This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History


371 - [[Battle of Leuctra]] -where Epaminondas defeated Cleombrotus I, takes place

640 - [[Battle of Heliopolis]] -The Muslim Arab army under 'Amr ibn al-'As defeat the Byzantine Empire|Byzantine forces near Heliopolis (Ancient Egypt)|Heliopolis (Diocese of Egypt (Late Antiquity)|Egypt).

1044 - [[Battle of Ménfő]] -between troops led by Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor|Emperor Henry III and Hungarians|Magyar forces led by Samuel Aba, King of Hungary, takes place.

1189 - [[Richard I of England|Richard I "the Lionheart"]] -accedes to the English throne.

1253 - [[Mindaugas]] -is crowned King of Lithuania.

1348 - [[Pope Clement VI]] -issues a papal bull Antisemitism#Persecutions in the Middle Ages|protecting the Jews in the Middle Ages#Black Death|Jews accused of having caused the Black Death.

1411 - [[Ming dynasty|Ming China]] -s Admiral Zheng He returns to Nanjing after the Treasure voyages#Third voyage|third treasure voyage and presents the Sinhala people|Sinhalese king, captured during the Ming–Kotte War, to the Yongle Emperor.

1415 - [[Jan Hus]] -is condemned as a heretic and then burned at the stake.

1483 - [[Richard III of England|Richard III]] -is crowned King of England.

1484 - [[Diogo Cão]] -finds the mouth of the Congo River.

1495 - [[First Italian War]] -Battle of Fornovo: Charles VIII of France|Charles VIII defeats the Italian War of 1494–98|Holy League.

1535 - [[Thomas More]] -is executed for treason against King Henry VIII of England.

1557 - [[Philip II of Spain|King Philip II of Spain]] -consort of Mary I of England|Queen Mary I of England, sets out from Dover to war with France, which eventually resulted in the loss of the City of Calais, the last Countries of the United Kingdom|English possession on the continent, and Mary I never seeing her husband again.

1560 - [[Treaty of Edinburgh]] -is signed by Scotland and England.

1573 - [[Córdoba, Argentina]] -is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.

1573 - [[French Wars of Religion]] -Siege of La Rochelle (1572–73)|Siege of La Rochelle ends.

1614 - [[Żejtun]] -and the surrounding villages Raid of Żejtun|suffer a raid from Ottoman Empire|Ottoman forces. This was the last unsuccessful attempt by the Ottomans to conquer the island of Malta.

1630 - [[Thirty Years' War]] -Four thousand Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden|Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany.

1685 - [[Battle of Sedgemoor]] -Last battle of the Monmouth Rebellion. troops of King James II defeat troops of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth.

1751 - [[Pope Benedict XIV]] -suppresses the Patriarchate of Aquileia and establishes from its territory the Archdiocese of Udine and Gorizia.

1777 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -Siege of Fort Ticonderoga (1777)|Siege of Fort Ticonderoga: After a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, United States|American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.

1779 - [[Battle of Grenada]] -The French defeat British naval forces during the American Revolutionary War.

1801 - [[First Battle of Algeciras]] -Outnumbered French Navy ships defeat the Royal Navy in the fortified Spanish port of Algeciras.

1809 - [[Battle of Wagram]] -France defeats the Austrian army in the largest battle to date of the Napoleonic Wars.

1854 - [[Jackson, Michigan]] -the first convention of the United States Republican Party is held.

1865 - [[The Nation]] -' magazine is published.

1885 - [[Louis Pasteur]] -successfully tests his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.

1887 - [[David Kalākaua]] -monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, is forced at gunpoint by Americans to sign the Bayonet Constitution giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping native Hawaiians|Hawaiian citizens of their rights.

1892 - [[Dadabhai Naoroji]] -is elected as the first Indian British House of Commons|Member of Parliament in Britain.

1892 - [[strike action|striking]] -steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton National Detective Agency|Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving ten dead and dozens wounded.

1917 - [[World War I]] -Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Auda ibu Tayi capture Battle of Aqaba|Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt.

1919 - [[R34 (airship)|dirigible R34]] -lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.

1933 - [[Major League Baseball All-Star Game]] -is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeated the National League 4–2.

1936 - [[Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal]] -in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading {{convert|200|ft|m}} into the River Irwell.

1937 - [[Spanish Civil War]] -Battle of Brunete: The battle begins with Spanish Republican troops going on the offensive against the Nationalists to relieve pressure on Madrid.

1939 - [[The Holocaust|Holocaust]] -The last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany are closed.

1940 - [[Story Bridge]] -a major landmark in Brisbane, as well as Australia's longest cantilever bridge is formally opened.

1941 - [[Nazi Germany]] -launches its Battle of Smolensk (1941)|offensive to encircle several Soviet armies near Smolensk.

1942 - [[Anne Frank]] -and her family go into hiding in the "Anne Frank House|Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.

1944 - [[Jackie Robinson]] -refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court-martial.

1944 - [[Hartford circus fire]] -one of America's worst list of fires|fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut.

1947 - [[AK-47]] -goes into production in the Soviet Union.

1957 - [[Althea Gibson]] -wins the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so.

1957 - [[John Lennon]] -and Paul McCartney meet for the first time, as teenagers at Woolton Fete, three years before forming the Beatles.

1962 - [[Operation Plowshare]] -the Sedan (nuclear test)|Sedan nuclear test takes place.

1962 - [[The Late Late Show]] -', the world's longest-running Talk show|chat show by the same broadcaster, airs on RTÉ One for the first time.

1964 - [[Malawi]] -declares its independence from the United Kingdom.

1966 - [[republic]] -with Hastings Banda as its first President of Malawi|President.

1967 - [[Nigerian Civil War]] -Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.

1975 - [[Comoros]] -declares independence from France.

1986 - [[Davis Phinney]] -becomes the first American cyclist to win a road stage of the Tour de France.

1988 - [[Piper Alpha]] -drilling platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires. One hundred sixty-seven oil workers are killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster in terms of direct loss of life.

1989 - [[Tel Aviv–Jerusalem bus 405 suicide attack]] -Fourteen bus passengers are killed when an Arab assaulted the bus driver as the bus was driving by the edge of a cliff.

1995 - [[Bosnian War]] -under the command of General Ratko Mladić, Serbia begins its attack on the Bosnian town of Srebrenica, Srebrenica massacre|and kills more than 8000 Bosniaks, in what then- UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali called "the worst crime on European soil since the Second World War".

1997 - [[The Troubles]] -In response to the Drumcree conflict|Drumcree dispute, five days of 1997 nationalist riots in Northern Ireland|mass protests, riots and gun battles begin in Irish nationalist districts of Northern Ireland.

1999 - [[Barry Winchell]] -dies from baseball-bat injuries inflicted on him in his sleep the previous day by a fellow soldier, Calvin Glover, for his relationship with transgender showgirl and former Navy Corpsman Calpernia Addams.

2003 - [[Yevpatoria]] -Planetary Radar sends a Message to Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence|METI message (Cosmic Call 2) to five stars: Cassiopeia (constellation)|Hip 4872, Orion (constellation)|HD 245409, 55 Cancri (HD 75732), HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris (HD 95128). The messages will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively.

2006 - [[Nathu La]] -pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.

2013 - [[Yobe State school shooting|shooting]] -at a school in Yobe State, Nigeria.

2013 - [[Boeing 777]] -operating as Asiana Airlines Asiana Airlines Flight 214|Flight 214 crashes at San Francisco International Airport, killing three and injuring 181 of the 307 people on board.

2013 - [[Lac-Mégantic derailment|derails]] -in the town of Lac-Mégantic, Quebec and explodes into flames, killing at least 47 people and destroying more than 30 buildings in the town's central area.

Famous Birthdays


1580 - [[Johann Stobäus]] -German lute player and composer (d. 1646)

1623 - [[Jacopo Melani]] -Italian violinist and composer (d. 1676)

1678 - [[Nicola Francesco Haym]] -Italian cellist and composer (d. 1729)

1686 - [[Antoine de Jussieu]] -French biologist and academic (d. 1758)

1736 - [[Daniel Morgan]] -American general and politician (d. 1802)

1747 - [[John Paul Jones]] -Scottish-American captain (d. 1792)

1766 - [[Alexander Wilson]] -Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (d. 1813)

1781 - [[Stamford Raffles]] -English politician, founded Singapore (d. 1826)

1782 - [[Maria Luisa of Spain]] -(d. 1824)

1785 - [[William Hooker (botanist)|William Hooker]] -English botanist and academic (d. 1865)

1789 - [[María Isabella of Spain]] -(d. 1846)

1796 - [[Nicholas I of Russia]] -(d. 1855)

1817 - [[Albert von Kölliker]] -Swiss anatomist and physiologist (d. 1905)

1818 - [[Adolf Anderssen]] -German chess player (d. 1879)

1829 - [[Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein]] -(d. 1880)

1831 - [[Sylvester Pennoyer]] -American lawyer and politician, 8th Governor of Oregon (d. 1902)

1832 - [[Maximilian I of Mexico]] -(d. 1867)

1837 - [[R. G. Bhandarkar]] -Indian orientalist and scholar (d. 1925)

1838 - [[Vatroslav Jagić]] -Croatian philologist and scholar (d. 1923)

1840 - [[José María Velasco Gómez]] -Mexican painter and academic (d. 1912)

1859 - [[Verner von Heidenstam]] -Swedish poet and author, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)

1865 - [[Émile Jaques-Dalcroze]] -Swiss composer and educator (d. 1950)

1868 - [[Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom]] -(d. 1935)

1878 - [[Eino Leino]] -Finnish poet and journalist (d. 1926)

1884 - [[Harold Stirling Vanderbilt]] -American businessman and sailor (d. 1970)

1885 - [[Ernst Busch (field marshal)|Ernst Busch]] -German field marshal (d. 1945)

1886 - [[Marc Bloch]] -French historian and academic (d. 1944)

1887 - [[Marc Chagall]] -Belarusian-French painter and poet (d. 1985)

1887 - [[Annette Kellerman]] -Australian swimmer and actress (d. 1975)

1890 - [[Dhan Gopal Mukerji]] -Indian-American author and scholar (d. 1936)

1892 - [[Will James (artist)|Will James]] -American author and illustrator (d. 1942)

1897 - [[Richard Krautheimer]] -German-American historian and scholar (d. 1994)

1898 - [[Hanns Eisler]] -German-Austrian soldier and composer (d. 1962)

1899 - [[Susannah Mushatt Jones]] -American super-centenarian

1900 - [[Frederica Sagor Maas]] -American author and screenwriter (d. 2012)

1903 - [[Hugo Theorell]] -Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)

1904 - [[Robert Whitney (conductor)|Robert Whitney]] -American conductor and composer (d. 1986)

1904 - [[Erik Wickberg]] -Swedish 9th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1996)

1907 - [[Frida Kahlo]] -Mexican painter and educator (d. 1954)

1907 - [[George Stanley]] -Canadian soldier, historian, and author, designed the flag of Canada (d. 2002)

1908 - [[Anton Muttukumaru]] -Sri Lankan general and diplomat (d. 2001)

1912 - [[Heinrich Harrer]] -Austrian geographer and mountaineer (d. 2006)

1914 - [[Vince McMahon, Sr.]] -American wrestling promoter, founded WWE (d. 1984)

1916 - [[Harold Norse]] -American poet and author (d. 2009)

1917 - [[Arthur Lydiard]] -New Zealand runner and coach (d. 2004)

1918 - [[Sebastian Cabot (actor)|Sebastian Cabot]] -English-Canadian actor and singer (d. 1977)

1919 - [[Ernst Haefliger]] -Swiss tenor and educator (d. 2007)

1921 - [[Allan MacEachen]] -Canadian economist and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada

1921 - [[Nancy Reagan]] -American actress, 40th First Lady of the United States

1922 - [[William Schallert]] -American actor

1923 - [[Wojciech Jaruzelski]] -Polish general and politician, 1st President of Poland (d. 2014)

1924 - [[Louie Bellson]] -American drummer, composer, and bandleader (d. 2009)

1925 - [[Merv Griffin]] -American actor, singer, and producer, created ''Wheel of Fortune (U.S. game show)|Wheel of Fortune'' and ''Jeopardy!'' (d. 2007)

1925 - [[Bill Haley]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 1981)

1925 - [[Gazi Yaşargil]] -Turkish neurosurgeon and academic

1926 - [[Sulev Vahtre]] -Estonian historian and academic (d. 2007)

1927 - [[Jan Hein Donner]] -Dutch chess player and journalist (d. 1988)

1927 - [[Janet Leigh]] -American actress and author (d. 2004)

1927 - [[Pat Paulsen]] -American comedian and actor (d. 1997)

1927 - [[Nilo Soruco]] -Bolivian singer-songwriter (d. 2004)

1930 - [[George Armstrong (ice hockey)|George Armstrong]] -Canadian ice hockey player and coach

1930 - [[M. Balamuralikrishna]] -Indian singer-songwriter

1931 - [[Jean Campeau]] -Canadian businessman and politician

1931 - [[Antonella Lualdi]] -Lebanese-Italian actress and singer

1931 - [[Della Reese]] -American actress and singer

1931 - [[László Tábori]] -Hungarian runner and coach

1932 - [[Herman Hertzberger]] -Dutch architect and academic

1935 - [[Candy Barr]] -American model, dancer, and actress (d. 2005)

1936 - [[Dave Allen (comedian)|Dave Allen]] -Irish comedian, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2005)

1937 - [[Vladimir Ashkenazy]] -Russian-Icelandic pianist and conductor

1937 - [[Ned Beatty]] -American actor

1937 - [[Gene Chandler]] -American singer-songwriter and producer

1937 - [[Michael Sata]] -Zambian police officer and politician, 5th President of Zambia (d. 2014)

1938 - [[Luana Patten]] -American actress and singer (d. 1996)

1939 - [[Jet Harris]] -English bass player (The Shadows, The Jeff Beck Group, and The Vipers Skiffle Group) (d. 2011)

1939 - [[Mary Peters (athlete)|Mary Peters]] -English-Irish pentathlete and shot putter

1940 - [[Rex Cawley]] -American hurdler

1940 - [[Nursultan Nazarbayev]] -Kazakh politician, 1st President of Kazakhstan

1941 - [[David Crystal]] -Irish linguist, author, and academic

1941 - [[Reinhard Roder]] -German footballer and manager

1943 - [[Tamara Sinyavskaya]] -Russian soprano

1944 - [[Gunhild Hoffmeister]] -German runner

1945 - [[Burt Ward]] -American actor and producer

1946 - [[George W. Bush]] -American businessman and politician, 43rd President of the United States

1946 - [[Fred Dryer]] -American football player and actor

1946 - [[Peter Singer]] -Australian philosopher and academic

1946 - [[Sylvester Stallone]] -American actor, director, and screenwriter

1946 - [[Jamie Wyeth]] -American painter

1947 - [[Richard Beckinsale]] -English actor and singer (d. 1979)

1947 - [[Shelley Hack]] -American actress and producer

1948 - [[Nathalie Baye]] -French actress

1948 - [[Jean-Pierre Blackburn]] -Canadian academic and politician, 26th Minister of Veterans Affairs (Canada)|Canadian Minister of Veterans Affairs

1948 - [[Brad Park]] -Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach

1949 - [[Noli de Castro]] -Filipino journalist and politician, 14th Vice President of the Philippines

1949 - [[Phyllis Hyman]] -American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 1995)

1950 - [[John Byrne (comics)|John Byrne]] -English-American author and illustrator

1950 - [[Geraldine James]] -English actress

1951 - [[Geoffrey Rush]] -Australian actor and producer

1952 - [[Grant Goodeve]] -American actor and singer

1952 - [[Hilary Mantel]] -English author and critic

1953 - [[Nanci Griffith]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1953 - [[Kaiser Kalambo]] -Zambian footballer and manager (d. 2014)

1953 - [[Robert Ménard]] -French politician and former journalist

1954 - [[Allyce Beasley]] -American actress and singer

1954 - [[Willie Randolph]] -American baseball player and manager

1958 - [[Jennifer Saunders]] -English actress, singer, and screenwriter

1959 - [[Richard Dacoury]] -French basketball player

1959 - [[Mike Hallett]] -English snooker player and sportscaster

1960 - [[Valerie Brisco-Hooks]] -American sprinter and coach

1960 - [[Jozef Pribilinec]] -Slovakian race walker

1960 - [[Asahifuji Seiya]] -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 63rd Makuuchi#Yokozuna|Yokozuna

1960 - [[Maria Wasiak]] -Polish businessman and politician, Ministry of Infrastructure and Development (Poland)|Polish Minister of Infrastructure and Development

1961 - [[Robin Antin]] -American dancer, choreographer, and businesswoman

1961 - [[Benita Fitzgerald-Brown]] -American hurdler

1962 - [[Todd Bennett]] -English runner and coach (d. 2013)

1962 - [[Peter Hedges]] -American author, screenwriter, and director

1963 - [[Sorin Matei]] -Romanian high jumper

1964 - [[Cristina D'Avena]] -Italian singer and actress

1964 - [[Lillie Leatherwood]] -American sprinter

1966 - [[Brian Posehn]] -American comedian, actor, and screenwriter

1967 - [[Heather Nova]] -Bermudian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1967 - [[Omar Olivares]] -Puerto Rican-American baseball player

1968 - [[Gaspare Manos]] -Thai-Italian painter and sculptor

1969 - [[Brian Van Holt]] -American actor

1970 - [[Inspectah Deck]] -American rapper, producer, and actor (Wu-Tang Clan)

1970 - [[Martin Smith (English musician)|Martin Smith]] -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Delirious?)

1972 - [[Isabelle Boulay]] -Canadian singer

1972 - [[Laurent Gaudé]] -French author and playwright

1972 - [[Greg Norton (baseball)|Greg Norton]] -American baseball player and coach

1972 - [[Zhanna Pintusevich-Block]] -Ukrainian sprinter

1974 - [[Zé Roberto]] -Brazilian footballer

1974 - [[Babi Xavier]] -Brazilian actress and singer

1975 - [[50 Cent]] -American rapper, producer, and actor (G-Unit)

1975 - [[Amir-Abbas Fakhravar]] -Iranian journalist and activist

1975 - [[Sebastián Rulli]] -Argentinian-Mexican actor

1977 - [[Max Mirnyi]] -Belarusian tennis player

1977 - [[Makhaya Ntini]] -South African cricketer

1978 - [[Adam Busch]] -American actor, director, and producer

1978 - [[Tamera Mowry]] -German-American actress and producer

1978 - [[Tia Mowry]] -German-American actress and producer

1978 - [[Kevin Senio]] -New Zealand rugby player

1979 - [[Matthew Barnson]] -American viola player and composer

1979 - [[Nic Cester]] -Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Jet (band)|Jet and The Wrights (Australian band)|The Wrights)

1979 - [[Kevin Hart]] -American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter

1979 - [[C. J. Hobgood]] -American surfer

1980 - [[Kenny Deuchar]] -Scottish footballer

1980 - [[Pau Gasol]] -Spanish basketball player

1980 - [[Eva Green]] -French actress and model

1980 - [[JB Magsaysay]] -Filipino actor, businessman and politician

1980 - [[Joell Ortiz]] -American rapper (Slaughterhouse (group)|Slaughterhouse)

1982 - [[Brandon Jacobs]] -American football player

1982 - [[Bree Robertson]] -Australian gymnast and actress

1982 - [[Misty Upham]] -American actress (d. 2014)

1982 - [[Tay Zonday]] -American actor and singer

1983 - [[Brady Bluhm]] -American actor

1983 - [[Gregory Smith (actor)|Gregory Smith]] -Canadian actor, director, and producer

1983 - [[D. Woods]] -American singer, dancer, and actress (Danity Kane)

1984 - [[Zhang Hao]] -Chinese figure skater

1984 - [[Lauren Harris]] -English singer and actress

1984 - [[Natasha Zlobina]] -Uzbek-French actress and model

1985 - [[Maria Arredondo]] -Norwegian singer

1985 - [[Diamond Rings (musician)|Diamond Rings]] -Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Matters (band)|Matters)

1985 - [[Ranveer Singh]] -Indian actor and singer

1985 - [[Melisa Sözen]] -Turkish actress

1986 - [[Leon Frierson]] -American actor and rapper

1986 - [[Sarah Gronert]] -German tennis player

1986 - [[David Karp]] -American businessman, founded Tumblr

1986 - [[Derrick Williams (American football)|Derrick Williams]] -American football player

1987 - [[Sophie Auster]] -American singer-songwriter and actress

1987 - [[Manteo Mitchell]] -American runner

1987 - [[Kate Nash]] -English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress

1987 - [[Matt O'Leary]] -American actor, director, and producer

1987 - [[Caroline Trentini]] -Brazilian model

1988 - [[Kevin Fickentscher]] -Swiss footballer

1990 - [[Ajoo]] -South Korean singer and dancer

1990 - [[Magaye Gueye]] -French footballer

1990 - [[Jamal Idris]] -Australian rugby player

1990 - [[Jeremy Suarez]] -American actor

1990 - [[Justin Schultz]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1991 - [[Klas Dahlbeck]] -Swedish ice hockey player

1991 - [[Victoire Thivisol]] -French actress

1991 - [[Julian Wruck]] -Australian discus thrower

1992 - [[Manny Machado]] -American baseball player

1994 - [[Camilla Rosso]] -English actress

1994 - [[Rebecca Rosso]] -English actress

1996 - [[Robert Naylor (actor)|Robert Naylor]] -Canadian actor

1996 - [[Sun Ziyue]] -Chinese tennis player

History of Deaths


371 - [[Cleombrotus I]] -Spartan king

649 - [[Goar of Aquitaine]] -French-German bishop and saint (b. 585)

918 - [[William I, Duke of Aquitaine]] -(b. 875)

1017 - [[Genshin]] -Japanese monk and scholar (b. 942)

1189 - [[Henry II of England]] -(b. 1133)

1218 - [[Odo III, Duke of Burgundy]] -(b. 1166)

1249 - [[Alexander II of Scotland]] -(b. 1198)

1415 - [[Jan Hus]] -Czech priest, philosopher, and reformer (b. 1369)

1476 - [[Regiomontanus]] -German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer (b. 1436)

1480 - [[Antonio Squarcialupi]] -Italian organist and composer (b. 1416)

1533 - [[Ludovico Ariosto]] -Italian poet and playwright (b. 1474)

1535 - [[Thomas More]] -English lawyer and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1478)

1553 - [[Edward VI of England]] -(b. 1537)

1583 - [[Edmund Grindal]] -English archbishop (b. 1519)

1585 - [[Thomas Aufield]] -English priest and martyr (b. 1552)

1684 - [[Peter Gunning]] -English bishop (b. 1614)

1758 - [[George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe]] -English general and politician (b. 1725)

1768 - [[Conrad Beissel]] -German-American religious leader (b. 1690)

1802 - [[Daniel Morgan]] -American general and politician (b. 1736)

1809 - [[Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle]] -French general (b. 1775)

1813 - [[Granville Sharp]] -English activist (b. 1735)

1835 - [[John Marshall]] -American captain and politician, 4th United States Secretary of State (b. 1755)

1854 - [[Georg Ohm]] -German physicist and mathematician (b. 1789)

1868 - [[Harada Sanosuke]] -Japanese captain (b. 1840)

1893 - [[Guy de Maupassant]] -French author and poet (b. 1850)

1901 - [[Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst]] -(b. 1819)

1902 - [[Maria Goretti]] -Italian martyr and saint (b. 1890)

1904 - [[Abai Qunanbaiuli]] -Kazakh poet and philosopher (b. 1845)

1907 - [[August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein]] -German linguist and theologian (b. 1826)

1916 - [[Odilon Redon]] -French painter and illustrator (b. 1840)

1922 - [[Maria Teresia Ledóchowska]] -Polish-Austrian nun and missionary (b. 1863)

1932 - [[Kenneth Grahame]] -Scottish-English author (b. 1859)

1934 - [[Nestor Makhno]] -Ukrainian commander (b. 1888)

1946 - [[Horace Pippin]] -American painter (b. 1888)

1947 - [[Adolfo Müller-Ury]] -Swiss-American painter (b. 1862)

1952 - [[Louis-Alexandre Taschereau]] -Canadian lawyer and politician, 14th Premier of Quebec (b. 1867)

1952 - [[Gertrud Wolle]] -German actress (b. 1891)

1959 - [[George Grosz]] -German painter and illustrator (b. 1893)

1960 - [[Aneurin Bevan]] -Welsh-English politician, Secretary of State for Health (b. 1897)

1961 - [[Scott LaFaro]] -American bassist (b. 1936)

1961 - [[Woodall Rodgers]] -American lawyer and politician, Mayor of Dallas (b. 1890)

1962 - [[Paul Boffa]] -Maltese soldier and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Malta (b. 1890)

1962 - [[William Faulkner]] -American author and academic, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

1962 - [[Archduke Joseph August of Austria]] -(b. 1872)

1963 - [[George, Duke of Mecklenburg]] -(b. 1899)

1964 - [[Claude V. Ricketts]] -American admiral (b. 1906)

1966 - [[Sad Sam Jones]] -American baseball player and manager (b. 1892)

1967 - [[Hilda Taba]] -Estonian architect and educator (b. 1902)

1968 - [[Johnny Indrisano]] -American boxer and actor (b. 1906)

1971 - [[Louis Armstrong]] -American singer and trumpet player (b. 1901)

1972 - [[Brandon deWilde]] -American actor and singer (b. 1942)

1973 - [[Otto Klemperer]] -German conductor and composer (b. 1885)

1974 - [[Francis Blanche]] -French actor (b. 1921)

1975 - [[Reşat Ekrem Koçu]] -Turkish historian, scholar, and poet (b. 1905)

1976 - [[Zhu De]] -Chinese general and politician, President of the People's Republic of China (b. 1886)

1976 - [[Fritz Lenz]] -German geneticist and physician (b. 1887)

1977 - [[Ödön Pártos]] -Hungarian-Israeli viola player and composer (b. 1907)

1979 - [[Van McCoy]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1940)

1980 - [[Mart Raud]] -Estonian poet and author (b. 1903)

1982 - [[Bob Johnson (outfielder)|Bob Johnson]] -American baseball player and manager (b. 1905)

1984 - [[Zati Sungur]] -Turkish magician (b. 1898)

1986 - [[Jagjivan Ram]] -Indian lawyer and politician, 4th Deputy Prime Minister of India (b. 1908)

1989 - [[János Kádár]] -Hungarian mechanic and politician, Ministry of Interior (Hungary)|Hungarian Minister of the Interior (b. 1912)

1991 - [[Mudashiru Lawal]] -Nigerian footballer (b. 1954)

1994 - [[Ahmet Haxhiu]] -Kosovan activist (b. 1932)

1995 - [[Aziz Nesin]] -Turkish author and poet (b. 1915)

1997 - [[Chetan Anand (director)|Chetan Anand]] -Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)

1998 - [[Roy Rogers]] -American actor and singer (b. 1911)

1999 - [[Gary M. Heidnik]] -American murderer (b. 1943)

1999 - [[Joaquín Rodrigo]] -Spanish pianist and composer (b. 1901)

1999 - [[Barry Winchell]] -American soldier (b. 1977)

2000 - [[Władysław Szpilman]] -Polish pianist and composer (b. 1911)

2002 - [[Dhirubhai Ambani]] -Indian businessman, founded Reliance Industries (b. 1932)

2002 - [[John Frankenheimer]] -American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)

2003 - [[Buddy Ebsen]] -American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1908)

2003 - [[Çelik Gülersoy]] -Turkish lawyer, historical preservationist, writer and poet (b. 1930)

2004 - [[Thomas Klestil]] -Austrian politician, 10th List of Federal Presidents of Austria|President of Austria (b. 1932)

2004 - [[Syreeta Wright]] -American singer-songwriter (b. 1946)

2005 - [[Bruno Augenstein]] -German-American mathematician and physicist (b. 1923)

2005 - [[L. Patrick Gray]] -American FBI director (b. 1916)

2005 - [[Ed McBain]] -American author and screenwriter (b. 1926)

2005 - [[Claude Simon]] -Malagasy-French author and academic, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)

2006 - [[Kasey Rogers]] -American actress (b. 1926)

2006 - [[Tom Weir]] -Scottish climber, author and television host (b. 1914)

2007 - [[Kathleen E. Woodiwiss]] -American author (b. 1939)

2009 - [[Vasily Aksyonov]] -Russian author and academic (b. 1932)

2009 - [[Robert McNamara]] -American businessman and politician, 8th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1916)

2010 - [[Harvey Fuqua]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (The Moonglows and New Birth (band)|New Birth) (b. 1929)

2012 - [[Hani al-Hassan]] -Palestinian engineer and politician (b. 1939)

2012 - [[Anthony Sedlak]] -Canadian chef and television host (b. 1983)

2013 - [[Lo Hsing Han]] -Burmese businessman, co-founded Asia World (b. 1935)

2013 - [[Ruben J. Villote]] -Filipino priest and activist (b. 1932)

2014 - [[Dave Bickers]] -English motorcross racer and stuntman (b. 1938)

2014 - [[Alan J. Dixon]] -American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 34th Illinois Secretary of State (b. 1927)

2014 - [[S. D. Gunadasa]] -Sri Lankan businessman (b. 1931)

2014 - [[Dave Legeno]] -English actor and mixed martial artist (b. 1963)

2014 - [[Martin Van Geneugden]] -Belgian cyclist (b. 1932)

2015 - [[Jerry Weintraub]] -American film producer, and talent agent (b. 1937)

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