This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


1218 - [[Fifth Crusade]] -leaves Acre, Israel|Acre for Egypt.

1276 - [[Magnus III of Sweden|Magnus Ladulås]] -is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.

1487 - [[Lambert Simnel]] -is crowned in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin|Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten Henry VII of England|King Henry VII's reign.

1595 - [[Nomenclator (nomenclature)|Nomenclator]] -' of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.

1607 - [[Jamestown, Virginia|Jamestown]] -the first English colony in America.

1621 - [[Protestant Union]] -is formally dissolved.

1626 - [[Peter Minuit]] -buys Manhattan.

1667 - [[French Royal Army (1652–1830)|French Royal Army]] -crosses the border into the Spanish Netherlands, starting the War of Devolution opposing Kingdom of France|France to the Spanish Empire and the Triple Alliance (1668)|Triple Alliance.

1689 - [[Parliament of England|English Parliament]] -passes the Act of Toleration 1689|Act of Toleration protecting Protestantism|Protestants. Roman Catholics are intentionally excluded.

1738 - [[John Wesley]] -is Born again (Christianity)|converted, essentially launching the Methodism|Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day and a church service is generally held on the preceding Sunday.

1798 - [[Irish Rebellion of 1798]] -led by the Society of United Irishmen|United Irishmen against British rule begins.

1813 - [[Simón Bolívar]] -enters Mérida, Mérida|Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed ''El Libertador'' ("The Liberator").

1822 - [[Battle of Pichincha]] -Antonio José de Sucre secures the independence of the Presidency of Quito.

1830 - [[Mary Had a Little Lamb]] -by Sarah Josepha Hale is published.

1830 - [[Baltimore and Ohio Railroad]] -between Baltimore, and Ellicott's Mills, Maryland.

1832 - [[First Kingdom of Greece]] -is declared in the London Conference of 1832|London Conference.

1844 - [[Samuel Morse]] -sends the message "What hath God wrought" (a Bible|biblical quotation, Book of Numbers|Numbers 23:23) from the Old Supreme Court Chamber in the United States Capitol to his assistant, Alfred Vail, in Baltimore, Maryland, to inaugurate the first Telegraphy|telegraph line.

1856 - [[John Brown (abolitionist)|John Brown]] -and his men Pottawatomie massacre|kill five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.

1861 - [[American Civil War]] -Union (American Civil War)|Union troops occupy Alexandria, Virginia.

1883 - [[Brooklyn Bridge]] -in New York City is opened to traffic after 14 years of construction.

1895 - [[Henry Irving]] -becomes the first person from the theatre to be knighted.

1900 - [[Second Boer War]] -The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State.

1915 - [[World War I]] -Kingdom of Italy|Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary, joining the conflict on the side of Allies of World War I|the Allies.

1921 - [[Sacco and Vanzetti]] -opens.

1930 - [[Amy Johnson]] -lands in Darwin, Northern Territory, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight).

1935 - [[night game]] -in Major League Baseball history is played in Cincinnati, Ohio, with the Cincinnati Reds beating the Philadelphia Phillies 2–1 at Crosley Field.

1939 - [[Fashizmi]] -' is published in Tirana.

1940 - [[Igor Sikorsky]] -performs the first successful single-rotor helicopter flight.

1940 - [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] -leader Joseph Stalin, NKVD agent Iosif Grigulevich orchestrates an unsuccessful assassination attempt on exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky in Coyoacán, Mexico.

1941 - [[World War II]] -In the Battle of the Atlantic, the German battleship Bismarck|German Battleship ''Bismarck'' sinks then-pride of the Royal Navy, {{HMS|Hood|51|6}}, killing all but three crewmen.

1943 - [[The Holocaust]] -Josef Mengele becomes chief medical officer of the Auschwitz concentration camp.

1948 - [[1948 Arab–Israeli War|Arab–Israeli War]] -Egypt Battle of Yad Mordechai|captures the Israeli kibbutz of Yad Mordechai, but the five-day effort gives Israeli forces time to prepare enough to stop the Egyptian advance a week later.

1956 - [[Sixth Buddhist Council]] -on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Gautama Buddha|Buddha's Parinibbāna.

1956 - [[Eurovision Song Contest]] -is held in Lugano, Switzerland.

1958 - [[United Press International]] -is formed through a merger of the United Press and the International News Service.

1960 - [[1960 Valdivia earthquake]] -the largest ever recorded earthquake, Puyehue-Cordón Caulle#1960 eruption|Cordón Caulle begins to erupt.

1961 - [[American civil rights movement]] -Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, for "disturbing the peace" after disembarking from their bus.

1961 - [[Cyprus]] -joins the Council of Europe.

1962 - [[Project Mercury]] -American astronaut Scott Carpenter orbits the Earth three times in the ''Aurora 7'' space capsule.

1963 - [[Baldwin–Kennedy meeting]] -on race relations in the US

1967 - [[Egypt]] -imposes a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.

1968 - [[FLQ]] -separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City.

1970 - [[scientific drilling|drilling]] -of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union.

1976 - [[Concorde]] -service begins.

1976 - [[Judgment of Paris (wine)|Judgment of Paris]] -takes place in France, launching California as a worldwide force in the production of quality wine.

1981 - [[Jaime Roldós Aguilera]] -his wife, and his presidential committee die in an aircraft accident while travelling from Quito to Zapotillo minutes after the president gave a famous speech regarding the 24 de mayo anniversary of the Battle of Pichincha.

1982 - [[Liberation of Khorramshahr]] -Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran–Iraq War.

1988 - [[Section 28]] -of the United Kingdom's Local Government Act 1988, a controversial amendment stating that a Local government in England|local authority cannot intentionally promote homosexuality, is enacted.

1991 - [[Israel]] -conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

1992 - [[Thailand|Thai]] -dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests.

1993 - [[Eritrea]] -gains its independence from Ethiopia.

1994 - [[1993 World Trade Center bombing|bombing the World Trade Center in New York]] -in 1993 are each sentenced to 240 years in prison.

1999 - [[International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia]] -in The Hague, Netherlands indicts Slobodan Milošević and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.

2000 - [[southern Lebanon]] -after 22 years of occupation.

2001 - [[Mountaineering]] -Temba Tsheri, a 16-year-old Sherpa people|Sherpa, becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

2001 - [[Versailles wedding hall disaster]] -in Jerusalem, Israel kills 23 and injures over 200.

2002 - [[Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty|Moscow Treaty]] -

2014 - [[2014 Aegean Sea earthquake|earthquake]] -occurs in the Aegean Sea between Greece and Turkey, injuring 324 people.

2014 - [[Jewish Museum of Belgium shooting|shooting]] -at the Jewish Museum of Belgium in Brussels, Belgium

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