This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: December-4

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


771 - [[Austrasia]] -king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Francia|Frankish Kingdom.

1110 - [[Kingdom of Jerusalem]] -captures Siege of Sidon|Sidon.

1259 - [[Louis IX of France]] -and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris (1259)|Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.

1563 - [[Council of Trent]] -is held. (It had opened on December 13, 1545.)

1619 - [[colony|colonists]] -arrive at Berkeley Hundred, Colony of Virginia|Virginia. The group's charter proclaims that the day "be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God."

1674 - [[Jacques Marquette]] -founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek. (The mission would later grow into the city of Chicago.)

1676 - [[Battle of Lund]] -A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark|Christian V engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.

1745 - [[Charles Edward Stuart]] -s army reaches Derby, its furthest point during the Jacobite rising of 1745|Second Jacobite Rising.

1783 - [[Fraunces Tavern]] -in New York City, U.S. General George Washington Fraunces Tavern#Washington's farewell to his officers|bids farewell to his officers.

1786 - [[Mission Santa Barbara]] -is dedicated (on the feast day of Saint Barbara).

1791 - [[The Observer]] -', the world's first Sunday newspaper, is published.

1829 - [[Governor-General of India|Governor-General]] -Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that anyone who abets ''suttee'' in Bengal Presidency|Bengal is guilty of culpable homicide.

1864 - [[American Civil War]] -Sherman's March to the Sea

1867 - [[Minnesota]] -farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry|the Grange).

1872 - null 872-T-e crewless American ship {{ship||Mary Celeste}} is found by the British brig ''Dei Gratia''. The ship had been abandoned for nine days but was only slightly damaged.

1875 - [[Boss Tweed]] -escapes from prison. He will later be recaptured in Spain.

1881 - [[Los Angeles Times]] -' is published.

1893 - [[First Matabele War]] -A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is Shangani Patrol|ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Northern Ndebele people|Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland.

1909 - [[Canadian football]] -the 1st Grey Cup|First Grey Cup game is played. The University of Toronto Toronto Varsity Blues|Varsity Blues defeat the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club, 26–6.

1909 - [[Montreal Canadiens]] -ice hockey club, the oldest surviving professional hockey franchise in the world, is founded as a charter member of the National Hockey Association.

1918 - [[Woodrow Wilson]] -sails for the World War I peace talks in Palace of Versailles|Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.

1921 - [[Virginia Rappe]] -manslaughter trial against Roscoe Arbuckle|Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.

1937 - [[The Dandy]] -' is published.

1939 - [[World War II]] -{{HMS|Nelson|28|6}} is struck by a naval mine|mine (laid by {{GS|U-31|1936|2}}) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.

1942 - [[Carlson's patrol]] -during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.

1943 - [[Kingdom of Yugoslavia|Yugoslavia]] -resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.

1943 - [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]] -closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.

1945 - [[United States Senate]] -approves United States participation in the United Nations. (The UN had been established on October 24, 1945.)

1954 - [[Burger King]] -is opened in Miami.

1956 - [[Million Dollar Quartet]] -(Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together at Sun Studio for the first and last time.

1967 - [[Vietnam War]] -U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.

1969 - [[Black Panther Party]] -members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark (Black Panther)|Mark Clark are shot and killed in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.

1971 - [[United Nations Security Council]] -calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.

1971 - [[Indian Navy]] -attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.

1971 - [[Montreux Casino]] -in Switzerland is set ablaze by someone wielding a flare gun during a Frank Zappa concert; the incident would be noted in the Deep Purple song "Smoke on the Water".

1971 - [[The Troubles]] -: The Ulster Volunteer Force McGurk's Bar bombing|bombs a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing 15 civilians and wounding 17. It was the city's highest death toll from a single incident during the conflict.

1975 - [[Suriname]] -joins the United Nations.

1977 - [[Jean-Bédel Bokassa]] -president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.

1977 - [[Malaysian Airline System Flight 653]] -is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.

1978 - [[George Moscone]] -Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor. (She will serve until January 8, 1988.)

1979 - [[Kingston upon Hull|Hull]] -kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee.

1980 - [[Led Zeppelin]] -officially disbands, following the death of drummer John Bonham on September 25.

1981 - [[Ciskei]] -"homeland" (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).

1982 - [[constitution of the People's Republic of China|constitution]] -

1984 - [[Sri Lankan Civil War]] -Sri Lankan Army soldiers 1984 Mannar massacre|kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar, Sri Lanka|Mannar.

1984 - [[Hezbollah]] -militants Aircraft hijacking|hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.

1991 - [[Terry A. Anderson]] -is released after seven years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He is the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.

1991 - [[Pan American World Airways]] -Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport, ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.

1992 - [[Somali Civil War]] -President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia in Horn of Africa|Northeast Africa.

1993 - [[Angola]] -and UNITA rebels.

1998 - [[Unity Module]] -', the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

2005 - [[December 2005 protest for democracy in Hong Kong|protest for democracy]] -and call on the Hong Kong Government|government to allow universal suffrage|universal and equal suffrage.

2006 - [[Jena Six|Six black youths]] -assault a white teenager in Jena, Louisiana.

2013 - [[Xavier Bettel]] -becomes Luxembourg's first openly gay Prime Minister.

Famous Birthdays


1555 - [[Heinrich Meibom (poet)|Heinrich Meibom]] -German poet and historian (d. 1625)

1585 - [[John Cotton (minister)|John Cotton]] -English-American minister and theologian (d. 1652)

1595 - [[Jean Chapelain]] -French poet and critic (d. 1674)

1646 - [[Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon]] -French field marshal (d. 1730)

1647 - [[Daniel Eberlin]] -German soldier and composer (d. 1715)

1660 - [[André Campra]] -French composer and conductor (d. 1744)

1667 - [[Michel Pignolet de Montéclair]] -French composer (d. 1737)

1670 - [[John Aislabie]] -English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1742)

1711 - [[Barbara of Portugal]] -(d. 1758)

1713 - [[Gasparo Gozzi]] -Italian playwright and critic (d. 1786)

1777 - [[Juliette Récamier]] -French businesswoman (d. 1849)

1795 - [[Thomas Carlyle]] -Scottish-English historian, philosopher, and academic (d. 1881)

1798 - [[Jules Armand Dufaure]] -French politician, 33rd Prime Minister of France (d. 1881)

1817 - [[Nikoloz Baratashvili]] -Georgian poet (d. 1845)

1835 - [[Samuel Butler (novelist)|Samuel Butler]] -English author and critic (d. 1902)

1844 - [[Franz Xavier Wernz]] -German religious leader, 25th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)

1861 - [[Hannes Hafstein]] -Icelandic poet and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 1922)

1861 - [[Lillian Russell]] -American actress and singer (d. 1922)

1868 - [[Jesse Burkett]] -American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1953)

1875 - [[Joe Corbett]] -American baseball player and coach (d. 1945)

1875 - [[Rainer Maria Rilke]] -Austrian poet and author (d. 1926)

1878 - [[Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia]] -(d. 1918)

1880 - [[Tom Taylor (soccer)|Tom Taylor]] -Canadian soccer player (d. 1945)

1881 - [[Erwin von Witzleben]] -Polish-German field marshal (d. 1944)

1883 - [[Katharine Susannah Prichard]] -Australian author and playwright (d. 1969)

1886 - [[Jan Thomée]] -Dutch footballer (d. 1954)

1889 - [[Lloyd Bacon]] -American actor and director (d. 1955)

1892 - [[Francisco Franco]] -Spanish general and politician, List of Prime Ministers of Spain|Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1975)

1892 - [[Liu Bocheng]] -Chinese commander and politician (d. 1986)

1893 - [[Herbert Read]] -English poet and critic (d. 1968)

1895 - [[Feng Youlan]] -Chinese philosopher and academic (d. 1990)

1899 - [[Karl-Günther Heimsoth]] -German physician and politician (d. 1934)

1899 - [[Charlie Spencer]] -English footballer and manager (d. 1953)

1903 - [[Anna van der Vegt]] -Dutch gymnast (d. 1983)

1903 - [[Cornell Woolrich]] -American author (d. 1968)

1904 - [[Albert Norden]] -German politician (d. 1982)

1908 - [[Alfred Hershey]] -American bacteriologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)

1909 - [[Jimmy Jewel]] -English actor and singer (d. 1995)

1910 - [[Alex North]] -American composer (d. 1991)

1910 - [[R. Venkataraman]] -Indian lawyer and politician, 6th President of India (d. 2009)

1912 - [[Pappy Boyington]] -American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1988)

1913 - [[Mark Robson]] -Canadian-American director and producer (d. 1978)

1914 - [[Rudolf Hausner]] -Austrian painter and sculptor (d. 1995)

1914 - [[Claude Renoir]] -French cinematographer (d. 1993)

1915 - [[Eddie Heywood]] -American pianist and composer (d. 1989)

1916 - [[Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr.]] -American journalist and author (d. 1994)

1919 - [[I. K. Gujral]] -Indian poet and politician, 12th Prime Minister of India (d. 2012)

1920 - [[Nadir Afonso]] -Portuguese painter and architect (d. 2013)

1920 - [[Jeanne Manford]] -American educator and activist, co-founded PFLAG (d. 2013)

1921 - [[Deanna Durbin]] -Canadian-French actress and singer (d. 2013)

1922 - [[Gérard Philipe]] -French actor (d. 1959)

1923 - [[Charles Keating]] -American lawyer and financier (d. 2014)

1923 - [[Eagle Keys]] -American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2012)

1923 - [[John Krish]] -English director and screenwriter

1924 - [[John C. Portman, Jr.]] -American architect, designed the Renaissance Center and Tomorrow Square

1925 - [[Albert Bandura]] -Canadian-American psychologist and academic

1925 - [[Lino Lacedelli]] -Italian mountaineer (d. 2009)

1926 - [[Monty M. Wyche]] -American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 2014)

1927 - [[Barbara Knudson]] -American actress (d. 2014)

1927 - [[William Labov]] -American linguist and academic

1927 - [[Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe]] -Swedish silversmith and jeweler (d. 2004)

1928 - [[Dena Dietrich]] -American actress

1930 - [[Ronnie Corbett]] -Scottish actor

1930 - [[Jim Hall (musician)|Jim Hall]] -American guitarist and composer (d. 2013)

1931 - [[Alex Delvecchio]] -Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1931 - [[Wally George]] -American radio and television host (d. 2003)

1932 - [[Roh Tae-woo]] -South Korean general and politician, 6th President of South Korea

1933 - [[Horst Buchholz]] -German actor (d. 2003)

1934 - [[Victor French]] -American actor and director (d. 1989)

1934 - [[Wink Martindale]] -American game show host

1935 - [[Paul O'Neill (politician)|Paul O'Neill]] -American businessman and politician, 72nd United States Secretary of the Treasury

1935 - [[Robert Vesco]] -American financier (d. 2007)

1936 - [[Bernie McInerney]] -American actor

1937 - [[Max Baer, Jr.]] -American actor, director, and producer

1938 - [[Andre Marrou]] -American politician

1938 - [[Yvonne Minton]] -Australian soprano

1939 - [[Joan Brady (American-British writer)|Joan Brady]] -American-English author

1939 - [[Freddy Cannon]] -American singer and guitarist

1940 - [[Gerd Achterberg]] -German footballer and manager

1940 - [[Gary Gilmore]] -American murderer (d. 1977)

1942 - [[Gemma Jones]] -English actress and singer

1944 - [[Chris Hillman]] -American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Byrds, The Hillmen, The Flying Burrito Brothers, and Manassas (band)|Manassas)

1944 - [[Anna McGarrigle]] -Canadian singer-songwriter (Kate and Anna McGarrigle and Mountain City Four)

1944 - [[François Migault]] -French race car driver (d. 2012)

1944 - [[Dennis Wilson]] -American singer-songwriter, producer, and drummer (The Beach Boys) (d. 1983)

1945 - [[Roberta Bondar]] -Canadian neurologist, academic, and astronaut

1946 - [[Geert Mak]] -Dutch journalist and author

1947 - [[Jane Lubchenco]] -American ecologist, academic, and diplomat

1947 - [[Terry Woods]] -Irish guitarist (The Pogues, Steeleye Span, Sweeney's Men, The Bucks, and Dr. Strangely Strange)

1948 - [[Southside Johnny]] -American singer-songwriter (Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes)

1949 - [[A. Scott Berg]] -American journalist and author

1949 - [[Jeff Bridges]] -American actor, singer, and producer

1949 - [[Paula England]] -American sociologist and academic

1949 - [[Pamela Stephenson]] -New Zealand-Australian actress and psychologist

1949 - [[Jock Stirrup, Baron Stirrup]] -English air marshal and politician

1950 - [[Bjørn Kjellemyr]] -Norwegian bassist

1951 - [[Gary Rossington]] -American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd, Rossington Collins Band, and The Rossington Band)

1951 - [[Patricia Wettig]] -American actress and playwright

1953 - [[Gwen Humble]] -American actress

1953 - [[Rick Middleton]] -Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster

1954 - [[Tony Todd]] -American actor and producer

1955 - [[Philip Hammond]] -English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

1955 - [[Dave Taylor (ice hockey)|Dave Taylor]] -Canadian-American ice hockey player

1955 - [[Cassandra Wilson]] -American singer-songwriter and producer (M-Base)

1956 - [[Nia Griffith]] -Irish-Welsh educator and politician

1956 - [[Bernard King]] -American basketball player and sportscaster

1957 - [[Raul Boesel]] -Brazilian race car driver

1957 - [[Eric S. Raymond]] -American computer programmer and author

1958 - [[Tim Hutchings]] -English runner

1959 - [[Susan W. Krebs]] -American accountant and politician

1959 - [[Paul McGrath (footballer)|Paul McGrath]] -English-Irish footballer

1959 - [[Christa Luding-Rothenburger]] -German speed skater and cyclist

1960 - [[David Green (baseball)|David Green]] -Nicaraguan-American baseball player

1960 - [[Glynis Nunn]] -Australian heptathlete and hurler

1961 - [[Frank Reich]] -American football player and coach

1962 - [[Nixon Kiprotich]] -Kenyan runner

1962 - [[Julie Lemieux]] -Canadian voice actress and singer

1962 - [[Kevin Richardson (footballer)|Kevin Richardson]] -English footballer and manager

1963 - [[Sergey Bubka]] -Ukrainian pole vaulter

1964 - [[Sertab Erener]] -Turkish singer-songwriter

1964 - [[Jonathan Goldstein (actor)|Jonathan Goldstein]] -American actor and director

1964 - [[Scott Hastings (rugby union)|Scott Hastings]] -Scottish rugby player and sportscaster

1964 - [[Chelsea Noble]] -American actress

1964 - [[Marisa Tomei]] -American actress

1965 - [[Álex de la Iglesia]] -Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter

1965 - [[Shaun Hollamby]] -English racing driver and businessman

1966 - [[Masta Ace]] -American rapper (eMC (hip hop group)|eMC and Juice Crew)

1966 - [[Fred Armisen]] -American actor and screenwriter

1966 - [[Andy Hess]] -American bass player (Gov't Mule and The Black Crowes)

1966 - [[Suzanne Malveaux]] -American journalist

1966 - [[Chris Shepherd]] -English animator, director, producer, and screenwriter

1968 - [[Mike Barrowman]] -Paraguayan-American swimmer

1968 - [[Dionne Farris]] -American, singer-songwriter, producer and actress

1969 - [[Jay-Z]] -American rapper, producer, and actor, co-founded Roc-A-Fella Records

1969 - [[Plum Sykes]] -English-American journalist and author

1970 - [[Kevin Sussman]] -American actor

1970 - [[Sylvester Terkay]] -American wrestler and mixed martial artist

1971 - [[Shannon Briggs]] -American boxer and actor

1972 - [[Jassen Cullimore]] -Canadian ice hockey player

1972 - [[Yūko Miyamura]] -Japanese voice actress and singer

1972 - [[Nikki Tyler]] -American porn actress and model

1973 - [[Tyra Banks]] -American model, actress, and producer

1973 - [[Frank Boeijen (keyboardist)|Frank Boeijen]] -Dutch keyboard player (The Gathering (band)|The Gathering)

1973 - [[Michael Jackson (footballer)|Michael Jackson]] -English footballer

1973 - [[Mina Caputo]] -American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Life of Agony)

1973 - [[Ferry Corsten]] -Dutch DJ and producer (Gouryella and Veracocha)

1973 - [[Steven Menzies]] -Australian rugby player

1973 - [[Kate Rusby]] -English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Poozies)

1973 - [[Racci Shay]] -American drummer (Murderdolls, Synical, Dope (band)|Dope, and Genitorturers)

1973 - [[Atsushi Tamura]] -Japanese actor and singer (Jealkb)

1974 - [[Tadahito Iguchi]] -Japanese baseball player

1976 - [[Amie Comeaux]] -American singer (d. 1997)

1976 - [[Kristina Groves]] -Canadian speed skater

1977 - [[Darvis Patton]] -American sprinter

1977 - [[Big Pokey]] -American rapper (Screwed Up Click)

1977 - [[Morten Veland]] -Norwegian guitarist and songwriter (Sirenia, Tristania (band)|Tristania, and Mortemia)

1978 - [[Jaclyn Victor]] -Malaysian singer and actress

1979 - [[Ysabella Brave]] -American singer-songwriter

1979 - [[Jay DeMerit]] -American soccer player

1980 - [[Rick Victor]] -Canadian wrestler

1981 - [[Courtney Cummz]] -American porn actress and director

1981 - [[Lila McCann]] -American singer and actress

1982 - [[Nathan Douglas]] -English triple jumper

1982 - [[Waldo Ponce]] -Chilean footballer

1982 - [[Ho-Pin Tung]] -Dutch-Chinese race car driver

1982 - [[Nick Vujicic]] -Australian evangelist

1983 - [[Jimmy Bartel]] -Australian footballer

1984 - [[Brooke (wrestler)|Brooke]] -American wrestler and model

1984 - [[Lindsay Felton]] -American actress

1984 - [[Marco Giambruno]] -Italian footballer

1984 - [[Anna Petrakova]] -Russian basketball player

1984 - [[Joe Thomas (American football)|Joe Thomas]] -American football player

1985 - [[Andrew Brackman]] -American baseball player

1985 - [[Carlos Gómez]] -Dominican baseball player

1985 - [[Stephen Dawson]] -Irish footballer

1986 - [[Kaija Udras]] -Estonian skier

1986 - [[Martell Webster]] -American basketball player

1987 - [[Orlando Brown (actor)|Orlando Brown]] -American actor and rapper

1987 - [[Yukina Kinoshita]] -Japanese model, actress, singer, and television personality (Shuchishin)

1987 - [[Kethy Õunpuu]] -Estonian footballer

1988 - [[Mario Maurer]] -Thai model and actor

1988 - [[Andriy Pylyavskyi]] -Ukrainian footballer

1989 - [[Jen Da Silva]] -Filipino model

1990 - [[Lukman Haruna]] -Nigerian footballer

1990 - [[Igor Sjunin]] -Estonian triple jumper

1990 - [[Cindy Yang]] -Taiwanese model and actress (d. 2015)

1992 - [[Jean-Claude Iranzi]] -Rwandan footballer

1992 - [[Līna Mūze]] -Latvian javelin thrower

1992 - [[Guan Xueting]] -Chinese ice dancer

History of Deaths


749 - [[John of Damascus]] -Syrian priest and saint (b. 676)

771 - [[Carloman I]] -Frankish king (b. 751)

1075 - [[Anno II]] -German archbishop and saint (b. 1010)

1131 - [[Omar Khayyám]] -Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)

1214 - [[William the Lion]] -Scottish king (b. 1143)

1270 - [[Theobald II of Navarre]] -(b. 1238)

1334 - [[Pope John XXII]] -(b. 1249)

1340 - [[Henry Burghersh]] -English bishop (b. 1292)

1459 - [[Adolphus VIII, Count of Holstein]] -(b. 1401)

1576 - [[Georg Joachim Rheticus]] -Austrian-Slovak mathematician and cartographer (b. 1514)

1585 - [[John Willock]] -Scottish minister and reformer (b. 1515)

1609 - [[Alexander Hume]] -Scottish poet (b. 1560)

1642 - [[Cardinal Richelieu]] -French bishop (b. 1585)

1649 - [[William Drummond of Hawthornden]] -(b. 1585)

1679 - [[Thomas Hobbes]] -English philosopher and author (b. 1588)

1680 - [[Thomas Bartholin]] -Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)

1696 - [[Empress Meishō]] -of Japan (b. 1624)

1732 - [[John Gay]] -English poet and playwright (b. 1685)

1798 - [[Luigi Galvani]] -Italian physician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1737)

1828 - [[Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool]] -English politician, List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)

1841 - [[David Daniel Davis]] -Welsh-English physician and academic (b. 1777)

1850 - [[William Sturgeon]] -English physicist, invented the electric motor (b. 1783)

1893 - [[John Tyndall]] -Irish-English physicist and chemist (b. 1820)

1897 - [[Griffith Rhys Jones]] -Welsh conductor (b. 1834)

1902 - [[Charles Dow]] -American journalist and publisher, co-founded the Dow Jones & Company (b. 1851)

1926 - [[Ivana Kobilca]] -Slovenian painter (b. 1861)

1933 - [[Stefan George]] -German-Swiss poet and translator (b. 1868)

1935 - [[Johan Halvorsen]] -Norwegian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1864)

1935 - [[Charles Richet]] -French physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)

1938 - [[Tamanishiki San'emon]] -Japanese sumo wrestler, the 32nd Yokozuna (sumo)|Yokozuna (b. 1903)

1942 - [[Juhan Kukk]] -Estonian politician, 3rd Head of State of Estonia (b. 1885)

1944 - [[Roger Bresnahan]] -American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)

1945 - [[Thomas Hunt Morgan]] -American geneticist and biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)

1948 - [[Frank Benford]] -American physicist and engineer (b. 1883)

1955 - [[József Galamb]] -Hungarian-American engineer (b. 1881)

1967 - [[Bert Lahr]] -American actor and singer (b. 1895)

1969 - [[Fred Hampton]] -American activist (b. 1948)

1971 - [[Shunryu Suzuki]] -Japanese-American monk and educator, founded the San Francisco Zen Center (b. 1904)

1975 - [[Hannah Arendt]] -German-American historian, theorist, and academic (b. 1906)

1976 - [[Tommy Bolin]] -American guitarist and songwriter (Zephyr (band)|Zephyr, James Gang, and Deep Purple) (b. 1951)

1976 - [[Benjamin Britten]] -English pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1913)

1976 - [[W. F. McCoy]] -Irish soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1886)

1980 - [[Francisco de Sá Carneiro]] -Portuguese lawyer and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1934)

1980 - [[Stanisława Walasiewicz]] -Polish-American runner (b. 1911)

1980 - [[Don Warrington]] -Canadian football player (b. 1948)

1984 - [[Jack Mercer]] -American animator, screenwriter, voice actor, and singer (b. 1910)

1987 - [[Arnold Lobel]] -American author and illustrator (b. 1933)

1987 - [[Rouben Mamoulian]] -Georgian-American director and screenwriter (b. 1897)

1988 - [[Osman Achmatowicz]] -Polish chemist and academic (b. 1899)

1992 - [[Henry Clausen]] -American lawyer and author (b. 1905)

1993 - [[Margaret Landon]] -American missionary and author (b. 1903)

1993 - [[Frank Zappa]] -American contemporary composer, guitarist, and record producer (The Mothers of Invention) (b. 1940)

1995 - [[Lionel Giroux]] -Canadian wrestler (b. 1935)

1997 - [[Richard Vernon]] -English actor (b. 1925)

1999 - [[Rose Bird]] -American academic and judge, 25th Chief Justice of California (b. 1936)

2000 - [[Henck Arron]] -Surinamese banker and politician, 1st List of Prime Ministers of Suriname#Prime Ministers of the Republic of Suriname|Prime Minister of the Republic of Suriname (b. 1936)

2003 - [[Iggy Katona]] -American race car driver (b. 1916)

2004 - [[Teo Peter]] -Romanian bass player (b. 1954)

2004 - [[Elena Souliotis]] -Greek soprano (b. 1943)

2005 - [[Errol Brathwaite]] -New Zealand soldier and author (b. 1924)

2005 - [[Gregg Hoffman]] -American film producer (b. 1963)

2005 - [[Gloria Lasso]] -Spanish-Mexican singer (b. 1922)

2006 - [[K. Ganeshalingam]] -Sri Lankan accountant and politician, Mayor of Colombo (b. 1938)

2006 - [[James Kim]] -American television host and blogger (b. 1971)

2006 - [[Ross A. McGinnis]] -American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1987)

2007 - [[Pimp C]] -American rapper and producer (UGK) (b. 1973)

2007 - [[Norval Morrisseau]] -Canadian painter (b. 1932)

2007 - [[Chip Reese]] -American poker player (b. 1951)

2009 - [[Umaga (wrestler)|Umaga]] -American wrestler (b. 1973)

2009 - [[Liam Clancy]] -Irish singer, guitarist, and actor (The Clancy Brothers) (b. 1935)

2011 - [[Sócrates]] -Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1954)

2011 - [[Hubert Sumlin]] -American singer and guitarist (b. 1931)

2011 - [[RJ Rosales]] -Filipino singer (b. 1974)

2012 - [[Vasily Belov]] -Russian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1932)

2012 - [[Jack Brooks (politician)|Jack Brooks]] -American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1922)

2012 - [[Miguel Calero]] -Colombian footballer and manager (b. 1971)

2012 - [[Besse Cooper]] -American super-centenarian (b. 1896)

2012 - [[Anthony Deane-Drummond]] -English general (b. 1917)

2012 - [[Carroll E. Lanier]] -American sailor and politician (b. 1926)

2013 - [[Robert Allman]] -Australian actor and singer (b. 1927)

2013 - [[Charles Grigg]] -English illustrator (b. 1916)

2013 - [[Paddy O'Byrne]] -Irish radio host and actor (b. 1929)

2013 - [[Joana Raspall i Juanola]] -Spanish author and poet (b. 1913)

2014 - [[Claudia Emerson]] -American poet and academic (b. 1957)

2014 - [[V. R. Krishna Iyer]] -Indian lawyer and judge (b. 1914)

2014 - [[Lynne Kosky]] -Australian social worker and politician (b. 1958)

2014 - [[Vincent L. McKusick]] -American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)

2014 - [[Jeremy Thorpe]] -English lawyer and politician (b. 1929)

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