor (d. 1785)

1716 - [[George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville]] -English general and politician; Secretary of State for the Colonies (d. 1785)

1722 - [[Alexander Carlyle]] -Scottish minister and author (d. 1805)

1761 - [[Jens Zetlitz]] -Norwegian priest and poet (d. 1821)

1763 - [[Charles XIV John of Sweden]] -(d. 1844)

1781 - [[Ludwig Achim von Arnim]] -German poet and author (d. 1831)

1813 - [[Juan Pablo Duarte]] -Dominican philosopher and poet (d. 1876)

1826 - [[Julia Grant]] -American wife of Ulysses S. Grant; 19th List of First Ladies of the United States|First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)

1832 - [[George Shiras, Jr.]] -American lawyer and jurist (d. 1924)

1842 - [[François Coppée]] -French poet and author (d. 1908)

1852 - [[Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza]] -Italian-French explorer (d. 1905)

1864 - [[József Pusztai]] -Slovene-Hungarian poet and journalist (d. 1934)

1866 - [[John Cady (golfer)|John Cady]] -American golfer (d. 1933)

1878 - [[Dave Nourse]] -English-South African cricketer and coach (d. 1948)

1880 - [[Douglas MacArthur]] -American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)

1882 - [[André Rischmann]] -French rugby player (d. 1955)

1885 - [[Michael Considine]] -Irish-Australian politician (d. 1959)

1887 - [[François Faber]] -French-Luxembourgian cyclist (d. 1915)

1887 - [[Marc Mitscher]] -American admiral and pilot (d. 1947)

1891 - [[Frank Costello]] -Italian-American mob boss (d. 1973)

1891 - [[August Froehlich]] -German priest and martyr (d. 1942)

1891 - [[Wilder Penfield]] -American-Canadian neurosurgeon and academic (d. 1976)

1892 - [[Bessie Coleman]] -American pilot (d. 1926)

1892 - [[Zara Cully]] -American actress (d. 1978)

1893 - [[Giuseppe Genco Russo]] -Italian mob boss (d. 1976)

1899 - [[Günther Reindorff]] -Russian-Estonian graphic designer and illustrator (d. 1974)

1900 - [[Karl Ristenpart]] -German conductor (d. 1967)

1902 - [[Jokichi Ikarashi]] -Japanese super-centenarian (d. 2013)

1902 - [[Menno ter Braak]] -Dutch author (d. 1940)

1904 - [[Ancel Keys]] -American physiologist and nutritionist (d. 2004)

1904 - [[Seán MacBride]] -Irish lawyer and politician; Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade|Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)

1905 - [[Charles Lane (actor)|Charles Lane]] -American actor and singer (d. 2007)

1905 - [[Maria von Trapp]] -Austrian-American singer (d. 1987)

1907 - [[Dimitrios Holevas]] -Greek priest (d. 2001)

1908 - [[Jill Esmond]] -English actress (d. 1990)

1908 - [[Rupprecht Geiger]] -German painter and sculptor (d. 2009)

1908 - [[Stéphane Grappelli]] -French violinist (d. 1997)

1910 - [[Jean Image]] -Hungarian-French animator, director, and screenwriter (d. 1989)

1911 - [[Polykarp Kusch]] -German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)

1911 - [[Norbert Schultze]] -German composer and conductor (d. 2002)

1913 - [[Jimmy Van Heusen]] -American pianist and composer (d. 1990)

1914 - [[Princess Durru Shehvar]] -of the Ottoman Empire (d. 2006)

1915 - [[William Hopper]] -American actor (d. 1970)

1917 - [[Louis Zamperini]] -American runner and captain (d. 2014)

1918 - [[Nicolae Ceaușescu]] -Romanian general and politician, 1st President of Romania (d. 1989)

1918 - [[Philip José Farmer]] -American author (d. 2009)

1919 - [[Valentino Mazzola]] -Italian footballer (d. 1949)

1919 - [[Bill Nicholson (footballer)|Bill Nicholson]] -English footballer and manager (d. 2004)

1920 - [[Hans Holzer]] -Austrian-American paranormal researcher and author (d. 2009)

1921 - [[Eddie Barclay]] -French record producer, founded Barclay Records (d. 2005)

1921 - [[Akio Morita]] -Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (d. 1999)

1922 - [[Michael Bentine]] -English actor and screenwriter (d. 1996)

1922 - [[Seán Flanagan]] -Irish footballer and politician; 7th Minister for Health (Ireland)|Irish Minister for Health (d. 1993)

1922 - [[Ellen Vogel]] -Dutch actress (d. 2015)

1923 - [[Patrick J. Hannifin]] -American admiral (d. 2014)

1923 - [[Patricia Hughes]] -English radio host (d. 2013)

1923 - [[Anne Jeffreys]] -American actress and singer

1924 - [[Alice Babs]] -Swedish singer and actress (d. 2014)

1924 - [[Annette Strauss]] -American philanthropist and politician; Mayor of Dallas (d. 1998)

1925 - [[David Jenkins (bishop)|David Jenkins]] -English bishop and theologian

1925 - [[Joan Leslie]] -American actress and singer

1925 - [[Paul Newman]] -American actor, director, race car driver, and businessman; co-founded Newman's Own (d. 2008)

1925 - [[Ben Pucci]] -American football player and sportscaster (d. 2013)

1925 - [[Claude Ryan]] -Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2004)

1926 - [[Farman Fatehpuri]] -Pakistani linguist and scholar (d. 2013)

1926 - [[Joseph Bacon Fraser, Jr.]] -American businessman, co-founded the Sea Pines Company (d. 2014)

1927 - [[José Azcona del Hoyo]] -Honduran politician; President of Honduras (d. 2005)

1927 - [[Bob Nieman]] -American baseball player and scout (d. 1985)

1927 - [[Hubert Schieth]] -German footballer and manager (d. 2013)

1928 - [[Roger Vadim]] -French actor and director (d. 2000)

1929 - [[Jules Feiffer]] -American cartoonist, screenwriter, and educator

1929 - [[Gordon Solie]] -American wrestling announcer (d. 2000)

1930 - [[Napoleon Abueva]] -Filipino sculptor

1931 - [[Alfred Lynch]] -English actor (d. 2003)

1931 - [[Mary Murphy (actress)|Mary Murphy]] -American actress (d. 2011)

1932 - [[George Clements]] -American priest and activist

1932 - [[Coxsone Dodd]] -Jamaican record producer (d. 2004)

1933 - [[Ercole Baldini]] -Italian cyclist

1934 - [[Roger Landry]] -Canadian businessman and publisher

1934 - [[Charles Marowitz]] -American director, playwright, and critic

1935 - [[Corrado Augias]] -Italian journalist and politician

1935 - [[Bob Uecker]] -American baseball player and sportscaster

1936 - [[Sal Buscema]] -American illustrator

1936 - [[Theophanis Lamboukas]] -Greek-French actor and singer (d. 1970)

1936 - [[Huey "Piano" Smith]] -American pianist

1937 - [[Joseph Saidu Momoh]] -Sierra Leonean soldier and politician; 2nd President of Sierra Leone (d. 2003)

1940 - [[Séamus Hegarty]] -Irish bishop

1941 - [[Scott Glenn]] -American actor

1941 - [[Henry Jaglom]] -English-American director and screenwriter

1941 - [[Joan A. Steitz]] -molecular biologist and academic

1942 - [[Soad Hosny]] -Egyptian actress and singer (d. 2001)

1943 - [[César Gutiérrez]] -Venezuelan baseball player and manager (d. 2005)

1943 - [[Jean Knight]] -American singer

1943 - [[Jack Warner (football executive)|Jack Warner]] -Trinidadian businessman and politician

1944 - [[Angela Davis]] -American activist, author, and scholar

1944 - [[Jerry Sandusky]] -American football player and coach

1945 - [[Jacqueline du Pré]] -English cellist (d. 1987)

1945 - [[David Purley]] -English race car driver (d. 1985)

1946 - [[Christopher Hampton]] -Portuguese-English director, screenwriter, and playwright

1946 - [[Gene Siskel]] -American journalist and critic (d. 1999)

1947 - [[Patrick Dewaere]] -French actor and composer (d. 1982)

1947 - [[Les Ebdon]] -English chemist and academic

1947 - [[Redmond Morris, 4th Baron Killanin]] -Irish peer, director, producer, and production manager

1947 - [[Michel Sardou]] -French singer-songwriter and actor

1949 - [[Jonathan Carroll]] -American author

1949 - [[David Strathairn]] -American actor

1950 - [[Jörg Haider]] -Austrian lawyer and politician; List of governors of Carinthia|Governor of Carinthia (d. 2008)

1953 - [[Alik L. Alik]] -Micronesian politician, 7th Vice President of the Federated States of Micronesia

1953 - [[Anders Fogh Rasmussen]] -Danish politician and diplomat; 39th Prime Minister of Denmark and 12th Secretary General of NATO

1953 - [[Lucinda Williams]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1954 - [[Kim Hughes]] -Australian cricketer and sportscaster

1955 - [[Eddie Van Halen]] -Dutch-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Van Halen)

1957 - [[Shivlal Yadav]] -Indian cricketer and manager

1958 - [[Anita Baker]] -American singer-songwriter

1958 - [[Ellen DeGeneres]] -American comedian, actress, and talk show host

1958 - [[Salvador Sánchez]] -Mexican boxer (d. 1982)

1960 - [[Road Warrior Animal]] -American wrestler

1960 - [[Charlie Gillingham]] -American pianist and accordion player

1961 - [[Li Cunxin]] -Chinese-Australian ballet dancer

1961 - [[Wayne Gretzky]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1961 - [[Tom Keifer]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Cinderella (band)|Cinderella)

1962 - [[Guo Jian]] -Chinese-Australian painter

1962 - [[Oscar Ruggeri]] -Argentinian footballer and manager

1963 - [[Riddell Akua]] -Nauruan politician

1963 - [[José Mourinho]] -Portuguese footballer and manager

1963 - [[Andrew Ridgeley]] -English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1963 - [[Gisela Valcárcel]] -Peruvian actress and publisher; founded ''Gisela (magazine)|Gisela''

1964 - [[Paul Johansson]] -American-Canadian actor and director

1965 - [[Thomas Östros]] -Swedish politician

1965 - [[Natalia Yurchenko]] -Russian gymnast and coach

1967 - [[Bryan Callen]] -American actor and screenwriter

1967 - [[Anatoly Komm]] -Russian chef and businessman

1967 - [[Toshiyuki Morikawa]] -Japanese voice actor

1967 - [[Col Needham]] -English businessman; co-founded the Internet Movie Database

1967 - [[Pradip Somasundaran]] -Indian singer

1968 - [[Ravi Teja]] -Indian actor and singer

1969 - [[George Dikeoulakos]] -Greek-Romanian basketball player and coach

1969 - [[Michael O'Hearn]] -American bodybuilder and actor

1970 - [[Kirk Franklin]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (One Nation Crew)

1970 - [[Tracy Middendorf]] -American actress

1971 - [[Dorian Gregory]] -American actor

1971 - [[Deathprod]] -(Helge Sten), Norwegian ambient music artist and music producer (Supersilent, Motorpsycho, Biosphere)

1973 - [[Melvil Poupaud]] -French actor, director, and screenwriter

1973 - [[Mayu Shinjo]] -Japanese author and illustrator

1973 - [[Brendan Rodgers]] -Irish footballer and manager

1974 - [[Rokia Traoré]] -Malian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1976 - [[Hitomi]] -Japanese singer-songwriter and actress

1976 - [[Willie Adler]] -American guitarist and songwriter

1977 - [[Vince Carter]] -American basketball player

1977 - [[Justin Gimelstob]] -American tennis player and coach

1978 - [[Atsuko Kurusu]] -Japanese actress

1978 - [[Corina Morariu]] -American tennis player and sportscaster

1978 - [[Kelly Stables]] -American actress

1979 - [[Sara Rue]] -American actress and producer

1980 - [[Ertuğrul Arslan]] -Turkish footballer

1980 - [[Sanae Kobayashi]] -Japanese voice actress

1981 - [[José de Jesús Corona]] -Mexican footballer

1981 - [[Gustavo Dudamel]] -Venezuelan violinist, composer, and conductor

1981 - [[Juan José Haedo]] -Argentinian cyclist

1981 - [[Volador Jr.]] -Mexican wrestler

1981 - [[Colin O'Donoghue]] -Irish actor and singer

1982 - [[Gō Ayano]] -Japanese actor

1982 - [[Yuki Koyanagi]] -Japanese singer

1982 - [[Brahim Takioullah]] -Moroccan giant

1982 - [[Yasushi Tsujimoto]] -Japanese wrestler

1983 - [[Petri Oravainen]] -Finnish footballer

1983 - [[Lee Su-hwan (kickboxer)|Lee Su-hwan]] -South Korean kick-boxer

1984 - [[Wu Qian]] -Chinese pianist

1984 - [[Iain Turner]] -Scottish footballer

1984 - [[Luo Xuejuan]] -Chinese swimmer

1985 - [[Heather Stanning]] -English rower

1986 - [[Gerald Green]] -American basketball player

1986 - [[Matt Heafy]] -Japanese-American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Trivium (band)|Trivium and Capharnaum (band)|Capharnaum)

1986 - [[Mads Ibenfeldt]] -Danish footballer

1986 - [[Kim Jae-joong]] -South Korean singer-songwriter and actor (JYJ and TVXQ)

1986 - [[Thiago Pereira]] -Brazilian swimmer

1986 - [[Taylor Wilde]] -Canadian wrestler

1986 - [[Mustapha Yatabaré]] -French-Malian footballer

1986 - [[Kian Kazemi]] -Filipino-Persian actor

1987 - [[Mário Brandão da Silveira]] -Brazilian footballer

1987 - [[Sebastian Giovinco]] -Italian footballer

1987 - [[Mia Rose]] -English singer-songwriter

1988 - [[Dimitrios Chondrokoukis]] -Greek high jumper

1988 - [[Yukiyo Mine]] -Japanese softball player

1989 - [[MarShon Brooks]] -American basketball player

1989 - [[Emily Hughes]] -American figure skater

1989 - [[Lin Qingfeng]] -Chinese weightlifter

1990 - [[Christopher Massey]] -American actor and singer

1990 - [[Sergio Pérez]] -Mexican race car driver

1990 - [[Peter Sagan]] -Slovak cyclist

1993 - [[Cameron Bright]] -Canadian actor

1993 - [[Peter Čerešňák]] -Slovak ice hockey player

1993 - [[Florian Thauvin]] -French footballer

1996 - [[Igor Decraene]] -Belgian cyclist (d. 2014)

1996 - [[Tyger Drew-Honey]] -English actor and singer

History of Deaths


724 - [[Yazid II]] -Arab caliph (b. 687)

738 - [[John of Dailam]] -Syrian monk and saint (b. 660)

946 - [[Eadgyth]] -German wife of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 910)

1567 - [[Nicholas Wotton]] -English diplomat (b. 1497)

1630 - [[Henry Briggs (mathematician)|Henry Briggs]] -English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1556)

1636 - [[Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul]] -French diplomat (b. 1552)

1697 - [[Georg Mohr]] -Danish mathematician and theorist (b. 1640)

1744 - [[Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller]] -Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)

1750 - [[Albert Schultens]] -Dutch philologist and academic (b. 1686)

1795 - [[Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach]] -German harpsichord player and composer (b. 1732)

1799 - [[Gabriel Christie (British Army officer)|Gabriel Christie]] -Scottish general (b. 1722)

1823 - [[Edward Jenner]] -English physician and immunologist (b. 1749)

1824 - [[Théodore Géricault]] -French painter and lithographer (b. 1791)

1831 - [[Sangolli Rayanna]] -Indian soldier (b. 1798)

1849 - [[Thomas Lovell Beddoes]] -English poet, playwright, and physician (b. 1803)

1855 - [[Gérard de Nerval]] -French poet and translator (b. 1808)

1869 - [[Duncan Gordon Boyes]] -English soldier Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1846)

1870 - [[Victor de Broglie (1785–1870)|Victor de Broglie]] -French politician; 9th Prime Minister of France (b. 1785)

1885 - [[Edward Davy]] -English-Australian physician and engineer (b. 1806)

1885 - [[Charles George Gordon]] -English general (b. 1833)

1886 - [[David Rice Atchison]] -American general and politician (b. 1807)

1891 - [[Nikolaus Otto]] -German engineer, invented the Internal combustion engine (b. 1833)

1891 - [[Arthur Cayley]] -English mathematician and academic (b. 1825)

1893 - [[Abner Doubleday]] -American general (b. 1819)

1904 - [[Whitaker Wright]] -English businessman (b. 1846)

1926 - [[John Flannagan (priest)|John Flannagan]] -American priest and academic (b. 1860)

1932 - [[William Wrigley, Jr.]] -American businessman, founded the Wrigley Company (b. 1861)

1933 - [[Alva Belmont]] -American-French activist (b. 1853)

1942 - [[Felix Hausdorff]] -German mathematician and academic (b. 1868)

1943 - [[Harry H. Laughlin]] -American sociologist and eugenicist (b. 1880)

1943 - [[Nikolai Vavilov]] -Russian botanist and geneticist (b. 1887)

1946 - [[Oskar Kallas]] -Estonian linguist and diplomat (b. 1868)

1946 - [[Adriaan van Maanen]] -Dutch-American astronomer and academic (b. 1884)

1947 - [[Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten]] -(b. 1906)

1947 - [[Grace Moore]] -American soprano and actress (b. 1898)

1948 - [[Kâzım Karabekir]] -Turkish general and politician, 5th List of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey|Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (b. 1882)

1948 - [[John Lomax]] -American musicologist and academic (b. 1867)

1952 - [[Khorloogiin Choibalsan]] -Mongolian general and politician, 12th List of Prime Ministers of Mongolia|Prime Minister of Mongolia (b. 1895)

1953 - [[Athanase David]] -Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1882)

1961 - [[Stan Nichols]] -English cricketer (b. 1900)

1962 - [[Lucky Luciano]] -Italian-American mob boss (b. 1897)

1963 - [[H. S. Lloyd]] -English dog breeder (b. 1887)

1968 - [[Merrill C. Meigs]] -American publisher (b. 1883)

1973 - [[Edward G. Robinson]] -Romanian-American actor and singer (b. 1893)

1976 - [[João Branco Núncio]] -Portuguese bullfighter (b. 1901)

1977 - [[Filopimin Finos]] -Greek production manager and producer, founded Finos Film (b. 1908)

1977 - [[Margaret Hayes]] -American actress (b. 1916)

1979 - [[Nelson Rockefeller]] -American businessman and politician, 41st Vice President of the United States (b. 1908)

1980 - [[Simon Kapwepwe]] -Zambian politician; 2nd Vice President of Zambia (b. 1922)

1983 - [[Bear Bryant]] -American football player and coach (b. 1913)

1986 - [[A. J. P. Ponrajah]] -Sri Lankan engineer (b. 1927)

1988 - [[Ethelreda Leopold]] -American actress (b. 1914)

1990 - [[Bob Gerard]] -English race car driver and businessman (b. 1914)

1990 - [[Lewis Mumford]] -American sociologist and historian (b. 1895)

1992 - [[José Ferrer]] -Puerto Rican-American actor, singer, and director (b. 1912)

1993 - [[Jan Gies]] -Dutch businessman (b. 1905)

1993 - [[Robert Jacobsen]] -Danish sculptor and painter (b. 1912)

1993 - [[Jeanne Sauvé]] -Canadian journalist and politician, 23rd Governor General of Canada (b. 1922)

1995 - [[Pat Welsh (actress)|Pat Welsh]] -American actress (b. 1915)

1996 - [[Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg]] -(b. 1921)

1996 - [[Harold Brodkey]] -American author and academic (b. 1930)

1996 - [[Stevie Plunder]] -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Whitlams) (b. 1963)

1996 - [[Dave Schultz (wrestling)|Dave Schultz]] -American wrestler and coach (b. 1959)

1997 - [[Jeane Dixon]] -American astrologer and psychic (b. 1904)

1998 - [[Shinichi Suzuki (violinist)|Shinichi Suzuki]] -Japanese violinist and educator (b. 1898)

2000 - [[Don Budge]] -American tennis player and coach (b. 1915)

2000 - [[A. E. van Vogt]] -Canadian-American author (b. 1912)

2001 - [[Al McGuire]] -American basketball player and coach (b. 1928)

2003 - [[Valeriy Brumel]] -Russian high jumper (b. 1942)

2003 - [[Hugh Trevor-Roper]] -English historian and academic (b. 1917)

2003 - [[George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie]] -Scottish banker and politician; Secretary of State for Scotland (b. 1931)

2004 - [[Fred Haas]] -American golfer (b. 1916)

2006 - [[Len Carlson]] -Canadian actor and singer (b. 1937)

2006 - [[Roberto Mieres|Roberto Mières]] -Argentine racing driver (d. 1924)

2006 - [[Khan Abdul Wali Khan]] -Pakistani politician (b. 1917)

2007 - [[Gump Worsley]] -Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)

2008 - [[Christian Brando]] -American actor (b. 1958)

2008 - [[Paul the Octopus]] -English octopus (d. 2010)

2008 - [[Viktor Schreckengost]] -American sculptor and designer (b. 1906)

2010 - [[Louis Auchincloss]] -American lawyer, historian, and author (b. 1917)

2012 - [[Ian Abercrombie]] -English-American actor (b. 1934)

2012 - [[Clare Fischer]] -American keyboard player and composer (b. 1928)

2013 - [[Stefan Kudelski]] -Polish-Swiss engineer; invented the Nagra (b. 1929)

2013 - [[Patricia Lovell]] -Australian television host and producer (b. 1929)

2013 - [[Padma Kant Shukla]] -Indian physicist and academic (b. 1950)

2013 - [[Shōtarō Yasuoka]] -Japanese author (b. 1920)

2014 - [[Tom Gola]] -American basketball player, coach, and politician (b. 1933)

2014 - [[Paula Gruden]] -Slovenian-Australian poet and translator (b. 1921)

2014 - [[José Emilio Pacheco]] -Mexican poet and author (b. 1939)

2015 - [[R. K. Laxman]] -Indian illustrator (b. 1921)

2015 - [[Lucjan Lis]] -Polish-German cyclist (b. 1950)

2015 - [[Lee Spick]] -English snooker player (b. 1980)

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