This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-18

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

350 - [[Magnentius]] -deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor.

474 - [[Leo II (emperor)|Leo II]] -succeeds his maternal grandfather Leo I the Thracian|Leo I as Byzantine emperor. He dies ten months later.

532 - [[Nika riots]] -in Constantinople fail.

1126 - [[Emperor Huizong of Song|Emperor Huizong]] -abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong of Song|Emperor Qinzong.

1486 - [[Henry VII of England]] -marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV of England|Edward IV.

1535 - [[Francisco Pizarro]] -History of Lima|founds Lima, the capital of Peru.

1562 - [[Pope Pius IV]] -reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session.

1591 - [[Naresuan]] -of Ayutthaya Kingdom|Siam kills Crown Prince Mingyi Swa of Burma in single combat, for which this date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.

1670 - [[Henry Morgan]] -captures Panama.

1701 - [[Frederick I of Prussia|Frederick I]] -crowns himself King of Prussia in Königsberg.

1778 - [[James Cook]] -is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the "Sandwich Islands".

1788 - [[First Fleet]] -carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrive at Botany Bay.

1866 - [[Wesley College, Melbourne]] -is established.

1871 - [[Wilhelm I of Germany]] -is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles (France) towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans.

1884 - [[William Price (physician)|William Price]] -attempts to cremation|cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.

1886 - [[field hockey|hockey]] -is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

1896 - [[X-ray]] -X-ray generator|generating machine is exhibited for the first time by H. L. Smith.

1903 - [[Theodore Roosevelt]] -sends a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States. {{Citation needed|reason=Plaque at site says 19 Jan; 'sources vary'?|date=January 2012}}

1911 - [[Eugene B. Ely]] -lands on the deck of the {{USS|Pennsylvania|ACR-4|6}} stationed in San Francisco Bay, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship.

1913 - [[First Balkan War]] -A Hellenic Navy|Greek flotilla defeats the Ottoman Navy in the Battle of Lemnos (1913)|Naval Battle of Lemnos, securing the islands of the Northern Aegean Sea for Greece.

1915 - [[Twenty-One Demands]] -to the Republic of China (1912–49)|Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.

1916 - [[meteorite]] -strikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.

1919 - [[World War I]] -The Paris Peace Conference, 1919|Paris Peace Conference opens in Palace of Versailles|Versailles, France.

1919 - [[Ignacy Jan Paderewski]] -becomes Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland.

1919 - [[Bentley|Bentley Motors Limited]] -is founded.

1941 - [[World War II]] -British troops East African Campaign (World War II)#Allied counter-offensive|launch a general counter-offensive against Italian East Africa.

1943 - [[Warsaw Ghetto Uprising]] -The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.

1944 - [[Metropolitan Opera House (39th Street)|Metropolitan Opera House]] -in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers are Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

1944 - [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] -forces liberate Saint Petersburg|Leningrad, effectively ending a three-year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.

1945 - [[Budapest Ghetto]] -by the Red Army.

1945 - [[Kraków]] -Poland by the Red Army.

1955 - [[Chinese Civil War]] -Battle of Yijiangshan Islands is fought.

1958 - [[Willie O'Ree]] -the first African Canadian National Hockey League player, makes his NHL debut with the Boston Bruins.

1960 - [[Capital Airlines Flight 20]] -crashes into a farm in Charles City County, Virginia, killing all 50 aboard, the third fatal Capital Airlines crash in as many years.

1967 - [[Albert DeSalvo]] -the "Boston Strangler", is convicted of numerous crimes and is sentenced to life imprisonment.

1969 - [[United Airlines Flight 266]] -crashes into Santa Monica Bay killing all 32 passengers and six crew members.

1974 - [[Israel]] -and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War.

1976 - [[Christianity in Lebanon|Lebanese Christian]] -militias overrun Karantina, Beirut, Karantina massacre|killing at least 1,000.

1977 - [[bacterium]] -as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.

1977 - [[Granville rail disaster|rail disaster]] -occurs at Granville, New South Wales|Granville, Sydney killing 83.

1977 - [[Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|SFR Yugoslavia's]] -Prime minister, Džemal Bijedić, his wife and six others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

1978 - [[European Court of Human Rights]] -finds the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.

1978 - [[Hartford Civic Center]] -collapses after a significant snowfall.

1981 - [[BASE jumping|BASE jump]] -from objects in all four categories: buildings, antennae, spans (bridges), and earth (cliffs).

1983 - [[International Olympic Committee]] -restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals to his family.

1990 - [[Marion Barry]] -is arrested for Psychoactive drug|drug possession in an Federal Bureau of Investigation|FBI sting.

1993 - [[Martin Luther King, Jr. Day]] -is officially observed for the first time in all 50 states.

1997 - [[Rwanda]] -Hutu militia members kill three Spanish aid workers, three soldiers and seriously wound one other.

1997 - [[Børge Ousland]] -of Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided.

2000 - [[Tagish Lake (meteorite)|Tagish Lake]] -meteorite impacts the Earth.

2002 - [[Sierra Leone Civil War]] -is declared over.

2003 - [[2003 Canberra bushfires|bushfire]] -kills four people and destroys more than 500 homes in Canberra, Australia.

2005 - [[Airbus A380]] -the world's largest commercial jet, is unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France

2007 - [[1999]] -with 13 deaths. Kyrill (storm)|Hurricane Kyrill causes at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe.

2009 - [[Gaza War (2008–09)|Gaza War]] -Hamas announces they will accept Israel Defense Forces's offer of a ceasefire, ending the Gaza War (2008–09)|assault.

2012 - [[Protests against SOPA and PIPA|A series of coordinated actions]] -take place in protest against Stop Online Piracy Act and PROTECT IP Act.

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