This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

109 - [[Trajan]] -inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an Roman aqueduct|aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, {{convert|40|km|mi|abbr=off}} north-west of Ancient Rome|Rome.

474 - [[Julius Nepos]] -forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

637 - [[Battle of Moira]] -is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dál Riata. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland.

972 - [[Battle of Cedynia]] -the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place.

1128 - [[Battle of São Mamede]] -near Guimarães: Forces led by Afonso I of Portugal|Afonso I defeat forces led by his mother Theresa, Countess of Portugal|Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique.

1230 - [[Siege of Jaén (1230)|Siege of Jaén]] -started in the context of the Spanish Reconquista.

1314 - [[First War of Scottish Independence]] -The Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though Kingdom of England|England did not recognize Kingdom of Scotland|Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton.

1340 - [[Hundred Years' War]] -Battle of Sluys: The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English fleet commanded in person by King Edward III of England|Edward III.

1374 - [[Dancing mania|St. John's Dance]] -causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.

1497 - [[John Cabot]] -lands in North America at Newfoundland (island)|Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.

1509 - [[Henry VIII of England|Henry VIII]] -and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England.

1531 - [[San Juan del Río]] -Mexico, is founded.

1535 - [[Anabaptist]] -state of Münster Rebellion|Münster is conquered and disbanded.

1571 - [[Miguel López de Legazpi]] -founds Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines.

1597 - [[East Indies]] -reaches Banten (town)|Banten (on Java).

1604 - [[Samuel de Champlain]] -discovers the mouth of the Saint John River (Bay of Fundy)|Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

1622 - [[Battle of Macau]] -The Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.

1717 - [[Premier Grand Lodge of England]] -the first Freemasonry|Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London.

1762 - [[Battle of Wilhelmsthal]] -The British-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats French forces in Westphalia.

1779 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins.

1793 - [[French Constitution of 1793|first Republican constitution]] -in France is adopted.

1812 - [[Napoleonic Wars]] -Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman (river)|Neman river beginning the French invasion of Russia|invasion of Russia.

1813 - [[Battle of Beaver Dams]] -A British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army.

1821 - [[Battle of Carabobo]] -takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.

1859 - [[Battle of Solferino]] -(Battle of the Three Sovereigns): Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.

1866 - [[Battle of Custoza (1866)|Battle of Custoza]] -An Austrian Empire|Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.

1880 - [[O Canada]] -', the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

1894 - [[Marie François Sadi Carnot]] -is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.

1902 - [[Edward VII]] -of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.

1913 - [[Serbia]] -annul their alliance with Bulgaria.

1916 - [[Mary Pickford]] -becomes the first female film star to sign a million-dollar contract.

1916 - [[World War I]] -The Battle of the Somme begins with a week-long artillery bombardment on the Germany|German Line.

1918 - [[airmail]] -service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.

1932 - [[Siamese revolution of 1932|revolution]] -instigated by the Khana Ratsadon|People's Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Rattanakosin Kingdom|Siam (now Thailand).

1938 - [[meteor]] -estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania.

1939 - [[Thailand]] -by Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the country's third Prime Minister of Thailand|prime minister.

1940 - [[World War II]] -Operation Collar (commando raid)|Operation Collar, the first British Commandos|British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company.

1947 - [[Kenneth Arnold]] -makes the first widely reported Kenneth Arnold UFO sighting|UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington (state)|Washington.

1948 - [[Berlin Blockade]] -The Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible.

1949 - [[Westerns on television|television western]] -''Hopalong Cassidy'', is aired on NBC starring William Boyd (actor)|William Boyd.

1954 - [[First Indochina War]] -Battle of Mang Yang Pass: Viet Minh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê.

1957 - [[Roth v. United States]] -', the Supreme Court of the United States|U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution|First Amendment.

1963 - [[Zanzibar]] -internal self-government.

1967 - [[Mossdale Caverns]] -

1973 - [[UpStairs Lounge arson attack]] -takes place at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at 141 Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Thirty-two people die as a result of fire or smoke inhalation.

1981 - [[Humber Bridge]] -is opens to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world's longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years.

1982 - [[British Airways Flight 9]] -flies into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.

1989 - [[Jiang Zemin]] -succeeds Zhao Ziyang to become the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

1995 - [[1995 Rugby World Cup|Rugby World Cup final]] -: South Africa defeats New Zealand, Nelson Mandela presents Francois Pienaar with the Webb-Ellis trophy in an iconic post-apartheid moment.

2002 - [[Igandu train disaster]] -in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.

2004 - [[capital punishment]] -is declared unconstitutional.

2010 - [[John Isner]] -of the United States defeats Nicolas Mahut of France at The Championships, Wimbledon|Wimbledon, in Isner–Mahut match at the 2010 Wimbledon Championships|the longest match in professional tennis history.

2010 - [[Julia Gillard]] -assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.

2012 - [[Lonesome George]] -the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, dies.

2013 - [[Prime Minister of Italy|Italian Prime Minister]] -Silvio Berlusconi is Silvio Berlusconi prostitute trial|found guilty of abusing his power and having sex with an underage prostitute, and is sentenced to seven years in prison.

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