This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: November-20

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


284 - [[Diocletian]] -is chosen as Roman emperor.

762 - [[An Shi Rebellion]] -the Tang dynasty, with the help of Uyghur Khaganate|Huihe tribe, recaptures Luoyang from the rebels.

1194 - [[Palermo]] -is conquered by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.

1407 - [[John the Fearless]] -Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.

1695 - [[Zumbi]] -the last of the leaders of Palmares (quilombo)|Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed by the forces of Portuguese bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho.

1739 - [[Battle of Porto Bello]] -between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

1776 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -British forces land at The Palisades (Hudson River)|the Palisades and then attack Battle of Fort Lee|Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey.

1789 - [[New Jersey]] -becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the United States Bill of Rights|Bill of Rights.

1805 - [[Ludwig van Beethoven|Beethoven's]] -only opera, Fidelio premieres in Vienna.

1820 - [[sperm whale]] -attacks the ''Essex (whaleship)|Essex'' (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. (Herman Melville's 1851 novel ''Moby-Dick'' is in part inspired by this story.)

1845 - [[Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata]] -Battle of Vuelta de Obligado.

1861 - [[American Civil War]] -A secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.

1910 - [[Mexican Revolution]] -Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan of San Luis Potosí|Plan de San Luis Potosí, denouncing Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the Federal government of the United Mexican States|government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.

1917 - [[World War I]] -Battle of Cambrai (1917)|Battle of Cambrai begins: British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.

1917 - [[Ukraine]] -is declared a republic.

1936 - [[José Antonio Primo de Rivera]] -founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.

1940 - [[World War II]] -Kingdom of Hungary|Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers#Hungary|Axis powers.

1943 - [[Battle of Tarawa]] -(Operation Galvanic) begins: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.

1945 - [[Nuremberg trials]] -Trials against 24 Nazism|Nazi war crime|war criminals start at the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg|Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.

1947 - [[Elizabeth II|The Princess Elizabeth]] -marries Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh|Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.

1952 - [[Slánský trials]] -A series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

1962 - [[Cuban Missile Crisis]] -ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.

1969 - [[Vietnam War]] -''The Plain Dealer'' publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam.

1969 - [[Occupation of Alcatraz]] -Native American activists seize control of Alcatraz Island until being ousted by the U.S. Government on June 11, 1971.

1974 - [[United States Department of Justice]] -files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.

1977 - [[Egypt]] -an President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.

1979 - [[Grand Mosque Seizure]] -About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from Pakistani special forces to put down the uprising.

1980 - [[Lake Peigneur]] -drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole.

1982 - [[General Union of Ecuadorian Workers]] -(UGTE) is founded.

1985 - [[Microsoft]] -Windows 1.0 is released.

1989 - [[Velvet Revolution]] -The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.

1991 - [[Azerbaijan]] -Mil Mi-8|MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is 1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown|shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend District of Azerbaijan.

1992 - [[1992 Windsor Castle fire|a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle]] -badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage.

1993 - [[Savings and loan crisis]] -The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.

1994 - [[Angola]] -government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war. (Localized fighting resumes the next year.)

1998 - [[Taliban]] -controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.

1998 - [[International Space Station]] -Zarya, is launched.

2001 - [[George W. Bush]] -dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.

2003 - [[November 15]] -bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank (Turkey)|HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.

2008 - [[Financial crisis of 2007–08|critical failures in the US financial system]] -began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.

Famous Birthdays


270 - [[Maximinus II]] -Roman emperor (d. 313)

1602 - [[Otto von Guericke]] -German physicist and politician (d. 1686)

1620 - [[Avvakum]] -Russian priest and saint (d. 1682)

1625 - [[Paulus Potter]] -Dutch painter (d. 1654)

1660 - [[Daniel Ernst Jablonski]] -Czech-German theologian and reformer (d. 1741)

1750 - [[Tipu Sultan]] -Indian ruler (d. 1799)

1761 - [[Pope Pius VIII]] -(d. 1830)

1765 - [[Thomas Fremantle (Royal Navy officer)|Thomas Fremantle]] -English admiral and politician (d. 1819)

1781 - [[Karl Friedrich Eichhorn]] -German captain and jurist (d. 1854)

1813 - [[Franc Miklošič]] -Slovenian linguist and philologist (d. 1891)

1839 - [[Christian Wilberg]] -German painter and illustrator (d. 1882)

1841 - [[Victor D'Hondt]] -Belgian mathematician, lawyer, and jurist (d. 1901)

1841 - [[Wilfrid Laurier]] -Canadian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1919)

1849 - [[R. A. Jones]] -English clock and watchmaker (d. 1925)

1851 - [[Margherita of Savoy]] -(d. 1926)

1858 - [[Selma Lagerlöf]] -Swedish author, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)

1866 - [[Kenesaw Mountain Landis]] -American lawyer and judge (d. 1944)

1869 - [[Clark Griffith]] -American baseball player and manager (d. 1955)

1874 - [[James Michael Curley]] -American politician, 53rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)

1877 - [[Herbert Pitman]] -English ship officer on the RMS Titanic (d. 1961)

1880 - [[Walter Brack]] -German swimmer (d. 1919)

1880 - [[George McBride]] -American baseball player and manager (d. 1973)

1881 - [[Arthur Marshall (composer)|Arthur Marshall]] -American pianist and composer (d. 1968)

1882 - [[Andy Coakley]] -American baseball player and coach (d. 1963)

1884 - [[Norman Thomas]] -American minister and politician (d. 1968)

1886 - [[Bray Hammond]] -American historian and author (d. 1968)

1886 - [[Robert Hunter (golfer)|Robert Hunter]] -American golfer (d. 1971)

1886 - [[Karl von Frisch]] -Austrian-German ethologist and zoologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)

1889 - [[Edwin Hubble]] -American astronomer and cosmologist (d. 1953)

1892 - [[James Collip]] -Canadian biochemist and academic, co-discovered insulin (d. 1965)

1896 - [[Chiyono Hasegawa]] -Japanese super-centenarian (d. 2011)

1900 - [[Chester Gould]] -American cartoonist, created ''Dick Tracy'' (d. 1985)

1903 - [[Alexandra Danilova]] -Russian-American ballerina and choreographer (d. 1997)

1905 - [[Minoo Masani]] -Indian politician (d. 1998)

1907 - [[Fran Allison]] -American actress and singer (d. 1989)

1907 - [[Henri-Georges Clouzot]] -French director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1977)

1908 - [[Alistair Cooke]] -English-American journalist and author (d. 2004)

1910 - [[Willem Jacob van Stockum]] -Dutch mathematician, pilot, and academic (d. 1944)

1912 - [[Otto von Habsburg]] -Austrian-German husband of Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen (d. 2011)

1913 - [[Judy Canova]] -American actress and singer (d. 1983)

1913 - [[Kostas Choumis]] -Greek footballer (d. 1981)

1914 - [[Emilio Pucci]] -Italian fashion designer and politician (d. 1992)

1915 - [[Kon Ichikawa]] -Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)

1916 - [[Michael J. Ingelido]] -American general (d. 2015)

1916 - [[Evelyn Keyes]] -American actress and singer (d. 2008)

1917 - [[Robert Byrd]] -American lawyer and politician (d. 2010)

1917 - [[Bobby Locke]] -South African golfer (d. 1987)

1918 - [[Corita Kent]] -American nun, illustrator, and educator (d. 1986)

1919 - [[Lucilla Andrews]] -Egyptian-Scottish nurse and author (d. 2006)

1919 - [[Phyllis Thaxter]] -American actress (d. 2012)

1921 - [[Jim Garrison]] -American lawyer and judge (d. 1992)

1923 - [[Nadine Gordimer]] -South African author and activist, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)

1924 - [[Benoit Mandelbrot]] -Polish-American mathematician and economist (d. 2010)

1924 - [[Henk Vredeling]] -Dutch politician, List of Ministers of Defence of the Netherlands|Dutch Minister of Defence (d. 2007)

1925 - [[Kaye Ballard]] -American actress and singer

1925 - [[Robert F. Kennedy]] -American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 64th United States Attorney General (d. 1968)

1925 - [[Maya Plisetskaya]] -Soviet-born Lithuanian-Spanish ballerina, choreographer, actress, and director (d. 2015)

1926 - [[John Gardner (British writer)|John Gardner]] -English soldier and author (d. 2007)

1926 - [[Terry Hall (ventriloquist)|Terry Hall]] -English ventriloquist (d. 2007)

1926 - [[Tôn Thất Đính]] -Vietnamese general (d. 2013)

1927 - [[Ed Freeman]] -American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2008)

1927 - [[Estelle Parsons]] -American actress and director

1928 - [[Aleksey Batalov]] -Russian actor and director

1928 - [[John Disley]] -Welsh horse racer

1929 - [[Penelope Hobhouse]] -Irish gardener, author, and educator

1929 - [[Don January]] -American golfer and architect

1930 - [[Bernard Horsfall]] -English-Scottish actor (d. 2013)

1932 - [[Richard Dawson]] -English-American actor and game show host (d. 2012)

1936 - [[Don DeLillo]] -American author and playwright

1936 - [[Charles R. Larson]] -American admiral (d. 2014)

1936 - [[Bill Wallis]] -English actor (d. 2013)

1937 - [[Rhys Isaac]] -South African-Australian historian and author (d. 2010)

1937 - [[René Kollo]] -German tenor and actor

1937 - [[Ruth Laredo]] -American pianist and educator (d. 2005)

1937 - [[Eero Mäntyranta]] -Finnish skier (d. 2013)

1937 - [[Viktoriya Tokareva]] -Russian author and screenwriter

1939 - [[Dick Smothers]] -American actor and singer (Smothers Brothers)

1940 - [[Helma Sanders-Brahms]] -German director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)

1941 - [[Haseena Moin]] -Pakistani screenwriter and playwright

1941 - [[Oliver Sipple]] -American soldier and activist (d. 1989)

1942 - [[Joe Biden]] -American lawyer and politician, 47th Vice President of the United States

1942 - [[Bob Einstein]] -American actor, producer, and screenwriter

1942 - [[Norman Greenbaum]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1942 - [[Meredith Monk]] -American composer and choreographer

1942 - [[Paulos Faraj Rahho]] -Iraqi archbishop (d. 2008)

1943 - [[Veronica Hamel]] -American actress and producer

1944 - [[Louie Dampier]] -American basketball player and coach

1944 - [[Mike Vernon (record producer)|Mike Vernon]] -English record producer, founded Blue Horizon

1945 - [[Paul Langford]] -English historian and academic

1945 - [[Rick Monday]] -American baseball player and sportscaster

1945 - [[Nanette Workman]] -American-Canadian singer-songwriter and actress

1946 - [[Duane Allman]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Allman Brothers Band, Hour Glass (band)|Hour Glass, Derek and the Dominos, and The Allman Joys) (d. 1971)

1946 - [[Greg Cook]] -American football player and sportscaster (d. 2012)

1946 - [[Judy Woodruff]] -American journalist and educator

1947 - [[Joe Walsh]] -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (Eagles (band)|Eagles, James Gang, and Barnstorm (band)|Barnstorm)

1948 - [[John R. Bolton]] -American lawyer and diplomat, 25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations

1948 - [[Park Chul-soo]] -South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2013)

1948 - [[Barbara Hendricks]] -American-Swedish soprano and actress

1948 - [[Richard Masur]] -American actor and director

1949 - [[Jeff Dowd]] -American film producer and activist

1949 - [[Thelma Drake]] -American politician

1951 - [[Rodger Bumpass]] -American actor and singer

1951 - [[David Walters]] -American politician, 24th Governor of Oklahoma

1952 - [[John Van Boxmeer]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1954 - [[Berit Andnor]] -Swedish politician, Minister for Health and Social Affairs (Sweden)|Swedish Minister of Social Affairs

1954 - [[Steve Dahl]] -American radio host and actor

1954 - [[Chris McNeill]] -American ski jumper (d. 2011)

1956 - [[Gareth Chilcott]] -English rugby player

1956 - [[Bo Derek]] -American actress and producer

1956 - [[Mark Gastineau]] -American football player and boxer

1956 - [[Natasha Vlassenko]] -Russian-Australian pianist and educator

1957 - [[Stefan Bellof]] -German race car driver (d. 1985)

1957 - [[Mike Craven (footballer)|Mike Craven]] -English footballer

1957 - [[John Eriksen]] -Danish footballer (d. 2002)

1958 - [[Rickson Gracie]] -Brazilian mixed martial artist

1959 - [[Orlando Figes]] -English historian and academic

1959 - [[Jim McGovern (U.S. politician)|James McGovern]] -American politician

1959 - [[Sean Young]] -American actress and dancer

1960 - [[Marc Labrèche]] -Canadian actor

1961 - [[Jim Brickman]] -American singer-songwriter and pianist

1961 - [[Tim Harvey]] -English race car driver

1961 - [[Larry Karaszewski]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter

1961 - [[Dave Watson]] -English footballer and manager

1963 - [[Timothy Gowers]] -English mathematician and academic

1963 - [[Ming-Na Wen]] -Macanese-American actress

1963 - [[Wan Yanhai]] -Chinese-American activist

1964 - [[Boris Dežulović]] -Croatian journalist and author

1964 - [[Sophie Fillières]] -French director and screenwriter

1964 - [[Doug Ford, Jr.]] -Canadian businessman and politician

1964 - [[John MacLean (ice hockey)|John MacLean]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1964 - [[Mark Taylor (footballer, born 1964)|Mark Taylor]] -English footballer and physiotherapist

1965 - [[Yoshiki (musician)|Yoshiki]] -Japanese drummer, songwriter, and producer (X Japan, Skin (Japanese band)|S.K.I.N. and Globe (band)|Globe)

1965 - [[Mike D]] -American rapper and drummer (Beastie Boys and The Latch Brothers)

1965 - [[Sen Dog]] -Cuban-American rapper (Cypress Hill and SX-10)

1965 - [[Jimmy Vasser]] -American race car driver

1966 - [[Kevin Gilbert (musician)]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1996)

1966 - [[Jill Thompson]] -American author and illustrator

1967 - [[Teoman (singer)|Teoman]] -Turkish singer-songwriter and actor

1967 - [[Chris Childs (basketball)|Chris Childs]] -American basketball player

1967 - [[Tarique Rahman]] -Bangladeshi businessman and politician

1968 - [[Tommy Asinga]] -Surinamese runner and veterinarian

1968 - [[Robin M. Canup]] -American astrophysicist

1968 - [[Chew Chor Meng]] -Singaporean actor

1969 - [[Callie Thorne]] -American actress and producer

1970 - [[Matt Blunt]] -American lieutenant and politician, 54th Governor of Missouri

1970 - [[Phife Dawg]] -American rapper (A Tribe Called Quest)

1970 - [[Delia Gonzalez]] -American boxer

1970 - [[Geoffrey Keezer]] -American pianist and educator

1970 - [[Sabrina Lloyd]] -American actress

1970 - [[Joe Zaso]] -American actor and producer

1971 - [[Joey Galloway]] -American football player and sportscaster

1971 - [[Joel McHale]] -American comedian, actor, and producer

1971 - [[Marco Oppedisano]] -American guitarist and composer

1972 - [[Sheema Kalbasi]] -Iranian poet and activist

1973 - [[Angelica Bridges]] -American actress and singer

1973 - [[Neil Hodgson]] -English motorcycle racer and sportscaster

1974 - [[Taavi Veskimägi]] -Estonian businessman and politician

1975 - [[Dierks Bentley]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1975 - [[Ryan Bowen]] -American basketball player and coach

1975 - [[J. D. Drew]] -American baseball player

1975 - [[Joshua Gomez]] -American actor

1975 - [[Davey Havok]] -American singer-songwriter and actor (AFI (band)|AFI, Blaqk Audio, and Son of Sam (band)|Son of Sam)

1976 - [[Dominique Dawes]] -American gymnast

1976 - [[Laura Harris]] -Canadian actress

1976 - [[Tusshar Kapoor]] -Indian actor

1976 - [[Jason Thompson (actor)|Jason Thompson]] -Canadian actor

1976 - [[Theodoros Velkos]] -Greek badminton player

1976 - [[Cemal Yıldız]] -Turkish footballer and manager

1977 - [[Rudy Charles]] -American wrestling referee

1977 - [[Daniel Svensson]] -Swedish drummer (In Flames and Diabolique (band)|Diabolique)

1977 - [[Josh Turner]] -American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1978 - [[Freya Lim]] -Taiwanese-Malaysian singer and radio host

1978 - [[Nadine Velazquez]] -American actress and model

1979 - [[Maree Bowden]] -New Zealand netball player

1979 - [[Joseph Hallman]] -American composer and academic

1979 - [[Jacob Pitts]] -American actor

1980 - [[James Chambers (English footballer)|James Chambers]] -English footballer

1980 - [[Eiko Koike]] -Japanese idol and actress

1981 - [[Carlos Boozer]] -American basketball player

1981 - [[Sam Fuld]] -American baseball player

1981 - [[Kimberley Walsh]] -English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (Girls Aloud)

1982 - [[Margo Stilley]] -American model and actress

1983 - [[Future_(rapper)|Future]] -American rapper

1984 - [[Tashard Choice]] -American football player

1984 - [[Ferdinando Monfardini]] -Italian race car driver

1984 - [[Justin Hoyte]] -English footballer

1985 - [[Juan Cruz Álvarez]] -Argentinian race car driver

1985 - [[Dan Byrd]] -American actor

1985 - [[Aaron Yan]] -Taiwanese singer and actor (Fahrenheit (Taiwanese band)|Fahrenheit)

1986 - [[Ashley Fink]] -American actress and singer

1986 - [[Özer Hurmacı]] -Turkish footballer

1986 - [[Oliver Sykes]] -English singer-songwriter (Bring Me the Horizon)

1988 - [[Max Pacioretty]] -American ice hockey player

1988 - [[Rhys Wakefield]] -Australian actor

1989 - [[Cody Linley]] -American actor

1989 - [[Agon Mehmeti]] -Swedish footballer

1989 - [[Sergei Polunin]] -Ukrainian ballet dancer

1990 - [[Mark Christian]] -Manx cyclist

1991 - [[Anthony Knockaert]] -French footballer

1992 - [[Maiha Ishimura]] -Japanese singer and singer (Berryz Kobo and Hello! Project Kids)

1992 - [[Gaku Matsuda]] -Japanese actor

1992 - [[Yen Santos]] -Filipino actress

1993 - [[Sumire Satō]] -Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)

2000 - [[Connie Talbot]] -English singer

History of Deaths


811 - [[Li Fan (Tang dynasty)|Li Fan]] -Chinese politician (b. 754)

855 - [[Theoktistos]] -Byzantine courtier

869 - [[Edmund the Martyr]] -English king (b. 841)

1022 - [[Bernward of Hildesheim]] -English bishop and saint (b. 960)

1314 - [[Albert II, Margrave of Meissen]] -(b. 1240)

1316 - [[John I of France]] -(b. 1316)

1437 - [[Thomas Langley]] -English bishop (b. 1363)

1518 - [[Marmaduke Constable]] -English courtier and soldier (b. 1458)

1518 - [[Pierre de la Rue]] -Flemish singer-songwriter (b. 1452)

1591 - [[Christopher Hatton]] -English academic and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1540)

1612 - [[John Harington (writer)|John Harington]] -English courtier and author (b. 1561)

1651 - [[Mikołaj Potocki]] -Polish soldier (b. 1595)

1662 - [[Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria]] -(b. 1614)

1695 - [[Zumbi]] -Brazilian king (b. 1655)

1704 - [[Charles Plumier]] -French botanist and painter (b. 1646)

1737 - [[Caroline of Ansbach]] -(b. 1683)

1742 - [[Melchior de Polignac]] -French cardinal and poet (b. 1661)

1758 - [[Johan Helmich Roman]] -Swedish violinist and composer (b. 1694)

1764 - [[Christian Goldbach]] -Prussian mathematician and theorist (b. 1690)

1778 - [[Francesco Cetti]] -Italian priest, zoologist, and mathematician (b. 1726)

1856 - [[Farkas Bolyai]] -Romanian-Hungarian mathematician and academic (b. 1775)

1864 - [[Albert Newsam]] -American painter and illustrator (b. 1809)

1886 - [[William Bliss Baker]] -American painter (b. 1859)

1894 - [[Anton Rubinstein]] -Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1829)

1898 - [[Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet]] -English engineer (b. 1817)

1908 - [[Georgy Voronoy]] -Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1868)

1910 - [[Leo Tolstoy]] -Russian author and playwright (b. 1828)

1922 - [[Peter Ratican]] -American soccer player (b. 1887)

1925 - [[Alexandra of Denmark]] -(b. 1844)

1934 - [[Willem de Sitter]] -Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer (b. 1872)

1936 - [[Buenaventura Durruti]] -Spanish mechanic and activist (b. 1896)

1936 - [[José Antonio Primo de Rivera]] -Spanish lawyer and politician (b. 1903)

1938 - [[Maud of Wales]] -(b. 1869)

1941 - [[Elmar Muuk]] -Estonian linguist and author (b. 1901)

1943 - [[Emil Kellenberger]] -Swiss target shooter (b. 1864)

1945 - [[Percy Perrin]] -English cricketer (b. 1876)

1945 - [[Francis William Aston]] -English chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)

1950 - [[Francesco Cilea]] -Italian composer (b. 1866)

1951 - [[Thomas Quinlan (impresario)|Thomas Quinlan]] -English businessman (b. 1881)

1954 - [[Clyde Vernon Cessna]] -American pilot and aircraft designer, founded the Cessna|Cessna Aircraft Corporation (b. 1879)

1957 - [[Mstislav Dobuzhinsky]] -Russian-American painter and illustrator (b. 1875)

1965 - [[Johannes Kaiv]] -Estonian soldier and diplomat (b. 1897)

1973 - [[Allan Sherman]] -American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1924)

1975 - [[Francisco Franco]] -Spanish general and politician, List of Prime Ministers of Spain|Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1892)

1976 - [[Trofim Lysenko]] -Ukrainian-Russian biologist and agronomist (b. 1898)

1978 - [[Giorgio de Chirico]] -Greek-Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1888)

1978 - [[Vasilisk Gnedov]] -Russian soldier and poet (b. 1890)

1980 - [[John McEwen]] -Australian politician, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1900)

1983 - [[Marcel Dalio]] -French actor and playwright (b. 1900)

1984 - [[Kristian Djurhuus]] -Faroese politician, 2nd Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (b. 1895)

1984 - [[Faiz Ahmad Faiz]] -Pakistani journalist and poet (b. 1911)

1992 - [[Raul Renter]] -Estonian economist and chess player (b. 1920)

1994 - [[Jānis Krūmiņš]] -Latvian basketball player (b. 1930)

1995 - [[Sergei Grinkov]] -Russian figure skater (b. 1967)

1995 - [[Robie Macauley]] -American author and critic (b. 1919)

1997 - [[Dick Littlefield]] -American baseball player (b. 1926)

1998 - [[Galina Starovoytova]] -Russian ethnographer and politician (b. 1946)

1999 - [[Amintore Fanfani]] -Italian journalist and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1908)

2000 - [[Mike Muuss]] -American computer programmer, created Ping (networking utility)|Ping (b. 1958)

2000 - [[Kalle Päätalo]] -Finnish author (b. 1919)

2003 - [[Robert Addie]] -English actor (b. 1960)

2003 - [[Loris Azzaro]] -Tunisian-French fashion designer (b. 1933)

2003 - [[David Dacko]] -African politician, 1st President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)

2003 - [[Eugene Kleiner]] -American businessman, co-founded Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (b. 1923)

2003 - [[Roger Short]] -English diplomat (b. 1944)

2003 - [[Jim Siedow]] -American actor (b. 1920)

2003 - [[Kerem Yılmazer]] -Turkish actor and singer (b. 1945)

2004 - [[David Grierson]] -Canadian radio host (b. 1955)

2004 - [[Jenny Ross]] -English singer-songwriter (Section 25) (b. 1962)

2005 - [[Manouchehr Atashi]] -Iranian journalist and poet (b. 1931)

2005 - [[Nora Denney]] -American actress (b. 1928)

2005 - [[James King (tenor)|James King]] -American tenor and educator (b. 1925)

2005 - [[Chris Whitley]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1960)

2006 - [[Robert Altman]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1925)

2006 - [[Zoia Ceaușescu]] -Romanian mathematician and academic (b. 1950)

2006 - [[Donald Hamilton]] -American author (b. 1916)

2006 - [[Andre Waters]] -American football player and coach (b. 1962)

2007 - [[Ian Smith]] -Rhodesian lieutenant and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)

2008 - [[Bennie Gonzales]] -American architect, designed the Heard Museum (b. 1924)

2008 - [[Sven Inge]] -Swedish painter (b. 1935)

2009 - [[Lino Lacedelli]] -Italian mountaineer and author (b. 1925)

2010 - [[Laurie Bembenek]] -American murderer (b. 1958)

2010 - [[Roxana Briban]] -Romanian soprano and actress (b. 1971)

2010 - [[Chalmers Johnson]] -American author and scholar (b. 1931)

2010 - [[Rob Lytle]] -American football player (b. 1954)

2010 - [[Danny McDevitt]] -American baseball player (b. 1932)

2012 - [[Kaspars Astašenko]] -Latvian ice hockey player (b. 1975)

2012 - [[David C. Copley]] -American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1952)

2012 - [[William Grut]] -Swedish pentathlete (b. 1914)

2012 - [[David O'Brien Martin]] -American soldier and politician (b. 1944)

2012 - [[Flora Martirosian]] -Armenian singer (b. 1957)

2013 - [[Pavel Bobek]] -Czech singer (b. 1937)

2013 - [[Sylvia Browne]] -American psychic and author (b. 1936)

2013 - [[Joseph Paul Franklin]] -American serial killer (b. 1950)

2013 - [[Peter Griffiths]] -English politician (b. 1928)

2013 - [[Dieter Hildebrandt]] -Polish-German actor and screenwriter (b. 1927)

2013 - [[Frank Lauterbur]] -American football player and coach (b. 1925)

2013 - [[Oleg Minko]] -Ukrainian painter and educator (b. 1938)

2013 - [[Klaus Praefcke]] -German chemist and academic (b. 1933)

2014 - [[Arthur Butterworth]] -English composer and conductor (b. 1923)

2014 - [[Ray Farabee]] -American lawyer and politician (b. 1932)

2014 - [[Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba]] -(b. 1926)

2014 - [[Jimmy Heung]] -Hong Kong director and producer (b. 1950)

2014 - [[Samuel Klein (businessman)|Samuel Klein]] -Polish-Brazilian businessman and philanthropist, founded Casas Bahia (b. 1923)

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