This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-23

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

393 - [[List of Roman Emperors|Roman Emperor]] -Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius (emperor)|Honorius co-emperor.

971 - [[war elephant]] -corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops.

1264 - [[Henry III of England]] -and his rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester|Simon de Montfort, King Louis IX of France issues the Mise of Amiens, a one-sided decision in favour of Henry that later leads to the Second Barons' War.

1368 - [[Zhu Yuanzhang]] -ascends the Emperor of China|throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

1546 - [[François Rabelais]] -publishes the ''Tiers Livre'', his sequel to ''Gargantua and Pantagruel''.

1556 - [[earthquake]] -in history, the 1556 Shaanxi earthquake|Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.

1570 - [[James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray]] -regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.

1571 - [[Royal Exchange, London|Royal Exchange]] -opens in London.

1579 - [[Union of Utrecht]] -forms a Protestantism|Protestant republic in the Netherlands.

1656 - [[Blaise Pascal]] -publishes the first of his ''Lettres provinciales''.

1719 - [[Principality]] -of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

1789 - [[Georgetown University|Georgetown College]] -the first Catholic university in the United States, is founded in Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)|Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)

1793 - [[Second Partition of Poland]] -

1795 - [[Zuiderzee]] -the French cavalry Capture of the Dutch fleet at Den Helder|captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns, in a rare occurrence of a battle between ships and cavalry

1849 - [[Elizabeth Blackwell]] -is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.

1855 - [[1855 Wairarapa earthquake]] -and tsunami leaves nine dead in New Zealand.

1855 - [[Mississippi River]] -opens in what is now Minneapolis, a crossing made today by the Hennepin Avenue Bridge.

1870 - [[Montana]] -U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.

1879 - [[Anglo-Zulu War]] -the Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.

1897 - [[Elva Zona Heaster]] -is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

1899 - [[Malolos Constitution]] -is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic.

1899 - [[Emilio Aguinaldo]] -is sworn in as President of the Philippines|President of the First Philippine Republic.

1900 - [[Second Boer War]] -The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.

1904 - [[Ålesund Fire]] -the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II, German Emperor|Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Art Nouveau|Jugendstil style.

1909 - [[White Star Line]] -becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS ''Florida'', off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The ''Republic'' sinks the next day.

1912 - [[International Opium Convention]] -is signed at The Hague.

1920 - [[Wilhelm II, German Emperor|Kaiser Wilhelm II]] -of Germany to the Allies of World War I|Allies.

1937 - [[Communist]] -go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.

1941 - [[Charles Lindbergh]] -testifies before the United States Congress|U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.

1942 - [[World War II]] -The Battle of Rabaul (1942)|Battle of Rabaul begins, the first fighting of the New Guinea campaign.

1943 - [[Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein|Montgomery]] -s Eighth Army (United Kingdom)|Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German–Italian Panzer Army.

1943 - [[Territory of Papua|Papua]] -

1943 - [[Duke Ellington]] -plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1943 - [[Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse]] -on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.

1945 - [[Karl Dönitz]] -launches Operation Hannibal.

1950 - [[Knesset]] -passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

1957 - [[Walter Frederick Morrison]] -sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee".

1958 - [[President of Venezuela|President]] -Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.

1960 - [[bathyscaphe]] -Bathyscaphe Trieste|USS ''Trieste'' breaks a depth record by descending to {{Convert|10911|m|ft}} in the Pacific Ocean.

1961 - [[cruise ship]] -''Santa Maria'' is Santa Maria hijacking|hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo (Portugal)|Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.

1963 - [[Guinea-Bissau War of Independence]] -officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite (Guinea-Bissau)|Tite.

1964 - [[Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution|24th Amendment]] -to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of Poll tax (United States)|poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

1967 - [[Diplomatic relations]] -between the Soviet Union and Côte d'Ivoire are established.

1967 - [[Milton Keynes]] -(England) is founded as a New towns in the United Kingdom|new town by Order in Council, with a planning brief to become a city of 250,000 people. Its initial designated area enclosed three existing towns and twenty one villages.

1968 - [[North Korea]] -seizes the {{USS|Pueblo|AGER-2|6}}, claiming the ship had violated its territorial waters while spying.

1973 - [[Richard Nixon]] -announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.

1973 - [[volcanic eruption]] -devastates Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.

1986 - [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame]] -inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.

1997 - [[Madeleine Albright]] -becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

1997 - [[Antonis Daglis]] -is sentenced to thirteen consecutive life sentences, plus 25 years for the serial slayings of three women and the attempted murder of six others.

2001 - [[Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident|set themselves on fire]] -in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution of Falun Gong|persecution.

2002 - [[Taliban]] -John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation|FBI custody.

2002 - [[Daniel Pearl]] -is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.

2003 - [[Pioneer 10]] -

2014 - [[L'Isle-Verte nursing home fire|fire breaks out]] -in a L'Isle Verte, Quebec elderly home, killing 28 people.

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