This Day in History
Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
98 - [[Trajan]] -succeeded his adoptive father Nerva as Roman emperor; under his rule the Roman Empire would reach its maximum extent.
661 - [[Rashidun Caliphate]] -ends with the death of Ali.
1142 - [[Song dynasty]] -General Yue Fei is executed.
1186 - [[Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor|Henry VI]] -the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor|Frederick I, marries Constance of Sicily.
1302 - [[Dante Alighieri]] -the poet and politician is exiled from Florence, Italy, where he served as one of six priors governing the city.
1343 - [[Pope Clement VI]] -issues the papal bull ''Unigenitus'' to justify the power of the pope and the use of indulgences. Nearly 200 years later, Martin Luther would protest this.
1593 - [[Holy See|Vatican]] -opens the seven-year trial of scholar Giordano Bruno.
1606 - [[Gunpowder Plot]] -The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, ending with their execution on January 31.
1695 - [[Mustafa II]] -becomes the Ottoman sultan and Caliph of Islam in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his abdication in 1703.
1776 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -Henry Knox's "noble train of artillery" arrives in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1785 - [[University of Georgia]] -is founded, the first public university in the United States.
1825 - [[U.S. Congress]] -approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Five Civilized Tribes|Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears".
1868 - [[Boshin War]] -The Battle of Toba–Fushimi between forces of the Tokugawa shogunate and pro-Emperor of Japan|Imperial factions begins, which will end in defeat for the shogunate, and is a pivotal point in the Meiji Restoration.
1869 - [[Ezo Republic]] -in Hokkaidō.
1880 - [[Thomas Edison]] -receives the patent on the incandescent lamp.
1888 - [[National Geographic Society]] -is founded in Washington, D.C.
1909 - [[Young Left (Norway)|Young Left]] -is founded in Norway.
1927 - [[Ibn Saud]] -takes the title of Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd|King of Nejd.
1939 - [[Lockheed P-38 Lightning]] -
1943 - [[World War II]] -The VIII Bomber Command dispatched ninety-one B-17s and B-24s to attack the U-Boat construction yards at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. This was the first American bombing attack on Germany of the war.
1944 - [[Siege of Leningrad]] -is lifted.
1945 - [[Red Army]] -liberates the remained inmates of the Auschwitz concentration camp|Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp built by the Nazi Germans on the territory of Poland.
1951 - [[Nuclear test]] -ng at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat.
1961 - [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] -submarine ''Soviet submarine S-80|S-80'' sinks with all hands lost.
1967 - [[Astronaut]] -Gus Grissom, Edward Higgins White|Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of their Apollo 1 spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
1967 - [[Soviet Union]] -sign the Outer Space Treaty in Washington, D.C., banning deployment of nuclear weapons in space, and limiting use of the Moon and other astronomical object|celestial bodies to peaceful purposes.
1973 - [[Paris Peace Accords]] -officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde is killed in action becoming the conflict's last recorded American combat casualty.
1974 - [[Brisbane River]] -breaches its banks causing 1974 Brisbane flood|the largest flood to affect the city of Brisbane in the 20th century.
1980 - [[Iran hostage crisis|hostilities]] -in Iran in the culmination of the Canadian Caper.
1983 - [[Seikan Tunnel]] -the world's longest sub-aqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō, breaks through.
1984 - [[Michael Jackson]] -suffers second degree burns to his scalp during the filming of a Pepsi commercial in the Shrine Auditorium.
1993 - [[sumo]] -wrestler Akebono Tarō becomes the first foreigner to be promoted to the sport's highest rank of ''yokozuna''.
1996 - [[coup d'état|military coup]] -Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane.
1996 - [[International Holocaust Remembrance Day]] -
2002 - [[Lagos armoury explosion|An explosion]] -at a military storage facility in Lagos, Nigeria, kills at least 1,100 people and displaces over 20,000 others.
2003 - [[National Recording Registry]] -are announced by the Library of Congress.
2006 - [[Western Union]] -discontinues its Telegraphy|Telegram and Commercial Messaging services.
2010 - [[2009 Honduran constitutional crisis]] -ends when Porfirio Lobo Sosa becomes the new President of Honduras.
2011 - [[Arab Spring]] -The Yemeni Revolution begins as over 16,000 protestors demonstrate in Sana'a.
2013 - [[Kiss nightclub fire|nightclub fire]] -in the city of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul|Santa Maria, Brazil.
1443 - [[Albert III, Duke of Saxony]] -(d. 1500)
1546 - [[Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg]] -(d. 1608)
1571 - [[Abbas I of Persia]] -(d. 1629)
1585 - [[Hendrick Avercamp]] -Dutch painter (d. 1634)
1603 - [[Sir Harbottle Grimston, 2nd Baronet]] -English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the British House of Commons (d. 1685)
1621 - [[Thomas Willis]] -English physician and anatomist (d. 1675)
1662 - [[Richard Bentley]] -English scholar and theologian (d. 1742)
1687 - [[Johann Balthasar Neumann]] -German engineer and architect, designed Würzburg Residence and Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (d. 1753)
1701 - [[Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim]] -German historian and theologian (d. 1790)
1708 - [[Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia]] -(d. 1728)
1741 - [[Hester Thrale]] -Welsh author (d. 1821)
1756 - [[Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart]] -Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1791)
1775 - [[Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling]] -German-Swiss philosopher and academic (d. 1854)
1795 - [[Eli Whitney Blake]] -American engineer, invented the Mortise lock (d. 1886)
1805 - [[Maria Anna of Bavaria (1805–1877)|Maria Anna of Bavaria]] -(d. 1877)
1805 - [[Samuel Palmer]] -English painter and etcher (d. 1881)
1805 - [[Princess Sophie of Bavaria]] -(d. 1872)
1806 - [[Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga]] -Spanish composer and educator (d. 1826)
1807 - [[David Strauss]] -German theologian and author (d. 1874)
1814 - [[Eugène Viollet-le-Duc]] -French architect, designed the Lausanne Cathedral (d. 1879)
1821 - [[John Chivington]] -American colonel and pastor (d. 1892)
1823 - [[Édouard Lalo]] -French violinist and composer (d. 1892)
1826 - [[Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin]] -Russian journalist and author (d. 1889)
1826 - [[Richard Taylor (general)|Richard Taylor]] -American general, historian, and politician (d. 1879)
1827 - [[Nakahama Manjirō]] -Japanese translator (d. 1898)
1832 - [[Lewis Carroll]] -English mathematician, photographer, and author (d. 1898)
1832 - [[Carl Friedrich Schmidt (1832)|Carl Friedrich Schmidt]] -Estonian-Russian geologist and botanist (d. 1908)
1836 - [[Leopold von Sacher-Masoch]] -Austrian journalist and author (d. 1895)
1842 - [[Arkhip Kuindzhi]] -Ukrainian-Russian painter (d. 1910)
1848 - [[Tōgō Heihachirō]] -Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
1850 - [[John Collier (Pre-Raphaelite painter)|John Collier]] -English painter and author (d. 1934)
1850 - [[Samuel Gompers]] -English-American labor leader (d. 1924)
1850 - [[Edward Smith (sea captain)|Edward Smith]] -English captain (d. 1912)
1858 - [[Neel Doff]] -Dutch-Belgian author (d. 1942)
1859 - [[Wilhelm II, German Emperor]] -(d. 1941)
1862 - [[Eustaquio de Escandón]] -Mexican polo player (d. 1933)
1869 - [[Will Marion Cook]] -American violinist and composer (d. 1944)
1875 - [[Elizabeth Israel]] -Dominican super-centenarian (d. 2003)
1885 - [[Jerome Kern]] -American composer and songwriter (d. 1945)
1885 - [[Eduard Künneke]] -German composer (d. 1953)
1885 - [[Seison Maeda]] -Japanese painter (d. 1977)
1886 - [[Radhabinod Pal]] -Indian academic and jurist (d. 1967)
1886 - [[Balthasar van der Pol]] -Dutch physicist and academic (d. 1959)
1891 - [[Ilya Ehrenburg]] -Russian journalist and author (d. 1967)
1893 - [[Soong Ching-ling]] -Chinese politician; List of Presidents of the People's Republic of China|President of the People's Republic of China (d. 1981)
1895 - [[Joseph Rosenstock]] -Polish-American conductor and manager (d. 1985)
1895 - [[Harry Ruby]] -American composer and screenwriter (d. 1974)
1900 - [[Hyman G. Rickover]] -American admiral (d. 1986)
1901 - [[Willy Fritsch]] -German actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
1901 - [[Art Rooney]] -American football player and coach, founded the Pittsburgh Steelers (d. 1988)
1902 - [[Carl Berner (supercentenarian)|Carl Berner]] -German-American super-centenarian (d. 2013)
1903 - [[John Eccles (neurophysiologist)|John Eccles]] -Australian-Swiss neurophysiologist and academic; Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
1903 - [[Otto P. Weyland]] -American general (d. 1979)
1904 - [[James J. Gibson]] -American psychologist and academic (d. 1979)
1905 - [[Howard McNear]] -American actor (d. 1969)
1908 - [[William Randolph Hearst, Jr.]] -American journalist and publisher (d. 1993)
1908 - [[Hot Lips Page]] -American trumpet player, singer, and bandleader (d. 1954)
1910 - [[Edvard Kardelj]] -Slovene general, economist, and politician; 2nd Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Yugoslavia)|Foreign Minister of Yugoslavia (d. 1979)
1912 - [[Arne Næss]] -Norwegian philosopher and environmentalist (d. 2009)
1912 - [[Francis Rogallo]] -American engineer, invented the Rogallo wing (d. 2009)
1915 - [[Jules Archer]] -American historian and author (d. 2008)
1915 - [[Jacques Hnizdovsky]] -Ukrainian-American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1985)
1918 - [[Skitch Henderson]] -American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2005)
1918 - [[Elmore James]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963)
1918 - [[William Seawell]] -American general (d. 2005)
1919 - [[Ross Bagdasarian, Sr.]] -American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (d. 1972)
1920 - [[John Box]] -English production designer and art director (d. 2005)
1920 - [[Helmut Zacharias]] -German violinist and composer (d. 2002)
1921 - [[Donna Reed]] -American actress (d. 1986)
1924 - [[Sabu Dastagir]] -Indian-American actor and singer (d. 1963)
1924 - [[Rauf Denktaş]] -Cypriot lawyer and politician, 1st President of Northern Cyprus (d. 2012)
1924 - [[Brian Rix|Brian Rix, Baron Rix]] -English actor, producer, academic and life peer
1924 - [[Harvey Shapiro (poet)|Harvey Shapiro]] -American poet and academic (d. 2013)
1926 - [[Fritz Spiegl]] -Austrian flute player and journalist (d. 2003)
1926 - [[Ingrid Thulin]] -Swedish actress and director (d. 2004)
1927 - [[Billy Barnes (composer)|Billy Barnes]] -American actor and composer (d. 2012)
1927 - [[Jerry Haynes]] -American actor (d. 2011)
1928 - [[Michael Craig (actor)|Michael Craig]] -Indian-English actor and screenwriter
1928 - [[Hans Modrow]] -Polish-German politician, 5th Prime Minister of East Germany
1929 - [[Mohamed Al-Fayed]] -Egyptian-Swiss businessman
1929 - [[Gastón Suárez]] -Bolivian author and playwright (d. 1984)
1930 - [[Bobby Bland]] -American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
1931 - [[Red Bastien]] -American wrestler, trainer, and promoter (d. 2012)
1931 - [[Gazanfer Özcan]] -Turkish actor (d. 2009)
1931 - [[Mordecai Richler]] -Canadian author and screenwriter (d. 2001)
1931 - [[Nigel Vinson, Baron Vinson]] -English lieutenant and businessman
1932 - [[Boris Shakhlin]] -Russian-Ukrainian gymnast (d. 2008)
1933 - [[Jerry Buss]] -American chemist and businessman (d. 2013)
1934 - [[Édith Cresson]] -French politician; 160th List of Prime Ministers of France|Prime Minister of France
1934 - [[George Follmer]] -American race car driver
1935 - [[Gillian Beer]] -English academic and critic
1935 - [[Steve Demeter]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2013)
1936 - [[Troy Donahue]] -American actor and singer (d. 2001)
1936 - [[Florin Piersic]] -Romanian actor
1936 - [[Samuel C. C. Ting]] -American physicist and academic; Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
1937 - [[Fred Åkerström]] -Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1985)
1937 - [[John Ogdon]] -English pianist and composer (d. 1989)
1938 - [[Roy Bourgeois]] -American priest and activist
1939 - [[Julius Lester]] -American author and academic
1937 - [[Tigran Mansurian]] -Armenian composer of classical music and film scores
1940 - [[Ahmet Kurtcebe Alptemoçin]] -Turkish engineer and politician; 35th List of Ministers of Foreign Affairs (Turkey)|Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs
1940 - [[James Cromwell]] -American actor and producer
1940 - [[Terry Harper]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1940 - [[Petru Lucinschi]] -Romanian politician, 2nd President of Moldova
1941 - [[Bobby Hutcherson]] -American vibraphone player and composer
1941 - [[Beatrice Tinsley]] -New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist (d. 1981)
1942 - [[Stewart Raffill]] -American director and screenwriter
1942 - [[John Witherspoon (actor)|John Witherspoon]] -American actor
1942 - [[Kate Wolf]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1986)
1943 - [[Julia Cumberlege, Baroness Cumberlege]] -English businesswoman and politician
1944 - [[Peter Akinola]] -Nigerian archbishop
1944 - [[Mairead Maguire]] -Northern Irish peace activist; Nobel Peace Prize|Nobel Prize laureate
1944 - [[Nick Mason]] -English drummer, songwriter, and producer (Pink Floyd)
1945 - [[Harold Cardinal]] -Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2005)
1946 - [[Christopher Hum]] -English academic and diplomat; List of Ambassadors of the United Kingdom to China|British Ambassador to China
1946 - [[Nedra Talley]] -American singer (The Ronettes)
1947 - [[Björn Afzelius]] -Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)
1947 - [[Vyron Polydoras]] -Greek politician; Ministry of Public Order and Citizen Protection|Greek Minister for Public Order
1948 - [[Mikhail Baryshnikov]] -Russian dancer, choreographer, and actor
1948 - [[Valeri Brainin]] -Russian-German composer and poet
1948 - [[Jean-Philippe Collard]] -French pianist
1951 - [[Brian Downey (drummer)|Brian Downey]] -Irish drummer and songwriter
1951 - [[Cees van der Knaap]] -Dutch soldier and politician
1952 - [[Billy Johnson (American football)|Billy Johnson]] -American football player and coach
1952 - [[Tam O'Shaughnessy]] -American tennis player, psychologist, and academic
1954 - [[Peter Laird]] -American author and illustrator
1954 - [[Jōkō Ninomiya]] -Japanese-American martial artist
1955 - [[Brian Engblom]] -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
1955 - [[John Roberts]] -American lawyer and judge; 17th Chief Justice of the United States
1956 - [[Mimi Rogers]] -American actress and producer
1956 - [[Susanne Blakeslee]] -American actress
1957 - [[Frank Miller (comics)|Frank Miller]] -American illustrator, director, producer, and screenwriter
1958 - [[James Grippando]] -American lawyer and author
1958 - [[Kadri Mälk]] -Estonian jewelry designer
1958 - [[Alan Milburn]] -English businessman and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1958 - [[Susanna Thompson]] -American actress
1959 - [[Cris Collinsworth]] -American football player and sportscaster
1959 - [[Göran Hägglund]] -Swedish politician; 28th Minister for Health and Social Affairs (Sweden)|Swedish Minister for Social Affairs
1959 - [[Keith Olbermann]] -American journalist and author
1960 - [[Fiona O'Donnell]] -Canadian-Scottish politician
1961 - [[Zarganar]] -Burmese comedian, actor, and director
1961 - [[Dina Bonnevie]] -Filipino actress
1961 - [[Gillian Gilbert]] -English keyboard player and singer (New Order and The Other Two)
1961 - [[Narciso Rodriguez]] -American fashion designer
1962 - [[Roberto Paci Dalò]] -Italian director and composer
1963 - [[George Monbiot]] -English-Welsh author and activist
1964 - [[Patrick van Deurzen]] -Dutch composer and academic
1964 - [[Bridget Fonda]] -American actress
1964 - [[Jack Haley (basketball)|Jack Haley]] -American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 2015)
1965 - [[Alan Cumming]] -Scottish-American actor, singer, director, and producer
1965 - [[Oktay Kaynarca]] -Turkish actor and producer
1965 - [[Ignacio Noé]] -Argentinian author and illustrator
1965 - [[Attila Sekerlioglu]] -Austrian footballer and manager
1966 - [[Tamlyn Tomita]] -Japanese-American actress and singer
1967 - [[Bobby Deol]] -Indian actor and singer
1967 - [[Dave Manson]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1968 - [[Tricky (musician)|Tricky]] -English rapper, producer, and actor
1968 - [[Patrick Blondeau]] -French footballer
1968 - [[Mike Patton]] -American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Faith No More, Mr. Bungle, Fantômas (band)|Fantômas, Tomahawk (band)|Tomahawk, and Lovage (band)|Lovage)
1968 - [[Matt Stover]] -American football player
1969 - [[Cornelius (musician)|Cornelius]] -Japanese singer, guitarist, and producer (Flipper's Guitar and Plastic Ono Band)
1969 - [[Michael Kulas]] -Canadian singer-songwriter and producer (James (band)|James)
1969 - [[Patton Oswalt]] -American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
1970 - [[Emmanuel Pahud]] -Swiss flute player
1971 - [[Patrice Brisebois]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1971 - [[Toomas Kallaste]] -Estonian footballer
1971 - [[Fann Wong]] -Singaporean actress and singer
1972 - [[Mark Owen]] -English singer-songwriter (Take That)
1972 - [[Josh Randall]] -American actor
1972 - [[Keith Wood]] -Irish rugby player and hurdler
1973 - [[Valyantsin Byalkevich]] -Belarusian footballer and manager (d. 2014)
1974 - [[Ole Einar Bjørndalen]] -Norwegian skier and biathlete
1974 - [[Andrei Pavel]] -Romanian tennis player and coach
1974 - [[Chaminda Vaas]] -Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
1976 - [[Ahn Jung-hwan]] -South Korean footballer
1976 - [[Ruby Lin]] -Taiwanese actress, singer, and producer
1978 - [[Akiko Hinagata]] -Japanese actress and model
1979 - [[Rosamund Pike]] -English actress
1979 - [[Liesbet Van Breedam]] -Belgian volleyball player
1979 - [[Daniel Vettori]] -New Zealand cricketer and coach
1980 - [[Eva Padberg]] -German fashion model, singer, and actress
1980 - [[Marat Safin]] -Russian tennis player and politician
1981 - [[Yaniv Katan]] -Israeli footballer
1981 - [[Alicia Molik]] -Australian tennis player
1981 - [[Tony Woodcock (rugby player)|Tony Woodcock]] -New Zealand rugby player
1983 - [[Carlo Colaiacovo]] -Canadian ice hockey player
1983 - [[Tim Kasten]] -German rugby player
1985 - [[Gerard Aafjes]] -Dutch footballer
1985 - [[Dustley Mulder]] -Dutch footballer
1986 - [[Giorgi Loria]] -Georgian footballer
1987 - [[Lily Donaldson]] -English model
1987 - [[Katy Rose]] -American singer-songwriter and producer
1987 - [[Anton Shunin]] -Russian footballer
1988 - [[Kerlon]] -Brazilian footballer
1988 - [[Liu Wen]] -Chinese model
1989 - [[Alberto Botía]] -Spanish footballer
1989 - [[Daisy Lowe]] -English model
1989 - [[Ricky van Wolfswinkel]] -Dutch footballer
1993 - [[Yaya Sanogo]] -French footballer
1994 - [[Rani Khedira]] -German footballer
History of Deaths
98 - [[Nerva]] -Roman emperor (b. 35)
457 - [[Marcian]] -Byzantine emperor (b. 392)
661 - [[Ali]] -Arab general and caliph (b. 607)
1490 - [[Ashikaga Yoshimasa]] -Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
1540 - [[Angela Merici]] -Italian educator and saint, founded the Company of St. Ursula (b. 1474)
1596 - [[Francis Drake]] -English captain and explorer (b. 1540)
1629 - [[Hieronymus Praetorius]] -German organist and composer (b. 1560)
1638 - [[Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses]] -Spanish author and poet (b. 1585)
1651 - [[Abraham Bloemaert]] -Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1566)
1689 - [[Robert Aske (merchant)|Robert Aske]] -English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1619)
1731 - [[Bartolomeo Cristofori]] -Italian instrument maker, invented the Piano (b. 1655)
1733 - [[Thomas Woolston]] -English theologian and author (b. 1669)
1740 - [[Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon]] -(b. 1692)
1794 - [[Antoine Philippe de La Trémoille]] -French general (b. 1765)
1812 - [[John Perkins (Royal Navy officer)|John Perkins]] -Jamaican captain
1814 - [[Johann Gottlieb Fichte]] -German philosopher and academic (b. 1762)
1816 - [[Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood]] -English admiral and politician (b. 1724)
1851 - [[John James Audubon]] -French-American ornithologist and painter (b. 1789)
1860 - [[János Bolyai]] -Romanian-Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1802)
1880 - [[Edward Middleton Barry]] -English architect; co-designed the Halifax Town Hall and the Royal Opera House, Valletta|Royal Opera House (b. 1830)
1901 - [[Giuseppe Verdi]] -Italian composer (b. 1813)
1910 - [[Thomas Crapper]] -English plumber and businessman (b. 1836)
1919 - [[Endre Ady]] -Hungarian poet and journalist (b. 1877)
1921 - [[Maurice Buckley]] -Australian sergeant (b. 1891)
1922 - [[Nellie Bly]] -American journalist and author (b. 1864)
1927 - [[Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevičius]] -Lithuanian bishop (b. 1871)
1931 - [[Nishinoumi Kajirō II]] -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 25th Yokozuna (sumo)|Yokozuna (b. 1880)
1940 - [[Isaac Babel]] -Russian journalist, author, and playwright (b. 1894)
1942 - [[Kaarel Eenpalu]] -Estonian journalist and politician; Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1888)
1951 - [[Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim]] -Finnish field marshal and politician; 6th President of Finland (b. 1867)
1956 - [[Erich Kleiber]] -Austrian conductor and director (b. 1890)
1961 - [[Bernard Friedberg]] -Austrian scholar and author (b. 1876)
1963 - [[John Farrow]] -Australian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
1965 - [[Abraham Walkowitz]] -American painter (b. 1878)
1967 - [[Roger B. Chaffee]] -American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1935)
1967 - [[Gus Grissom]] -American pilot and astronaut (b. 1926)
1967 - [[Alphonse Juin]] -Algerian-French general (b. 1888)
1967 - [[Edward Higgins White]] -American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)
1971 - [[Jacobo Árbenz]] -Guatemalan captain and politician; President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
1972 - [[Richard Courant]] -German-American mathematician and academic (b. 1888)
1972 - [[Mahalia Jackson]] -American singer and actress (b. 1911)
1974 - [[Georgios Grivas]] -Cypriot general (b. 1898)
1975 - [[Bill Walsh (producer)|Bill Walsh]] -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1913)
1979 - [[Qalandar Baba Auliya]] -Indian-Pakistani mystic, philosopher, and scholar (b. 1898)
1983 - [[Louis de Funès]] -French actor and screenwriter (b. 1914)
1986 - [[Lilli Palmer]] -German-American actress (b. 1914)
1987 - [[Norman McLaren]] -Scottish-Canadian animator and director (b. 1914)
1988 - [[Massa Makan Diabaté]] -Malian historian, author, and playwright (b. 1938)
1989 - [[Thomas Sopwith]] -English aviator (b. 1888)
1993 - [[André the Giant]] -French wrestler and actor (b. 1946)
1994 - [[Claude Akins]] -American actor (b. 1918)
1996 - [[Ralph Yarborough]] -American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1903)
2000 - [[Friedrich Gulda]] -Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1930)
2003 - [[Louis Archambault]] -Canadian sculptor (b. 1915)
2003 - [[Henryk Jabłoński]] -Polish historian and politician, President of Poland (b. 1909)
2004 - [[Salvador Laurel]] -Filipino politician; 10th Vice President of the Philippines (b. 1928)
2004 - [[Jack Paar]] -American talk show host and author (b. 1918)
2005 - [[Shah A M S Kibria]] -Bangladeshi economist and politician (b. 1931)
2006 - [[Gene McFadden]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (McFadden & Whitehead) (b. 1948)
2006 - [[Johannes Rau]] -German journalist and politician, 8th President of Germany (b. 1931)
2007 - [[Yang Chuan-kwang]] -Taiwanese decathlete, long jumper, and hurdler (b. 1933)
2008 - [[Suharto]] -Indonesian general and politician; 2nd President of Indonesia (b. 1921)
2008 - [[Gordon B. Hinckley]] -American religious leader and author; 15th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1910)
2009 - [[Mino Reitano]] -Italian singer and actor (b. 1944)
2009 - [[John Updike]] -American author, poet, and critic (b. 1932)
2009 - [[R. Venkataraman]] -Indian lawyer and politician; 8th President of India (b. 1910)
2010 - [[Zelda Rubinstein]] -American actress (b. 1933)
2010 - [[J. D. Salinger]] -American soldier and author (b. 1919)
2010 - [[Ajmer Singh (athlete)|Ajmer Singh]] -Indian sprinter and academic (b. 1940)
2010 - [[Howard Zinn]] -American historian, author, and activist (b. 1922)
2011 - [[Charlie Callas]] -American actor and drummer (b. 1927)
2011 - [[Mārtiņš Freimanis]] -Latvian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1977)
2013 - [[Ivan Bodiul]] -Ukrainian-Russian politician (b. 1918)
2013 - [[Phạm Duy]] -Vietnamese singer-songwriter (b. 1921)
2013 - [[Stanley Karnow]] -American journalist and historian (b. 1925)
2014 - [[Ichirō Nagai]] -Japanese voice actor (b. 1931)
2014 - [[Pete Seeger]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1919)
2015 - [[David Landau (journalist)|David Landau]] -English-Israeli journalist (b. 1947)
2015 - [[Charles Hard Townes]] -American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)