This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: March-12

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


538 - [[Vitiges]] -Germanic king|king of the Ostrogoths ends his Siege of Rome (537–38)|siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Byzantine Empire|Byzantine general, Belisarius.

1550 - [[Spanish Empire|Spanish]] -and indigenous troops under the command of Pedro de Valdivia defeat an army of 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco during the Arauco War in present-day Chile.

1622 - [[Ignatius of Loyola]] -and Francis Xavier, founders of the Jesuits, are canonized as saints by the Catholic Church.

1689 - [[Williamite War in Ireland]] -begins.

1811 - [[Peninsular War]] -A day after a successful rearguard action, Marshal of France|French Marshal Michel Ney once again successfully delayed the pursuing Anglo-Portuguese force at the Battle of Redinha.

1864 - [[American Civil War]] -The Red River Campaign begins as a US Navy fleet of 13 Ironclads and 7 Gunboats and other support ships enter the Red River.

1868 - [[Henry James O'Farrell|Henry O'Farrell]] -attempts to assassinate Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

1868 - [[Basutoland]] -toaday called Lesotho is annexed by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|United Kingdom.

1881 - [[Andrew Watson (footballer, born 1856)|Andrew Watson]] -makes his Scotland national football team|Scotland debut as the world's first black people|black international association football|football player and Captain (association football)|captain.

1885 - [[Tonkin Campaign]] -French Third Republic|France Bắc Ninh Campaign|captures the citadel of Bắc Ninh.

1894 - [[Coca-Cola]] -is bottled and sold for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi, by local soda fountain operator Joseph Biedenharn.

1910 - [[Greek cruiser Georgios Averof]] -is launched at Livorno.

1912 - [[Girl Guide and Girl Scout|Girl Guides]] -(later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States.

1913 - [[Canberra Day]] -The future capital of Australia is officially named Canberra. (Melbourne remains temporary capital until 1927 while the new capital is still under construction.)

1918 - [[Saint Petersburg]] -held this status for 215 years.

1920 - [[Kapp Putsch]] -begins when the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt is ordered to march on Berlin.

1921 - [[İstiklâl Marşı]] -is adopted in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

1922 - [[Armenia]] -Georgia (country)|Georgia and Azerbaijan form The Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic

1928 - [[California]] -the St. Francis Dam fails; the resulting floods kill over 600 people.

1930 - [[Mahatma Gandhi]] -leads a 200-mile march, known as the ''Salt March'', to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British Empire|British monopoly on salt

1933 - [[Great Depression]] -Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his "fireside chats".

1934 - [[Konstantin Päts]] -and General Johan Laidoner stage a coup in Estonia, and ban all political parties.

1938 - [[Anschluss]] -'' Nazi Germany|German troops occupy and absorb Austria.

1940 - [[Winter War]] -Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia. Finnish troops and the remaining population are immediately evacuated.

1942 - [[Pacific War]] -The Battle of Java (1942)|Battle of Java ends with an Allies of World War II|Allied surrender to the Japanese Empire.

1947 - [[Truman Doctrine]] -is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.

1950 - [[Llandow air disaster]] -occurs near Sigingstone, Wales, in which 80 people die when their aircraft crashed, making it the world's deadliest air disaster at the time.

1961 - [[North Face of the Eiger]] -

1967 - [[Suharto]] -takes over from Sukarno to become List of Presidents of Indonesia|Acting President of Indonesia.

1968 - [[Mauritius]] -achieves independence from the United Kingdom.

1971 - [[1971 Turkish coup d'état|The March 12 Memorandum]] -is sent to the Demirel government of Turkey and the government resigns.

1992 - [[Mauritius]] -becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1993 - [[1993 Bombay bombings|bombs explode]] -in Bombay (Mumbai), India, killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.

1993 - [[North Korea and weapons of mass destruction|North Korea nuclear weapons program]] -North Korea says that it plans to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refuses to allow inspectors access to its nuclear sites.

1993 - [[Blizzard of 1993]] -Snow begins to fall across the eastern portion of the US with tornadoes, thunder snow storms, high winds and record low temperatures. The storm lasts for 30 hours.

1993 - [[Janet Reno]] -is sworn in as the United States' first female attorney general.

1994 - [[Church of England]] -ordains its first female priests.

1999 - [[Warsaw Pact]] -members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.

2003 - [[Zoran Đinđić]] -Prime Minister of Serbia, is Assassination of Zoran Đinđić|assassinated in Belgrade.

2004 - [[President of South Korea]] -Roh Moo-hyun, is impeached by its National Assembly of South Korea|National Assembly: The first such impeachment in the nation's history.

2005 - [[Karolos Papoulias]] -becomes President of Greece.

2009 - [[Bernard Madoff]] -pleads guilty in New York to scamming $18 billion, the largest in Wall Street history.

2011 - [[Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant]] -melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan's 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami|earthquake.

2014 - [[2014 East Harlem apartment buildings explosion|explosion]] -in the New York City neighborhood of East Harlem kills 8 and injures 70 others.

Famous Birthdays


1270 - [[Charles, Count of Valois]] -(d. 1325)

1312 - [[John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford]] -(d. 1360)

1479 - [[Giuliano de' Medici, Duke of Nemours]] -(d. 1516)

1607 - [[Paul Gerhardt]] -German poet and composer (d. 1676)

1613 - [[André Le Nôtre]] -French gardener and architect (d. 1700)

1620 - [[Johann Heinrich Hottinger]] -Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)

1626 - [[John Aubrey]] -English historian and philosopher (d. 1697)

1637 - [[Anne Hyde]] -English wife of James II of England (d. 1671)

1647 - [[Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie]] -French general (d. 1727)

1672 - [[Richard Steele]] -Irish-Welsh journalist and politician (d. 1729)

1685 - [[George Berkeley]] -Irish bishop and philosopher (d. 1753)

1710 - [[Thomas Arne]] -English composer (d. 1778)

1718 - [[Joseph Damer, 1st Earl of Dorchester]] -English politician (d. 1798)

1781 - [[Frederica of Baden]] -(d. 1826)

1795 - [[William Lyon Mackenzie]] -Scottish-Canadian journalist and politician, 1st Mayor of Toronto (d. 1861)

1806 - [[Jane Pierce]] -American wife of Franklin Pierce, 15th First Lady of the United States (d. 1863)

1821 - [[John Abbott]] -Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1893)

1824 - [[Gustav Kirchhoff]] -Russian-German physicist and academic (d. 1887)

1831 - [[Clement Studebaker]] -American businessman, co-founded Studebaker (d. 1901)

1832 - [[Charles Boycott]] -English farmer and agent (d. 1897)

1832 - [[Charles Friedel]] -French chemist and mineralogist (d.1899)

1835 - [[Simon Newcomb]] -Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1909)

1837 - [[Alexandre Guilmant]] -French organist and composer (d. 1911)

1838 - [[William Henry Perkin]] -English chemist and academic (d. 1907)

1851 - [[Theodore Thurston Geer]] -American journalist and politician, 10th Governor of Oregon (d. 1924)

1858 - [[Adolph Ochs]] -American publisher (d. 1935)

1859 - [[Abraham H. Cannon]] -American religious leader (d. 1896)

1860 - [[Eric Stenbock]] -Estonian poet and author (d. 1895)

1861 - [[József Konkolics]] -Hungarian-Slovene cantor and author (d. 1941)

1863 - [[Gabriele D'Annunzio]] -Italian soldier, journalist, poet, and playwright (d. 1938)

1863 - [[Vladimir Vernadsky]] -Russian mineralogist and chemist (d. 1945)

1864 - [[W. H. R. Rivers]] -English anthropologist, neurologist, ethnologist, and psychiatrist (d. 1922)

1864 - [[Alice Tegnér]] -Swedish organist and composer (d. 1943)

1864 - [[Charles Young (United States Army)|Charles Young]] -American colonel (d. 1922)

1874 - [[Charles Weeghman]] -American businessman (d. 1938)

1877 - [[Wilhelm Frick]] -German lawyer and politician, Federal Ministry of the Interior (Germany)|German Federal Minister of the Interior (d. 1946)

1878 - [[Gemma Galgani]] -Italian mystic and saint (d. 1903)

1880 - [[Henry Drysdale Dakin]] -English-American chemist and academic (d. 1952)

1880 - [[Nikolaos Georgantas]] -Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)

1880 - [[Jaan Soots]] -Estonian general and politician, 7th Estonian Minister of War (d. 1942)

1881 - [[Gunnar Nordström]] -Finnish physicist and academic (d. 1923)

1883 - [[Zoltán Meskó]] -Hungarian politician (d. 1959)

1889 - [[Idris of Libya]] -(d. 1983)

1890 - [[Vaslav Nijinsky]] -Russian dancer and choreographer (d. 1950)

1890 - [[William Dudley Pelley]] -American politician, founded the Silver Legion of America (d. 1965)

1890 - [[Evert Taube]] -Swedish singer-songwriter and lute player (d. 1976)

1891 - [[George W. Mason]] -American businessman (d. 1954)

1895 - [[Otakar Batlička]] -Czech journalist and author (d. 1942)

1895 - [[William C. Lee]] -American general (d. 1948)

1907 - [[Arthur Hewlett]] -English actor (d. 1997)

1907 - [[Dorrit Hoffleit]] -American astronomer and academic (d. 2007)

1908 - [[Rita Angus]] -New Zealand painter (d. 1970)

1908 - [[David Marshall (Singaporean politician)|David Marshall]] -Singaporean lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Singapore (d. 1995)

1910 - [[Masayoshi Ōhira]] -Japanese politician, 68th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)

1911 - [[Gustavo Díaz Ordaz]] -Mexican academic and politician, 49th President of Mexico (d. 1979)

1912 - [[Irving Layton]] -Romanian-Canadian poet and academic (d. 2006)

1912 - [[Edgar Tafel]] -American architect (d. 2011)

1912 - [[Paul Weston]] -American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1996)

1913 - [[Yashwantrao Chavan]] -Indian politician, 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)

1913 - [[Agathe von Trapp]] -Hungarian-American singer and author (d. 2010)

1914 - [[Julia Lennon]] -English mother of John Lennon (d. 1958)

1915 - [[Willibald C. Bianchi]] -American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1945)

1917 - [[Millard Kaufman]] -American author and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1917 - [[Googie Withers]] -Indian-Australian actress (d. 2011)

1918 - [[Elaine de Kooning]] -American painter and academic (d. 1989)

1919 - [[Mike Stepovich]] -American lawyer and politician, List of Governors of Alaska|Governor of the Territory of Alaska (d. 2014)

1920 - [[Ray Still]] -American oboe player and educator (d. 2014)

1921 - [[Gianni Agnelli]] -Italian businessman (d. 2003)

1921 - [[Ülo Jõgi]] -Estonian historian and activist (d. 2007)

1921 - [[Gordon MacRae]] -American actor and singer (d. 1986)

1922 - [[Jack Kerouac]] -American author and poet (d. 1969)

1922 - [[Lane Kirkland]] -American sailor and union leader (d. 1999)

1923 - [[Hjalmar Andersen]] -Norwegian speed skater and cyclist (d. 2013)

1923 - [[Norbert Brainin]] -Austrian violinist (Amadeus Quartet) (d. 2005)

1923 - [[Clara Fraser]] -American activist, co-founded Radical Women (d. 1998)

1923 - [[Hanne Hiob]] -German actress and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1923 - [[Wally Schirra]] -American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2007)

1923 - [[Joseph F. Weis, Jr.]] -American lawyer and judge (d. 2014)

1923 - [[Mae Young]] -American wrestler (d. 2014)

1924 - [[Henri Rochon]] -Canadian tennis player (d. 2005)

1924 - [[Mary Lee Woods]] -English mathematician and computer programmer

1925 - [[Louison Bobet]] -French cyclist (d. 1983)

1925 - [[Georges Delerue]] -French composer (d. 1992)

1925 - [[Leo Esaki]] -Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate

1925 - [[Harry Harrison (writer)|Harry Harrison]] -American author and illustrator (d. 2012)

1926 - [[George Ariyoshi]] -American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Hawaii

1926 - [[Freddie Williams (speedway rider)|Freddie Williams]] -Welsh motorcycle racer (d. 2013)

1927 - [[Raúl Alfonsín]] -Argentinian lawyer and politician, 46th President of Argentina (d. 2009)

1928 - [[Edward Albee]] -American director and playwright

1928 - [[Aldemaro Romero]] -Venezuelan pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2007)

1930 - [[Bronco Horvath]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1930 - [[Vern Law]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager

1930 - [[Win Tin]] -Burmese journalist and politician, co-founded the National League for Democracy (d. 2014)

1931 - [[Herb Kelleher]] -American businessman, co-founded Southwest Airlines

1931 - [[Robert B. Oakley]] -American soldier and diplomat, 19th United States Ambassador to Pakistan (d. 2014)

1931 - [[Billie Thomas]] -American actor (d. 1980)

1932 - [[Andrew Young]] -American pastor and politician, 14th United States Ambassador to the United Nations

1933 - [[Barbara Feldon]] -American actress

1934 - [[Virginia Hamilton]] -American author (d. 2002)

1934 - [[David Spenser]] -Sri Lankan-English actor and director (d. 2013)

1935 - [[John Doherty (footballer)|John Doherty]] -English footballer (d. 2007)

1935 - [[Valentyna Shevchenko]] -Ukrainian politician

1936 - [[Lloyd Dobyns]] -American journalist and author

1936 - [[Patrick Procktor]] -Irish-English painter and academic (d. 2003)

1936 - [[Eddie Sutton]] -American basketball player and coach

1937 - [[Valentīna Eiduka]] -Latvian javelin thrower and coach

1938 - [[Lew DeWitt]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Statler Brothers) (d. 1990)

1938 - [[David Drew (dancer)|David Drew]] -English ballet dancer

1938 - [[Johnny Rutherford]] -American race car driver

1938 - [[Dimitri Terzakis]] -Greek-German composer and educator

1939 - [[Lyndsie Holland]] -English actress and singer (d. 2014)

1939 - [[Jude Milhon]] -American hacker and author (d. 2003)

1940 - [[Al Jarreau]] -American singer

1940 - [[M. A. Numminen]] -Finnish singer-songwriter and producer (Suomen Talvisota 1939–1940|Suomen Talvisota)

1942 - [[Ratko Mladić]] -Serbian general

1942 - [[Shabnam Shakeel]] -Pakistani poet and author (d. 2013)

1942 - [[Jimmy Wynn]] -American baseball player and sportscaster

1945 - [[Sammy Gravano]] -American mobster

1945 - [[George Jackson (songwriter)|George Jackson]] -American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)

1946 - [[Liza Minnelli]] -American actress, singer, and dancer

1946 - [[Frank Welker]] -American voice actor and singer

1946 - [[Serge Turgeon]] -Canadian actor and union leader (d. 2004)

1947 - [[Peter Harry Carstensen]] -German educator and politician

1947 - [[Mary Jean Harrold]] -American computer scientist and academic (d. 2013)

1947 - [[Kalervo Palsa]] -Finnish painter (d. 1987)

1947 - [[Mitt Romney]] -American businessman and politician, 70th Governor of Massachusetts

1948 - [[Virginia Bottomley]] -Scottish politician, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport

1948 - [[Sandra Brown]] -American author

1948 - [[Kent Conrad]] -American politician

1948 - [[James Taylor]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1949 - [[Rob Cohen]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1949 - [[Moctesuma Esparza]] -American actor and producer

1949 - [[Charles Levin (actor)|Charles Levin]] -American actor

1949 - [[David Mellor]] -English journalist, lawyer, and politician, Chief Secretary to the Treasury

1949 - [[Bill Payne]] -American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (Little Feat and Phil Lesh and Friends)

1950 - [[Javier Clemente]] -Spanish footballer and manager

1950 - [[Willie Duggan]] -Irish rugby player

1950 - [[Jon Provost]] -American actor

1950 - [[Wheeler Winston Dixon]] -American director, critic, and author

1952 - [[Benjamín Arellano Félix]] -Mexican drug trafficker

1952 - [[Boris Anatolyevich Gavrilov]] -Russian football player and manager

1952 - [[Pierre Roy]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1952 - [[Naomi Shihab Nye]] -American poet, songwriter, and author

1952 - [[Randy Stonehill]] -American singer-songwriter

1953 - [[Carl Hiaasen]] -American journalist and author

1953 - [[Ron Jeremy]] -American porn actor and director

1954 - [[Anish Kapoor]] -Indian sculptor

1955 - [[Nicole Léger]] -Canadian politician

1956 - [[Steve Harris (musician)|Steve Harris]] -English bass player and songwriter (Iron Maiden)

1956 - [[Lesley Manville]] -English actress

1956 - [[Dale Murphy]] -American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster

1956 - [[Ruth Ozeki]] -Canadian-American priest and author

1957 - [[Patrick Battiston]] -French footballer

1957 - [[Marlon Jackson]] -American singer-songwriter and dancer (The Jackson 5)

1957 - [[Jerry Levine]] -American actor and director

1958 - [[Phil Anderson (cyclist)|Phil Anderson]] -English-Australian cyclist

1958 - [[Matt Millen]] -American football player and manager

1959 - [[Mark Easton]] -Scottish journalist

1960 - [[Jason Beghe]] -American actor and critic

1960 - [[Kipp Lennon]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Venice (band)|Venice)

1960 - [[Minoru Niihara]] -Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player (Loudness (band)|Loudness and Earthshaker (band)|Earthshaker)

1960 - [[Maki Nomiya]] -Japanese singer (Pizzicato Five)

1960 - [[Courtney B. Vance]] -American actor

1961 - [[Joseph Facal]] -Canadian journalist and politician

1961 - [[Titus Welliver]] -American actor

1962 - [[Julia Campbell]] -American actress

1962 - [[Aleksandr Potashov]] -Belarusian race walker

1962 - [[Darryl Strawberry]] -American baseball player

1963 - [[Joaquim Cruz]] -Brazilian runner

1963 - [[Ian Holloway]] -English footballer and manager

1963 - [[Farahnaz Pahlavi]] -Iranian-American daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

1963 - [[Paul Way]] -English golfer

1965 - [[Steve Finley]] -American baseball player

1965 - [[Shawn Gilbert]] -American baseball player and coach

1965 - [[Steve Levy]] -American journalist and sportscaster

1965 - [[Coleen Nolan]] -English singer and television host (The Nolans)

1965 - [[Ivari Padar]] -Estonian politician

1965 - [[Liza Umarova]] -Kazakh singer and actress

1965 - [[Liv Stoveland]] -Norwegian singer

1966 - [[Grant Long]] -American basketball player and sportscaster

1966 - [[Akemi Okamura]] -Japanese voice actress

1967 - [[Jorge Dely Valdés]] -Panamanian footballer and manager

1967 - [[Julio Dely Valdés]] -Panamanian footballer and manager

1968 - [[Dylan Carlson]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Earth (American band)|Earth)

1968 - [[Tammy Duckworth]] -Thai-American colonel, pilot, and politician

1968 - [[Aaron Eckhart]] -American actor and producer

1969 - [[Graham Coxon]] -German-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Blur (band)|Blur)

1969 - [[Beyazıt Öztürk]] -Turkish comedian, actor, and talk show host

1969 - [[Jake Tapper]] -American journalist and author

1970 - [[Dave Eggers]] -American author and screenwriter

1970 - [[Roy Khan]] -Norwegian singer-songwriter (Kamelot and Conception (band)|Conception)

1970 - [[John Nemechek]] -American race car driver (d. 1997)

1970 - [[Rex Walters]] -American basketball player and coach

1971 - [[Max Cortés]] -Spanish porn actor and director

1971 - [[Tony Eveready]] -American porn actor

1971 - [[Isaiah Rider]] -American basketball player and rapper

1971 - [[Dragutin Topić]] -Serbian high jumper

1972 - [[Hector Luis Bustamante]] -Colombian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1972 - [[James Maritato]] -American wrestler

1974 - [[Matt Barela]] -American wrestler and actor

1974 - [[Chris Carr (basketball)|Chris Carr]] -American basketball player and coach

1974 - [[Steve Price (rugby league)|Steve Price]] -Australia rugby player

1975 - [[Kéllé Bryan]] -English singer-songwriter and actress (Eternal (band)|Eternal)

1975 - [[Egidijus Juška]] -Lithuanian footballer

1975 - [[Annabel Port]] -English radio host

1976 - [[Zhao Wei]] -Chinese actress, singer, and director

1977 - [[Ramiro Corrales]] -American soccer player

1978 - [[Casey Mears]] -American race car driver

1978 - [[Neal Obermeyer]] -American cartoonist

1978 - [[Claudio Sanchez]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Coheed and Cambria, Fire Deuce, and The Prize Fighter Inferno)

1978 - [[Arina Tanemura]] -Japanese author and illustrator

1979 - [[Rhys Coiro]] -Italian-American actor

1979 - [[Pete Doherty]] -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Libertines and Babyshambles)

1979 - [[Jamie Dwyer]] -Australian field hockey player and coach

1979 - [[Nidia Guenard]] -American wrestler and manager

1979 - [[Shaun Rogers (American football)|Shaun Rogers]] -American football player

1979 - [[Edwin Villafuerte]] -Ecuadorian footballer

1980 - [[Ruth Hunt]] -Welsh activist and academic

1980 - [[John-Paul Lavoisier]] -American actor

1980 - [[Jens Mouris]] -Dutch cyclist

1980 - [[Douglas Murray (ice hockey)|Douglas Murray]] -Swedish ice hockey player

1981 - [[Kenta Kobayashi]] -Japanese wrestler and kick-boxer

1981 - [[Maurizio Lauro]] -Italian footballer

1981 - [[Sid Lucero]] -Filipino actor

1981 - [[Kristjan Makke]] -Estonian basketball player

1981 - [[Chiwa Saitō]] -Japanese voice actress

1981 - [[Peter Waterfield]] -English diver

1981 - [[Holly Williams]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1982 - [[Samm Levine]] -American actor and producer

1982 - [[Zach Miner]] -American baseball player

1982 - [[Grete Püvi]] -Estonian dressage rider

1982 - [[Tobias Schweinsteiger]] -German footballer

1982 - [[Erick Stevens]] -American wrestler

1983 - [[Nam Doh-hyeong]] -South Korean voice actor

1983 - [[Mikko Koivu]] -Finnish ice hockey player

1984 - [[Jaimie Alexander]] -American actress

1984 - [[Shreya Ghoshal]] -Indian singer and actress

1985 - [[Stromae]] -Belgian-Rwandan singer-songwriter

1985 - [[Binnaz Uslu]] -Turkish runner

1985 - [[Bradley Wright-Phillips]] -English footballer

1986 - [[Danny Jones]] -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (McFly (band)|McFly and McBusted)

1986 - [[Ben Offereins]] -Australian runner

1986 - [[Chihiro Otsuka]] -Japanese actress

1987 - [[Jessica Hardy]] -American swimmer

1987 - [[Teimour Radjabov]] -Azerbaijani chess player

1987 - [[Chris Seitz]] -American soccer player

1987 - [[Chris Stark]] -English radio host

1987 - [[Rico Vonck]] -Dutch darts player

1987 - [[Hiroomi Tosaka]] -Japanese singer and actor (Sandaime J Soul Brothers from Exile Tribe)

1987 - [[Meg Turney]] -American webshow hostess.

1988 - [[Sebastian Brendel]] -German canoe racer

1988 - [[Konstantinos Mitroglou]] -Greek footballer

1988 - [[Tyler Ward]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1988 - [[Myles Weston]] -English footballer

1989 - [[Tyler Clary]] -American swimmer

1989 - [[Richard Eckersley (footballer)|Richard Eckersley]] -English footballer

1989 - [[Siim Luts]] -Estonian footballer

1989 - [[Mark Sirõk]] -Estonian activist

1990 - [[Lawrence Clarke (athlete)|Lawrence Clarke]] -English hurdler

1990 - [[Kai-Fabian Schulz]] -German footballer

1991 - [[Felix Kroos]] -German footballer

1992 - [[Cian Bolger]] -Irish footballer

1994 - [[Christina Grimmie]] -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1994 - [[Tyler Patrick Jones]] -American actor and producer

1995 - [[Kanon Fukuda]] -Japanese singer and voice actress (S/mileage, Minimoni, and Shugo Chara Egg!)

1996 - [[Robert Bartczak]] -Polish footballer

1996 - [[Aristo Sham]] -Hong Kong pianist

1999 - [[Sakura Oda]] -Japanese singer (Morning Musume)

2003 - [[Andrea Brillantes]] -Filipino actress

History of Deaths


604 - [[Pope Gregory I]] -(b. 540)

1289 - [[Demetrius II of Georgia]] -(b. 1259)

1316 - [[Stefan Dragutin of Serbia]] -(b. 1253)

1374 - [[Emperor Go-Kōgon]] -of Japan (b. 1336)

1507 - [[Cesare Borgia]] -Italian cardinal (b. 1475)

1608 - [[Kōriki Kiyonaga]] -Japanese daimyo (b. 1530)

1628 - [[John Bull (composer)|John Bull]] -English organist and composer (b. 1562)

1648 - [[Tirso de Molina]] -Spanish monk and poet (b. 1571)

1681 - [[Frans van Mieris the Elder]] -Dutch painter (b. 1635)

1699 - [[Peder Griffenfeld]] -Danish politician (b. 1635)

1703 - [[Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford]] -(b. 1627)

1790 - [[András Hadik]] -Hungarian field marshal (b. 1710)

1820 - [[Alexander Mackenzie (explorer)|Alexander Mackenzie]] -Scottish explorer and politician (b. 1764)

1832 - [[Friedrich Kuhlau]] -German-Danish pianist and composer (b. 1786)

1858 - [[William James Blacklock]] -English-Scottish painter (b. 1816)

1872 - [[Zeng Guofan]] -Chinese general and politician, Viceroy of Liangjiang (b. 1811)

1894 - [[Illarion Pryanishnikov]] -Russian painter (b. 1840)

1898 - [[Zachris Topelius]] -Finnish-Swedish journalist, historian, and author (b. 1818)

1909 - [[Joseph Petrosino]] -American police officer (b. 1860)

1914 - [[George Westinghouse]] -American engineer and businessman (b. 1846)

1916 - [[Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach]] -Austrian author (b. 1830)

1925 - [[Gergely Luthár]] -Slovenian-Hungarian author (b. 1841)

1925 - [[Sun Yat-sen]] -Chinese physician and politician, 1st List of Presidents of the Republic of China|President of the Republic of China (b. 1866)

1929 - [[Asa Griggs Candler]] -American businessman and politician, 44th List of mayors of Atlanta|Mayor of Atlanta (b. 1851)

1929 - [[William Turner Dannat]] -American painter (b. 1853)

1930 - [[William George Barker]] -Canadian colonel and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1894)

1930 - [[Alois Jirásek]] -Czech author and playwright (b. 1851)

1935 - [[Mihajlo Pupin]] -Serbian-American physicist and chemist (b. 1858)

1937 - [[Jenő Hubay]] -Hungarian violinist and composer (b. 1858)

1937 - [[Charles-Marie Widor]] -French organist and composer (b. 1844)

1942 - [[Robert Bosch]] -German engineer and businessman, founded Robert Bosch GmbH (b. 1861)

1942 - [[William Henry Bragg]] -English physicist, chemist, and mathematician, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

1943 - [[Gustav Vigeland]] -Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)

1945 - [[Friedrich Fromm]] -German general (b. 1861)

1946 - [[Ferenc Szálasi]] -Hungarian soldier and politician, List of heads of state of Hungary|Head of State of Hungary (b. 1897)

1947 - [[Winston Churchill (novelist)|Winston Churchill]] -American author and playwright (b. 1871)

1955 - [[Charlie Parker]] -American saxophonist and composer (b. 1920)

1960 - [[Kshitimohan Sen]] -Indian historian, author, and academic (b. 1880)

1963 - [[Arthur Grimsdell]] -English footballer and cricketer (b. 1894)

1971 - [[August Torma]] -Estonian soldier and diplomat (b. 1895)

1973 - [[Frankie Frisch]] -American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)

1974 - [[George D. Sax]] -American banker and businessman (b. 1904)

1975 - [[Olga Hepnarová]] -Czech murderer (b. 1951)

1978 - [[John Cazale]] -American actor (b. 1935)

1978 - [[Gene Moore (outfielder)|Gene Moore]] -American baseball player (b. 1909)

1979 - [[Nader Jahanbani]] -Iranian general and pilot (b. 1928)

1984 - [[Arnold Ridley]] -English actor and playwright (b. 1896)

1985 - [[Eugene Ormandy]] -Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (b. 1899)

1987 - [[Woody Hayes]] -American football player and coach (b. 1913)

1988 - [[Romare Bearden]] -American painter (b. 1911)

1989 - [[Maurice Evans (actor)|Maurice Evans]] -English actor and producer (b. 1901)

1991 - [[Ragnar Granit]] -Finnish-Swedish neuroscientist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)

1991 - [[William Heinesen]] -Faroese author, poet, and author (b. 1900)

1992 - [[Hans G. Kresse]] -Dutch cartoonist (b. 1921)

1995 - [[Juanin Clay]] -American actress (b. 1949)

1998 - [[Jozef Kroner]] -Slovak actor (b. 1924)

1998 - [[Beatrice Wood]] -American painter and potter (b. 1893)

1999 - [[Yehudi Menuhin]] -American-Swiss violinist and conductor (b. 1916)

2001 - [[Morton Downey, Jr.]] -American singer-songwriter and talk show host (b. 1933)

2001 - [[Robert Ludlum]] -American author (b. 1927)

2001 - [[Victor Westhoff]] -Dutch botanist and academic (b. 1916)

2002 - [[Spyros Kyprianou]] -Cypriot lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Cyprus (b. 1932)

2002 - [[Jean-Paul Riopelle]] -Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1923)

2003 - [[Zoran Đinđić]] -Serbian philosopher and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1952)

2003 - [[Howard Fast]] -American author (b. 1914)

2003 - [[Andrey Kivilev]] -Kazakh cyclist (b. 1973)

2003 - [[Lynne Thigpen]] -American actress and singer (b. 1948)

2004 - [[Milton Resnick]] -Russian-American painter (b. 1917)

2005 - [[Bill Cameron]] -Canadian journalist and producer (b. 1943)

2005 - [[Stavros Kouyioumtzis]] -Greek composer (b. 1932)

2006 - [[Victor Sokolov]] -Russian-American priest and journalist (b. 1947)

2007 - [[Arnold Drake]] -American author and screenwriter (b. 1924)

2008 - [[Jorge Guinzburg]] -Argentinian journalist and producer (b. 1949)

2008 - [[Lazare Ponticelli]] -Italian-French soldier (b. 1897)

2010 - [[Miguel Delibes]] -Spanish journalist and author (b. 1920)

2011 - [[Olive Dickason]] -Canadian historian and journalist (b. 1920)

2011 - [[Joe Morello]] -American drummer (Dave Brubeck Quartet) (b. 1923)

2011 - [[Nilla Pizzi]] -Italian singer (b. 1919)

2012 - [[Hasan Gafoor]] -Indian police officer (b. 1949)

2012 - [[Samuel Glazer]] -American businessman, co-founded Mr. Coffee (b. 1923)

2012 - [[Dick Harter]] -American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)

2012 - [[Michael Hossack]] -American drummer (The Doobie Brothers) (b. 1946)

2012 - [[Friedhelm Konietzka]] -German-Swiss footballer and manager (b. 1938)

2013 - [[George Burditt (lawyer)|George Burditt]] -American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)

2013 - [[Clive Burr]] -English drummer and songwriter (Iron Maiden, Samson (band)|Samson, and Trust (band)|Trust) (b. 1957)

2013 - [[Stanley Cole (architect)|Stanley Cole]] -American architect (b. 1924)

2013 - [[Michael Grigsby]] -English director and producer (b. 1936)

2013 - [[Ganesh Pyne]] -Indian painter and illustrator (b. 1937)

2014 - [[Věra Chytilová]] -Czech actress, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)

2014 - [[Richard Coogan]] -American actor (b. 1914)

2014 - [[Paul C. Donnelly]] -American scientist and engineer (b. 1923)

2014 - [[Jackie Gaughan]] -American businessman (b. 1920)

2014 - [[Shawn Kuykendall]] -American soccer player (b. 1982)

2014 - [[Ola L. Mize]] -American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1931)

2014 - [[José Policarpo]] -Portuguese cardinal (b. 1936)

2015 - [[Willie Barrow]] -American minister and activist (b. 1924)

2015 - [[Erol Büyükburç]] -Turkish singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1936)

2015 - [[Michael Graves]] -American architect, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building (b. 1934)

2015 - [[Ada Jafri]] -Pakistani poet and author (b. 1924)

2015 - [[Terry Pratchett]] -English journalist, author, and screenwriter (b. 1948)

2015 - [[Carl, Prince of Wied]] -(b. 1961)

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