This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

285 - [[Diocletian]] -appoints Maximian as Caesar (title)|Caesar, co-ruler.

306 - [[Constantine the Great|Constantine I]] -is proclaimed Roman Empire|Roman emperor by his troops.

315 - [[Arch of Constantine]] -is completed near the Colosseum in Rome to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Ponte Milvio|Milvian Bridge.

864 - [[Edict of Pistres]] -of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.

1137 - [[Eleanor of Aquitaine]] -married Prince Louis, later King Louis VII of France, at the Bordeaux Cathedral|Cathedral of Saint-André in Bordeaux.

1139 - [[Battle of Ourique]] -The Almoravid dynasty|Almoravids, led by Ali ibn Yusuf, are defeated by Prince Afonso I of Portugal|Afonso Henriques who is proclaimed King of Portugal.

1261 - [[Constantinople]] -is recaptured by Empire of Nicaea|Nicaean forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.

1278 - [[Battle of Algeciras (1278)|Battle of Algeciras]] -takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in a victory for the Emirate of Granada and the Maranid Dynasty over the Kingdom of Castile.

1467 - [[Battle of Molinella]] -The first battle in Italy in which firearms are used extensively.

1536 - [[Sebastián de Belalcázar]] -on his search of El Dorado founds the city of Cali|Santiago de Cali.

1538 - [[Guayaquil]] -is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil.

1547 - [[Henry II of France]] -is Coronation|crowned.

1554 - [[Mary I of England|Mary I]] -marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral.

1567 - [[Caracas]] -the capital city of Venezuela.

1593 - [[Henry IV of France]] -publicly converts from Protestantism to Catholic Church|Roman Catholicism.

1603 - [[James VI and I|James VI of Scotland]] -is crowned List of English monarchs|king of England (James I of England), bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would Acts of Union 1707|occur in 1707.

1609 - [[Sea Venture]] -', en route to Colony of Virginia|Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there.

1693 - [[Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León]] -Mexico.

1722 - [[Father Rale's War|Dummer's War]] -begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.

1755 - [[British Empire|British]] -governor Charles Lawrence (British Army officer)|Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the Expulsion of the Acadians|deportation of the Acadians. Thousands of Acadians are sent to the British Colonies in America, France and England. Some later move to Louisiana, while others resettle in New Brunswick.

1759 - [[French and Indian War]] -In Western New York, British forces capture Fort Niagara from the French, who subsequently abandon Fort Rouillé.

1783 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -The war's last action, the Siege of Cuddalore, is ended by a preliminary peace agreement.

1788 - [[Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart]] -completes his Symphony No. 40 (Mozart)|Symphony No. 40 in G minor (K550).

1792 - [[Brunswick Manifesto]] -is issued to the population of Paris promising vengeance if the French royal family is harmed.

1795 - [[Pontcysyllte Aqueduct]] -is laid.

1797 - [[Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson|Horatio Nelson]] -loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).

1799 - [[Abu Qir]] -in Egypt, Napoleon I of France Battle of Abukir (1799)|defeats 10,000 Ottoman Empire|Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.

1814 - [[War of 1812]] -Battle of Lundy's Lane: Reinforcements arrive near Niagara Falls, Ontario|Niagara Falls for General Riall's British and Canadian forces and a bloody, all-night battle with Jacob Brown's Americans commences at 18.00; the Americans retreat to Fort Erie, Ontario|Fort Erie.

1824 - [[Costa Rica]] -annexes Guanacaste Province|Guanacaste from Nicaragua.

1837 - [[electrical telegraph]] -is successfully demonstrated by William Fothergill Cooke|William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone on July 25, 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London.

1853 - [[Joaquin Murrieta]] -the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.

1861 - [[American Civil War]] -The United States Congress passes the Crittenden–Johnson Resolution, stating that the war is being fought to preserve the Union (American Civil War)|Union and not to end Slavery in the United States|slavery.

1866 - [[Military rank|rank]] -of General of the Army (United States)|General of the Army. Lieutenant general (United States)|Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to be promoted to this rank.

1868 - [[Wyoming]] -becomes a Territories of the United States|United States territory.

1869 - [[daimyo]] -begin returning their land holdings to the Emperor of Japan|emperor as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese calendar|Japanese Date: June 17, 1869).

1893 - [[Corinth Canal]] -in the Gulf of Corinth, Greece is used for the first time.

1894 - [[First Sino-Japanese War]] -begins when the Japanese fire upon a Chinese warship.

1898 - [[Puerto Rican Campaign|United States invasion]] -of Puerto Rico begins with U.S. troops led by General Nelson A. Miles|Nelson Miles landing at harbor of Guánica, Puerto Rico.

1908 - [[Ajinomoto]] -is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the University of Tokyo|Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in kombu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), and patents a process for manufacturing it.

1909 - [[Louis Blériot]] -makes the first flight across the English Channel in a Blériot XI|heavier-than-air machine from (Calais to Dover|Dover, England, United Kingdom) in 37 minutes.

1915 - [[Royal Flying Corps|RFC]] -Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British military aviator to earn the Victoria Cross, for defeating three Luftstreitkräfte|German two-seat observation aircraft in one day, over the Western Front (World War I)|Western Front.

1917 - [[Robert Borden]] -introduces the first Income taxes in Canada|income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

1920 - [[Damascus]] -

1925 - [[Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union]] -(TASS) is established.

1934 - [[Nazi Germany|Nazis]] -assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.

1940 - [[Henri Guisan]] -orders the Military of Switzerland|Swiss Army to resist German invasion and makes surrender illegal.

1942 - [[Nazism|Nazis]] -

1943 - [[World War II]] -Benito Mussolini 25 Luglio|is forced out of office by his own Italian Grand Council and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.

1944 - [[Operation Spring]] -One of the bloodiest days for the First Canadian Army during the war: One thousand five hundred casualties, including 500 killed.

1946 - [[Operation Crossroads]] -An Nuclear weapon|atomic bomb is detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll.

1946 - [[Atlantic City, New Jersey]] -Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.

1952 - [[Puerto Rico]] -adopts a constitution.

1956 - [[Nantucket|Nantucket Island]] -the Italian ocean liner {{SS|Andrea Doria}} collides with the MS Athena|MS ''Stockholm'' in heavy fog and sinks the next day, killing 51.

1957 - [[Tunisia]] -is proclaimed.

1958 - [[African Regroupment Party]] -(PRA) holds its first congress in Cotonou.

1959 - [[SR.N1]] -hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais|Calais, France to Dover, England in just over two hours.

1959 - [[Lloyd J. Old]] -introduced BCG, a tuberculosis vaccine, into experimental cancer research as a way to stimulate non-specific resistance to tumor growth. BCG was FDA-approved in 1991 and is now widely used as a first line treatment for superficial bladder cancer.

1961 - [[John F. Kennedy]] -emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.

1965 - [[Bob Dylan]] -goes Electric Dylan controversy|electric as he plugs in at the Newport Folk Festival, signaling a major change in folk and rock music.

1969 - [[Vietnam War]] -President of the United States|U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the "Vietnamization" of the war.

1973 - [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] -''Mars program|Mars 5'' space probe is launched.

1976 - [[Viking program]] -''Viking 1'' takes the famous Cydonia (region of Mars)|Face on Mars photo.

1978 - [[Puerto Rico]] -police assassinate two nationalists in the Cerro Maravilla murders.

1978 - [[Louise Brown]] -the world's first "In vitro fertilisation|test tube baby" is born.

1979 - [[Sinai Peninsula]] -is peacefully returned by Israel to Egypt.

1983 - [[Black July]] -Thirty-seven Sri Lankan Tamil people|Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are Welikada prison massacre|massacred by the fellow Sinhalese people|Sinhalese prisoners.

1984 - [[Salyut 7]] -' Astronaut|cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a Extra-vehicular activity|space walk.

1993 - [[Lebanon]] -in what the Israelis call Operation Accountability, and the Lebanese call the Seven-Day War.

1993 - [[Saint James Church massacre]] -occurs in Kenilworth, Cape Town, South Africa.

1994 - [[Jordan]] -sign the Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace|Washington Declaration, that formally ends the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948.

1995 - [[1995 Paris Metro bombings|explodes]] -in ''Saint Michel'' station of line B of the Réseau Express Régional|RER (Paris regional train network). Eight are killed and 80 wounded.

1996 - [[1996 Burundian coup d'état|military coup in Burundi]] -Pierre Buyoya deposes Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.

2000 - [[Concorde]] -Air France Flight 4590 crashes at Charles de Gaulle Airport|Paris Charles de Gaulle airport, killing 113 passengers.

2002 - [[A.P.J. Abdul Kalam]] -became the 11th president of India.

2007 - [[Pratibha Patil]] -is sworn in as India's first female president.

2010 - [[WikiLeaks]] -publishes Afghan War documents leak|classified documents about the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks in U.S. military history.

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