This Day in History

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Day History: August-19

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History


295 - [[Roman temple|temple]] -to Venus (mythology)|Venus, the Roman mythology|Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, is dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges (consul 292 BC)|Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges during the Third Samnite War.

43 - [[Augustus|Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus]] -later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.

1153 - [[Baldwin III of Jerusalem]] -takes control of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from his mother Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem|Melisende, and also Siege of Ascalon|captures Ascalon.

1504 - [[Hiberno-Normans|Hiberno-Norman]] -de Burghs (Burkes) and Anglo-Norman Fitzgeralds fight in the Battle of Knockdoe.

1561 - [[Mary, Queen of Scots]] -who was 18 years old, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.

1612 - [[Samlesbury witches]] -, three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous Witch-hunt|witch trials in British history.

1666 - [[Second Anglo-Dutch War]] -Rear Admiral Robert Holmes (Royal Navy officer)|Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".

1692 - [[Salem witch trials]] -In Salem, Massachusetts|Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.

1745 - [[Charles Edward Stuart]] -raises his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Jacobite rising of 1745|Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as "the 45".

1759 - [[Battle of Lagos]] -Naval battle during the Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France.

1768 - [[Saint Isaac's Cathedral]] -is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

1772 - [[Gustav III of Sweden]] -stages a coup d'état, in which he assumes power and enacts a new constitution that divides power between the Riksdag of the Estates|Riksdag and the King.

1782 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -Battle of Blue Licks: The last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis|Charles Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.

1812 - [[War of 1812]] -American frigate {{USS|Constitution}} USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere|defeats the British frigate {{HMS|Guerriere|1806|6}} off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".

1813 - [[Gervasio Antonio de Posadas]] -joins Argentina's Second Triumvirate (Argentina)|Second Triumvirate.

1839 - [[Louis Daguerre]] -s daguerreotype|photographic process is a gift "free to the world".

1848 - [[California Gold Rush]] -The ''New York Herald'' breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).

1854 - [[First Sioux War]] -begins when United States Army soldiers kill Lakota people|Lakota chief Conquering Bear and in return are Grattan massacre|massacred.

1861 - [[Weisshorn]] -fifth highest summit in the Alps.

1862 - [[American Indian Wars]] -During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota people|Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, Minnesota|New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.

1895 - [[American frontier]] -murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a bar (establishment)|saloon in El Paso, Texas.

1909 - [[Indianapolis Motor Speedway]] -

1914 - [[Sofia]] -

1919 - [[Afghanistan]] -gains full independence from the United Kingdom.

1927 - [[Patriarch Sergius of Moscow]] -proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union.

1934 - [[Soap Box Derby]] -is held in Dayton, Ohio.

1934 - [[Führer]] -is approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.

1940 - [[North American B-25 Mitchell|B-25 Mitchell]] -medium bomber.

1942 - [[World War II]] -Dieppe Raid|Operation Jubilee: The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an amphibious warfare|amphibious assault by Allies of World War II|allied forces on Dieppe, France and fails, many Canadians are killed or captured. The operation was intended to develop and try new amphibious landing tactics for the coming full invasion in Normandy.

1944 - [[Liberation of Paris]] -Paris, France rises against Nazi Germany|German occupation with the help of Allied troops.

1945 - [[August Revolution]] -Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam.

1953 - [[Cold War]] -The Central Intelligence Agency|CIA and Secret Intelligence Service|MI6 help to 1953 Iranian coup d'état|overthrow the government of Mohammad Mosaddegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

1955 - [[Hurricane Diane]] -claims 200 lives.

1960 - [[Lockheed U-2|U-2]] -pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.

1960 - [[List of spacecraft called Sputnik|Sputnik program]] -''Korabl-Sputnik 2'': The Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Soviet space dogs#Belka and Strelka|Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants.

1964 - [[Syncom 3]] -the first Geostationary orbit|geostationary communication satellite, was launched.

1965 - [[Prime Minister of Japan|Japanese prime minister]] -Eisaku Satō becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa Prefecture.

1978 - [[Cinema Rex fire]] -caused more than 400 deaths.

1980 - [[Saudia Flight 163]] -a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar burns after making an emergency landing at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 301 people.

1981 - [[Gulf of Sidra incident (1981)|Gulf of Sidra Incident]] -United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Air Force (1951–2011)|Libyan Sukhoi Su-17|Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.

1987 - [[Hungerford massacre]] -In the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with a semi-automatic rifle and then commits suicide.

1989 - [[Wojciech Jaruzelski]] -nominates Solidarity (Polish trade union)|Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be the first non-Communism|communist prime minister in 42 years.

1989 - [[Radio Caroline]] -the offshore pirate station in the North Sea, is raided by British and Dutch governments.

1989 - [[East Germany|East Germans]] -cross the frontier between Hungary and Austria during the Pan-European Picnic, part of the events that began the process of the Fall of the Berlin Wall.

1991 - [[Dissolution of the Soviet Union]] -1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt|August Coup: President of the Soviet Union|Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Ukraine.

1991 - [[Crown Heights riot]] -Black groups target Hasidic Judaism|Hasidic Jews on the streets of Crown Heights, Brooklyn|Crown Heights in New York City for three days, after two black children were hit by a car driven by a Hasidic man.

1999 - [[Belgrade]] -Serbia and Montenegro|Yugoslavia, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of President of Serbia and Montenegro|Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milošević.

2002 - [[Khankala Mi-26 crash]] -A Russian Mil Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechens|Chechen missile outside Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.

2003 - [[Canal Hotel bombing|car-bomb attack]] -on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.

2003 - [[Jerusalem]] -Israel, planned by Hamas, kills 23 Israelis, seven of them children, in the Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing.

2005 - [[Peace Mission 2005]] -begins.

2005 - [[Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 2005|A series of strong storms]] -lashes Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as creating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its Greater Toronto Area|surrounding communities. In Toronto, it is also dubbed the "Toronto Supercell".

2009 - [[August 2009 Baghdad bombings|series of bombings]] -in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others.

2010 - [[Iraq War|Operation Iraqi Freedom]] -ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait.

2012 - [[2012 Sudan Antonov An-26 crash|plane crash]] -kills 32 people in Sudan.

2013 - [[Dhamara Ghat train accident|train accident]] -in India kills at least 37 people and injures over a dozen.

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