This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


363 - [[Roman Emperor]] -Julian (emperor)|Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to Julian's Persian expedition|attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.

1046 - [[Naser Khosrow]] -begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book ''Safarnama''.

1279 - [[Livonian Order]] -is defeated in the Battle of Aizkraukle by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

1496 - [[Henry VII of England]] -issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorising them to explore unknown lands.

1616 - [[Nicolaus Copernicus]] -s book ''De revolutionibus orbium coelestium'' is banned by the Catholic Church

1766 - [[Antonio de Ulloa]] -the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.

1770 - [[Boston Massacre]] -Five United States|Americans, including Crispus Attucks, are fatally shot by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence) five years later.

1811 - [[Peninsular War]] -A French force under the command of Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno|Marshal Victor is routed while trying to prevent an Anglo-Spanish-Portuguese army from lifting the Siege of Cádiz in the Battle of Barrosa.

1824 - [[First Anglo-Burmese War]] -The British officially declare war on Burma.

1836 - [[Samuel Colt]] -patents the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.

1850 - [[Britannia Bridge]] -across the Menai Strait between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

1860 - [[Parma]] -Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.

1868 - [[Mefistofele]] -', an opera by Arrigo Boito receives its première performance at La Scala.

1872 - [[George Westinghouse]] -patents the railway air brake|air brake.

1906 - [[Moro Rebellion]] -United States Army troops bring overwhelming force against the native Moro people|Moros in the First Battle of Bud Dajo, leaving only six survivors.

1912 - [[Italo-Turkish War]] -Kingdom of Italy|Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, employing them for reconnaissance behind Ottoman Empire|Turkish lines.

1931 - [[Viceroy]] -of British Raj|India, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) Gandhi–Irwin Pact|sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing salt to be freely used by the poorest members of the population.

1933 - [[Great Depression]] -President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "Emergency Banking Act|bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions.

1933 - [[Adolf Hitler]] -s Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the German federal election, March 1933|Reichstag elections. This later allows the Nazis to pass the Enabling Act of 1933|Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship.

1936 - [[Supermarine Spitfire]] -advanced monoplane fighter aircraft in the United Kingdom.

1940 - [[Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union|Soviet politburo]] -including General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union|General Secretary Joseph Stalin, sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish Prisoner of War|POWs, in what will become known as the Katyn massacre.

1943 - [[Gloster Meteor]] -jet aircraft in the United Kingdom.

1944 - [[World War II]] -The Red Army begins the Uman–Botoșani Offensive in the western Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic|Ukrainian SSR.

1946 - [[Winston Churchill]] -coins the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.

1946 - [[Hungarian People's Republic|Hungarian]] -communism|Communists and Social democracy|Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc (Hungary)|Left Bloc.

1960 - [[Cuba]] -photographer Alberto Korda takes his Guerrillero Heroico|iconic photograph of Marxism|Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara|Ernesto "Che" Guevara.

1965 - [[March Intifada]] -A Left-wing politics|Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.

1966 - [[BOAC Flight 911]] -crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124.

1970 - [[Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty]] -goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.

1974 - [[Yom Kippur War]] -Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.

1978 - [[Landsat program|Landsat 3]] -is launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

1979 - [[Venera 11]] -Venera 12 and the American solar satellite Helios (spacecraft)|Helios II all are hit by Gamma-ray burst|"off the scale" gamma rays leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters.

1979 - [[Voyager 1]] -spacecraft has its closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles.

1981 - [[ZX81]] -a pioneering British home computer, is launched by Sinclair Research and would go on to sell over 1.5 million units around the world.

1982 - [[Venera 14]] -landed on Venus.

1984 - [[UK miners' strike (1984–85)|strike]] -at Cortonwood Colliery.

2003 - [[Haifa]] -17 Israeli civilians are killed by in the Haifa bus 37 suicide bombing.

2012 - [[Invisible Children, Inc.|Invisible Children]] -launches the Stop Kony campaign with the release of Kony 2012.

2012 - [[2012 Bucharest hair salon shooting|shooting in a hair salon]] -in Bucharest, Romania.

Famous Birthdays


1133 - [[Henry II of England]] -(d. 1189)

1324 - [[David II of Scotland]] -(d. 1371)

1326 - [[Louis I of Hungary]] -(d. 1382)

1512 - [[Gerardus Mercator]] -Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher (d. 1594)

1563 - [[John Coke]] -English politician (d. 1644)

1575 - [[William Oughtred]] -English minister and mathematician (d. 1660)

1585 - [[John George I, Elector of Saxony]] -(d. 1656)

1585 - [[Frederick I, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg]] -(d. 1638)

1658 - [[Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac]] -French explorer and politician, 3rd List of colonial governors of Louisiana|Colonial Governor of Louisiana (d. 1730)

1693 - [[Johann Jakob Wettstein]] -Swiss theologian and scholar (d. 1754)

1696 - [[Giovanni Battista Tiepolo]] -Italian painter (d. 1770)

1703 - [[Vasily Trediakovsky]] -Russian poet and playwright (d. 1768)

1713 - [[Edward Cornwallis]] -English general and politician, Governor of Gibraltar (d. 1776)

1713 - [[Frederick Cornwallis]] -English archbishop (d. 1783)

1723 - [[Princess Mary of Great Britain]] -(d. 1773)

1739 - [[Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge]] -American colonel and physician (d. 1819)

1748 - [[Jonas Carlsson Dryander]] -Swedish botanist and biologist (d. 1810)

1748 - [[William Shield]] -English violinist and composer (d. 1829)

1750 - [[Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison]] -French scholar and academic (d. 1805)

1751 - [[Jan Křtitel Kuchař]] -Czech organist, composer, and educator (d. 1829)

1794 - [[Jacques Babinet]] -French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d. 1872)

1794 - [[Robert Cooper Grier]] -American lawyer and jurist (d. 1870)

1814 - [[Wilhelm von Giesebrecht]] -German historian and academic (d. 1889)

1815 - [[John Wentworth (Illinois)|John Wentworth]] -American journalist and politician, 19th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1888)

1817 - [[Austen Henry Layard]] -English archaeologist, academic, and politician, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (d. 1894)

1836 - [[Charles Goodnight]] -American rancher and soldier (d. 1929)

1853 - [[Howard Pyle]] -American author and illustrator (d. 1911)

1862 - [[Siegbert Tarrasch]] -German chess player (d. 1934)

1867 - [[Louis-Alexandre Taschereau]] -Canadian lawyer and politician, 14th Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)

1869 - [[Michael von Faulhaber]] -German cardinal (d. 1952)

1870 - [[Frank Norris]] -American journalist and author (d. 1902)

1871 - [[Rosa Luxemburg]] -Polish-Russian economist and philosopher (d. 1919)

1871 - [[Konstantinos Pallis]] -Greek general (d. 1941)

1873 - [[Olav Bjaaland]] -Norwegian skier and explorer (d. 1961)

1874 - [[Henry Travers]] -English-American actor (d. 1965)

1879 - [[William Beveridge]] -Bangladeshi-English economist and academic (d. 1963)

1879 - [[Andres Larka]] -Estonian general and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of War (d. 1943)

1882 - [[Dora Marsden]] -English author and activist (d. 1960)

1883 - [[Marius Barbeau]] -Canadian ethnographer and academic (d. 1969)

1886 - [[Dong Biwu]] -Chinese judge and politician, List of Presidents of the People's Republic of China|Chairman of the People's Republic of China (d. 1975)

1887 - [[Heitor Villa-Lobos]] -Brazilian guitarist and composer (d. 1959)

1897 - [[Set Persson]] -Swedish politician (d. 1960)

1898 - [[Zhou Enlai]] -Chinese politician, 1st Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 1976)

1898 - [[Soong May-ling]] -Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-shek, 2nd List of spouses of the presidents of the Republic of China|First Lady of China (d. 2003)

1898 - [[Misao Okawa]] -Japanese super-centenarian (d. 2015)

1901 - [[Louis Kahn]] -American architect and academic (d. 1974)

1904 - [[Karl Rahner]] -German priest and theologian (d. 1984)

1908 - [[Irving Fiske]] -American author and playwright (d. 1990)

1908 - [[Rex Harrison]] -English-American actor and singer (d. 1990)

1910 - [[Momofuku Ando]] -Taiwanese-Japanese businessman, founded Nissin Foods (d. 2007)

1913 - [[Gangubai Hangal]] -Indian singer (d. 2009)

1914 - [[Philip Farkas]] -American horn player (d. 1992)

1914 - [[Ursula Reit]] -German actress (d. 1998)

1915 - [[Henry Hicks (Nova Scotia politician)|Henry Hicks]] -Canadian academic and politician; 16th Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 1990)

1915 - [[Laurent Schwartz]] -French mathematician and academic (d. 2002)

1916 - [[Jack Hamm]] -American illustrator (d. 1996)

1918 - [[Milt Schmidt]] -Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1918 - [[Red Storey]] -Canadian football player, referee, and sportscaster (d. 2006)

1918 - [[James Tobin]] -American economist and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)

1919 - [[Myron H. Bright]] -American captain and judge

1920 - [[José Aboulker]] -Algerian surgeon and activist (d. 2009)

1920 - [[Virginia Christine]] -American actress (d. 1996)

1920 - [[Leontine T. Kelly]] -American bishop (d. 2012)

1921 - [[Elmer Valo]] -American baseball player and coach (d. 1998)

1922 - [[James Noble (actor)|James Noble]] -American actor and producer

1922 - [[Pier Paolo Pasolini]] -Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1975)

1923 - [[Juan A. Rivero]] -Puerto Rican biologist and academic, founded Dr. Juan A. Rivero Zoo (d. 2014)

1923 - [[Laurence Tisch]] -American businessman, co-founded the Loews Corporation (d. 2003)

1927 - [[Jack Cassidy]] -American actor and singer (d. 1976)

1928 - [[J. Hillis Miller]] -American academic and critic

1928 - [[Harry Birrell]] -American news reporter (d. 2013)

1929 - [[Erik Carlsson]] -Swedish race car driver (d. 2015)

1929 - [[J. B. Lenoir]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1967)

1930 - [[John Ashley (ice hockey)|John Ashley]] -Canadian ice hockey player and referee (d. 2008)

1930 - [[Del Crandall]] -American baseball player and manager

1930 - [[David Garth]] -American political advertising consultant (d. 2014)

1931 - [[Fred (cartoonist)|Fred]] -French author and illustrator (d. 2013)

1931 - [[Anthony Hedges]] -English composer and academic

1931 - [[Jean-Paul Roussillon]] -French actor (d. 2009)

1931 - [[Barry Tuckwell]] -Australian horn player and educator

1932 - [[Gertan Klauber]] -Czech-English actor (d. 2008)

1933 - [[Tommy Tucker (singer)|Tommy Tucker]] -American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1982)

1934 - [[Daniel Kahneman]] -Israeli- American economist and psychologist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences|Nobel Prize laureate

1934 - [[Halit Refiğ]] -Turkish director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2009)

1934 - [[James Sikking]] -American actor

1935 - [[Philip K. Chapman]] -Australian-American astronaut and engineer

1935 - [[Paul Sand]] -American actor

1936 - [[Canaan Banana]] -Zimbabwean minister and politician, 1st President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)

1936 - [[Dean Stockwell]] -American actor and singer

1937 - [[Olusegun Obasanjo]] -Nigerian general and politician, 5th President of Nigeria

1938 - [[Paul Evans (musician)|Paul Evans]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1938 - [[Lynn Margulis]] -American biologist and academic (d. 2011)

1938 - [[Fred Williamson]] -American football player, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1939 - [[Samantha Eggar]] -English actress and singer

1939 - [[Benyamin Sueb]] -Indonesian comedian, actor, and singer (d. 1995)

1939 - [[Peter Woodcock]] -Canadian murderer (d. 2010)

1939 - [[Pierre Wynants]] -Belgian chef

1940 - [[Tom Butler (bishop)|Tom Butler]] -English bishop

1941 - [[Des Wilson]] -New Zealand-English businessman and activist

1942 - [[Felipe González]] -Spanish lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Spain

1942 - [[Mike Resnick]] -American author

1943 - [[Billy Backus]] -American boxer

1943 - [[Lucio Battisti]] -Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1998)

1944 - [[Peter Brandes]] -Danish painter and sculptor

1944 - [[Roy Gutman]] -American journalist and author

1946 - [[Richard Bell (Canadian musician)|Richard Bell]] -Canadian pianist (Full Tilt Boogie Band, The Band, Crowbar (Canadian band)|Crowbar, and Blackie and the Rodeo Kings) (d. 2007)

1946 - [[Mem Fox]] -Australian author and academic

1946 - [[Murray Head]] -English actor and singer

1946 - [[Lova Moor]] -French singer and dancer

1946 - [[Michael Warren (actor)|Michael Warren]] -American basketball player and actor

1947 - [[Eddie Hodges]] -American actor and singer

1947 - [[Clodagh Rodgers]] -Northern Irish singer and actress

1947 - [[Tom Russell]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1947 - [[Kent Tekulve]] -American baseball player and sportscaster

1948 - [[Paquirri]] -Spanish bullfighter (d. 1984)

1948 - [[Eddy Grant]] -Guyanese-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Equals)

1948 - [[Richard Hickox]] -English conductor and scholar (d. 2008)

1948 - [[Elaine Paige]] -English singer and actress

1948 - [[A. Rafiq]] -Indonesian singer and actor (d. 2013)

1949 - [[Leszek Błażyński]] -Polish boxer (d. 1992)

1949 - [[Franz Josef Jung]] -German lawyer and politician, Federal Ministry of Defence (Germany)|German Federal Minister of Defence

1951 - [[Lat]] -Malaysian cartoonist

1952 - [[Alan Clark (keyboardist)|Alan Clark]] -English keyboard player (Dire Straits)

1952 - [[Mike Squires]] -American baseball player and scout

1953 - [[Michael Sandel]] -American philosopher and educator

1953 - [[Tokyo Sexwale]] -South African businessman and politician, 1st Premier of Gauteng

1954 - [[Barry Lee Fairchild]] -American murderer (d. 1995)

1954 - [[Jack Stamp]] -American conductor and composer

1954 - [[Marsha Warfield]] -American actress and singer

1955 - [[Julien Dray]] -French politician

1955 - [[Penn Jillette]] -American magician, actor, and author

1956 - [[Adriana Barraza]] -Mexican actress and director

1956 - [[Teena Marie]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2010)

1956 - [[Marco Paolini]] -Italian actor and author

1956 - [[Christopher Snowden]] -English engineer and academic

1957 - [[Mark E. Smith]] -English singer-songwriter (The Fall (band)|The Fall and Von Südenfed)

1957 - [[Ray Suarez]] -American journalist and author

1958 - [[Andy Gibb]] -English-Australian singer (d. 1988)

1959 - [[Mike Byster]] -American mathematician and academic

1959 - [[David Fury]] -American screenwriter and producer

1959 - [[Tsukasa Hojo]] -Japanese illustrator

1959 - [[Vazgen Sargsyan]] -Armenian colonel and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 1999)

1960 - [[Paul Drayson, Baron Drayson]] -English businessman and politician, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology

1960 - [[David Tibet]] -English singer-songwriter (Current 93 and Death in June)

1962 - [[Jonathan Penner]] -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1962 - [[The Proclaimers|Charlie Reid]] -Scottish singer-songwriter (The Proclaimers)

1962 - [[The Proclaimers|Craig Reid]] -Scottish singer-songwriter (The Proclaimers)

1963 - [[Joel Osteen]] -American pastor, author, and television host

1964 - [[Bertrand Cantat]] -French singer-songwriter (Noir Désir)

1965 - [[José Semedo (footballer, born 1965)|José Semedo]] -Portuguese footballer

1966 - [[Mark Z. Danielewski]] -American author

1966 - [[Oh Eun-sun]] -South-Korean mountaineer

1966 - [[Bob Halkidis]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1966 - [[Michael Irvin]] -American football player, sportscaster, and actor

1966 - [[Aasif Mandvi]] -Indian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1968 - [[Gordon Bajnai]] -Hungarian businessman and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Hungary

1968 - [[Theresa Villiers]] -English lawyer and politician, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

1969 - [[Paul Blackthorne]] -English actor

1969 - [[Danny King (author)|Danny King]] -English author and playwright

1969 - [[Moussa Saïb]] -Algerian footballer and manager

1969 - [[MC Solaar]] -Senegalese-French rapper

1970 - [[Rome (musician)|Rome]] -American singer

1970 - [[Mike Brown (basketball, born 1970)|Mike Brown]] -American basketball player and coach

1970 - [[John Frusciante]] -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Red Hot Chili Peppers, Swahili Blonde, and Ataxia (band)|Ataxia)

1971 - [[Greg Berry]] -English footballer and coach

1971 - [[Jeffrey Hammonds]] -American baseball player and scout

1971 - [[Yuri Lowenthal]] -American voice actor, producer, and screenwriter

1971 - [[Filip Meirhaeghe]] -Belgian cyclist

1971 - [[Scott Mosier]] -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1972 - [[Brian Grant]] -American basketball player

1972 - [[Luca Turilli]] -Italian guitarist and songwriter (Rhapsody of Fire, and Luca Turilli's Rhapsody, and Luca Turilli's Dreamquest)

1973 - [[Yannis Anastasiou]] -Greek footballer and manager

1973 - [[Nelly Arcan]] -Canadian author (d. 2009)

1973 - [[Ryan Franklin]] -American baseball player

1973 - [[Nicole Pratt]] -Australian tennis player and coach

1974 - [[Kevin Connolly (actor)|Kevin Connolly]] -American actor and director

1974 - [[Jens Jeremies]] -German footballer

1974 - [[Matt Lucas]] -English comedian, actor, singer, and screenwriter

1974 - [[Eva Mendes]] -American actress and singer

1974 - [[Jill Ritchie]] -American actress

1975 - [[Jolene Blalock]] -American actress

1975 - [[Luciano Burti]] -Brazilian race car driver

1975 - [[Sasho Petrovski]] -Australian footballer

1975 - [[Niki Taylor]] -American model

1975 - [[Sergei Ivanov (cyclist)|Sergei Ivanov]] -Russian cyclist

1976 - [[Šarūnas Jasikevičius]] -Lithuanian basketball player and coach

1976 - [[Paul Konerko]] -American baseball player

1976 - [[Chiwoniso Maraire]] -Zimbabwean singer-songwriter (d. 2013)

1976 - [[Tim Sylvia]] -American mixed martial artist and wrestler

1977 - [[Bryan Berard]] -American ice hockey player

1977 - [[Mike MacDougal]] -American baseball player

1977 - [[Wally Szczerbiak]] -American basketball player and sportscaster

1978 - [[Jared Crouch]] -Australian footballer

1978 - [[Mike Hessman]] -American baseball player

1978 - [[Kimberly McCullough]] -American actress, singer, and dancer

1978 - [[Carlos Ochoa]] -Mexican footballer

1979 - [[Tang Gonghong]] -Chinese weightlifter

1980 - [[Shay Carl]] -American businessman, co-founded Maker Studios

1981 - [[Hanna Alström]] -Swedish actress

1981 - [[Barret Jackman]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1981 - [[Paul Martin (ice hockey)|Paul Martin]] -American ice hockey player

1981 - [[Shugo Oshinari]] -Japanese actor

1981 - [[Andreas Wiig]] -Norwegian snowboarder

1982 - [[Dan Carter|Daniel Carter]] -New Zealand rugby player

1982 - [[Giorgia Palmas]] -Italian model and television host

1983 - [[Édgar Dueñas]] -Mexican footballer

1984 - [[Aarthi Agarwal]] -American actress (d. 2015)

1984 - [[Ryan Crowley]] -Australian footballer

1984 - [[Guillaume Hoarau]] -French footballer

1985 - [[David Marshall (footballer)|David Marshall]] -Scottish footballer

1985 - [[Kenichi Matsuyama]] -Japanese actor

1985 - [[Brad Mills (pitcher)|Brad Mills]] -American baseball player

1986 - [[Matty Fryatt]] -English footballer

1986 - [[Kimberlee Green]] -Australian netball player

1986 - [[Carlos Quintero (cyclist)|Carlos Quintero]] -Colombian cyclist

1986 - [[Ellen Whitaker]] -English horse rider

1987 - [[Anna Chakvetadze]] -Russian tennis player

1988 - [[Trevor Carson]] -Irish footballer

1988 - [[Bjarni Viðarsson]] -Icelandic footballer

1989 - [[Sterling Knight]] -American actor and singer

1989 - [[Jake Lloyd]] -American actor

1990 - [[İlham Tanui Özbilen]] -Kenyan-Turkish runner

1990 - [[Alex Smithies]] -English footballer

1991 - [[Daniil Trifonov]] -Russian pianist and composer

1993 - [[El-Hadji Ba]] -French footballer

1993 - [[Joshua Coyne]] -American violinist and composer

1993 - [[Alexa Dectis]] -American singer and actress

1993 - [[Artur Pikk]] -Estonian footballer

1994 - [[Daria Gavrilova]] -Russian tennis player

1994 - [[Sajjad Mashayekhi]] -Iranian basketball player

1994 - [[Aislinn Paul]] -Canadian actress

1995 - [[Jun Shison]] -Japanese actor

1999 - [[Madison Beer]] -American singer and actress

History of Deaths


254 - [[Pope Lucius I]] -(b. 200)

1239 - [[Hermann Balk]] -German knight

1534 - [[Antonio da Correggio]] -Italian painter (b. 1489)

1539 - [[Nuno da Cunha]] -Portuguese admiral and politician, List of governors of Portuguese India|Governor of Portuguese India (b. 1487)

1611 - [[Shimazu Yoshihisa]] -Japanese daimyo (b. 1533)

1622 - [[Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma]] -(b. 1569)

1695 - [[Henry Wharton]] -English librarian and author (b. 1664)

1726 - [[Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull]] -English politician, Lord President of the Council (b. 1655)

1731 - [[Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi]] -Syrian scholar and author (b. 1641)

1770 - [[Crispus Attucks]] -American slave (b. 1723)

1776 - [[Yeongjo of Joseon]] -(b. 1694)

1778 - [[Thomas Arne]] -English composer and educator (b. 1710)

1815 - [[Franz Mesmer]] -German physician and astrologist (b. 1734)

1827 - [[Pierre-Simon Laplace]] -French mathematician and astronomer (b. 1749)

1827 - [[Alessandro Volta]] -Italian physicist and academic (b. 1745)

1829 - [[John Adams (mutineer)|John Adams]] -English sailor (b. 1766)

1849 - [[David Scott (painter)|David Scott]] -Scottish painter (b. 1806)

1876 - [[Marie d'Agoult]] -German-French historian and author (b. 1805)

1893 - [[Hippolyte Taine]] -French historian and critic (b. 1828)

1895 - [[Nikolai Leskov]] -Russian author, playwright, and journalist (b. 1831)

1895 - [[Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet]] -English general and scholar (b. 1810)

1903 - [[George Francis Robert Henderson]] -English colonel and author (b. 1854)

1904 - [[John Lowther du Plat Taylor]] -English colonel (b. 1829)

1907 - [[Friedrich Blass]] -German philologist, scholar, and academic (b. 1843)

1923 - [[Dora Pejačević]] -Croatian composer (b. 1885)

1925 - [[Johan Jensen (mathematician)|Johan Jensen]] -Danish mathematician and engineer (b. 1859)

1926 - [[Clément Ader]] -French engineer, designed the Ader Avion III (b. 1841)

1927 - [[Franz Mertens]] -Polish-Austrian mathematician and academic (b. 1840)

1928 - [[Lidia Quaranta]] -Italian actress (b. 1891)

1929 - [[David Dunbar Buick]] -Scottish-American businessman, founded Buick (b. 1854)

1931 - [[Arthur Tooth]] -English priest (b. 1839)

1934 - [[Reşit Galip]] -Turkish academic and politician, 6th List of Ministers of National Education of Turkey|Turkish Minister of National Education (b. 1893)

1935 - [[Roque Ruaño]] -Spanish priest and engineer (b. 1877)

1940 - [[Cai Yuanpei]] -Chinese philosopher and academic (b. 1868)

1944 - [[Max Jacob]] -French poet and author (b. 1876)

1945 - [[Lena Baker]] -American murderer (b. 1901)

1947 - [[Alfredo Casella]] -Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1883)

1950 - [[Edgar Lee Masters]] -American poet, author, and playwright (b. 1868)

1950 - [[Roman Shukhevych]] -Ukrainian general and politician (b. 1907)

1953 - [[Herman J. Mankiewicz]] -American screenwriter and producer (b. 1897)

1953 - [[Sergei Prokofiev]] -Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1891)

1953 - [[Joseph Stalin]] -Russian marshal and politician, 3rd List of leaders of the Soviet Union|leader of the Soviet Union (b. 1878)

1955 - [[Antanas Merkys]] -Lithuanian lawyer and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Lithuania (b. 1888)

1962 - [[Libero Liberati]] -Italian motorcycle racer (b. 1926)

1963 - [[Patsy Cline]] -American singer-songwriter (b. 1932)

1963 - [[Cowboy Copas]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1913)

1963 - [[Hawkshaw Hawkins]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1921)

1965 - [[Chen Cheng]] -Chinese general and politician, 27th List of premiers of the Republic of China|Premier of the Republic of China (b. 1897)

1965 - [[Pepper Martin]] -American baseball player and manager (b. 1904)

1966 - [[Anna Akhmatova]] -Ukrainian-Russian poet, author, and translator (b. 1889)

1967 - [[Mohammad Mosaddegh]] -Iranian political scientist and politician, 60th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1882)

1967 - [[Georges Vanier]] -Canadian general and politician, 19th Governor General of Canada (b. 1888)

1971 - [[Allan Nevins]] -American journalist and author (b. 1890)

1973 - [[Michael Jeffery (manager)|Michael Jeffery]] -English talent manager (b. 1933)

1973 - [[Robert C. O'Brien (author)|Robert C. O'Brien]] -American journalist and author (b. 1918)

1974 - [[John Samuel Bourque]] -Canadian colonel and politician (b. 1894)

1974 - [[Billy De Wolfe]] -American actor and singer (b. 1907)

1974 - [[Sol Hurok]] -Ukrainian-American businessman (b. 1888)

1976 - [[Otto Tief]] -Estonian lawyer and politician, List of heads of government of Estonia|Prime Minister of Estonia (b. 1889)

1977 - [[Tom Pryce]] -Welsh race car driver (b. 1949)

1980 - [[Jay Silverheels]] -Canadian-American actor (b. 1912)

1980 - [[Winifred Wagner]] -English-German wife of Siegfried Wagner (b. 1897)

1981 - [[Yip Harburg]] -American songwriter and composer (b. 1896)

1981 - [[Vidrik Rootare]] -Estonian chess player (b. 1906)

1982 - [[John Belushi]] -American actor, singer, and screenwriter (The Blues Brothers) (b. 1949)

1984 - [[Pierre Cochereau]] -French organist and composer (b. 1924)

1984 - [[Tito Gobbi]] -Italian actor and singer (b. 1915)

1984 - [[William Powell]] -American actor and singer (b. 1892)

1988 - [[Alberto Olmedo]] -Argentinian comedian and actor (b. 1933)

1990 - [[Gary Merrill]] -American actor and director (b. 1915)

1993 - [[Cyril Collard]] -French author, actor, and director (b. 1957)

1995 - [[Gregg Hansford]] -Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1952)

1995 - [[Vivian Stanshall]] -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and Grimms) (b. 1943)

1996 - [[Whit Bissell]] -American actor (b. 1909)

1997 - [[Samm Sinclair Baker]] -American author (b. 1909)

1997 - [[Jean Dréville]] -French director and screenwriter (b. 1906)

1999 - [[Richard Kiley]] -American actor and singer (b. 1922)

2000 - [[Rena Dor]] -Greek actress and singer (b. 1917)

2000 - [[Lolo Ferrari]] -French porn actress and singer (b. 1962)

2004 - [[Walt Gorney]] -Polish-American actor (b. 1912)

2006 - [[Richard Kuklinski]] -American murderer (b. 1935)

2007 - [[Ivan Supek]] -Croatian physicist, philosopher and writer; President of the Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991-1997) (b. 1915)

2008 - [[Joseph Weizenbaum]] -German computer scientist and author (b. 1923)

2011 - [[Manolis Rasoulis]] -Greek singer-songwriter (b. 1945)

2012 - [[Paul Haines (fiction writer)|Paul Haines]] -New Zealand-Australian author (b. 1970)

2012 - [[William Heirens]] -American serial killer (b. 1928)

2012 - [[Philip Madoc]] -Welsh-English actor (b. 1934)

2012 - [[Robert B. Sherman]] -American songwriter and screenwriter (b. 1925)

2012 - [[William O. Wooldridge]] -American sergeant (b. 1922)

2013 - [[Rajasulochana]] -Indian actress and dancer (b. 1935)

2013 - [[Paul Bearer]] -American wrestler and manager (b. 1954)

2013 - [[Hugo Chávez]] -Venezuelan colonel and politician, List of Presidents of Venezuela|President of Venezuela (b. 1954)

2013 - [[Duane Gish]] -American biochemist and academic (b. 1921)

2013 - [[Gorō Naya]] -Japanese voice actor and director (b. 1929)

2014 - [[Geoff Edwards]] -American actor and game show host (b. 1931)

2014 - [[David Garth]] -American political advertising consultant (b. 1930)

2014 - [[Ailsa McKay]] -Scottish economist and academic (b. 1963)

2014 - [[Leopoldo María Panero]] -Spanish poet and translator (b. 1948)

2014 - [[Dave Sampson]] -English singer (b. 1941)

2015 - [[Vlada Divljan]] -Serbian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Idoli and Apartchiks) (b. 1958)

2015 - [[Edward Egan]] -American cardinal (b. 1932)

2015 - [[Albert and David Maysles|Albert Maysles]] -American director and producer (b. 1926)

2015 - [[Jim McCann (musician)|Jim McCann]] -Irish singer and guitarist (The Dubliners and The Ludlows) (b. 1944)

2015 - [[Dirk Shafer]] -American model, actor, and director (b. 1962)

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