This Day in History
Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
37 - [[Roman emperor]] -Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.
193 - [[Pertinax]] -is assassination|assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
364 - [[Valentinian I]] -appoints his brother Valens|Flavius Valens co-emperor.
845 - [[Viking]] -raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
1566 - [[Valletta]] -Malta's capital city, is laid by Jean Parisot de Valette, List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller|Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
1776 - [[Juan Bautista de Anza]] -finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
1794 - [[Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld]] -defeat French forces at Le Cateau-Cambrésis|Le Cateau.
1795 - [[Partitions of Poland]] -The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, a northern fief of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
1802 - [[Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers]] -discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.
1809 - [[Peninsular War]] -France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medellín.
1814 - [[War of 1812]] -The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom defeats the United States Navy in the Battle of Valparaiso, Chile.
1854 - [[Crimean War]] -France and Britain declare war on Russia.
1860 - [[First Taranaki War]] -The Battle of Waireka begins.
1862 - [[American Civil War]] -Battle of Glorieta Pass
1871 - [[Paris Commune]] -is formally established in Paris.
1883 - [[Tonkin Campaign]] -French victory in the Battle of Gia Cuc.
1889 - [[Yngsjö murder]] -in Yngsjö, Sweden: Anna Månsdotter is arrested along with her son.
1910 - [[Henri Fabre]] -becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.
1913 - [[Guatemala]] -becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention|Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1920 - [[Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920]] -affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
1930 - [[Turkey]] -s Postal Service Law rejects delivery of mail addressed Constantinople and Ankara|Angora, making the Turkish names Istanbul and Ankara obligatory.
1933 - [[Imperial Airways]] -biplane ''City of Liverpool'' is believed to be the first airline lost to sabotage when a passenger 1933 Imperial Airways Diksmuide crash|sets a fire on board.
1939 - [[Spanish Civil War]] -Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid after Siege of Madrid|a three-year siege.
1941 - [[World War II]] -Battle of Cape Matapan
1942 - [[St Nazaire Raid]] -In occupied France, British naval forces successfully St Nazaire Raid|raid the German-occupied port of Saint-Nazaire.
1946 - [[Cold War]] -The United States State Department releases the Acheson–Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
1951 - [[First Indochina War]] -In the Battle of Mạo Khê, French Union forces, led by World War II hero Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, inflict a defeat on Việt Minh forces commanded by General Võ Nguyên Giáp.
1959 - [[State Council of the People's Republic of China]] -History of Tibet (1950–present)#1959–1976:_Uprising_and_upheaval|dissolves the government of Tibet.
1968 - [[Edson Luís de Lima Souto]] -is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship.
1969 - [[Nobel Prize]] -laureate Giorgos Seferis makes a famous statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
1970 - [[1970 Gediz earthquake|Gediz earthquake]] -A 7.2 Moment magnitude scale|magnitude earthquake strikes western Turkey at about 23:05 local time, killed 1,086 and injured 1,260.
1978 - [[Supreme Court of the United States|US Supreme Court]] -hands down 5–3 decision in ''Stump v. Sparkman'', 435 U.S. 349, a controversial case involving involuntary Human sterilization|sterilization and judicial immunity.
1979 - [[Three Mile Island]] -s Unit 2 nuclear reactor outside Harrisburg, Pennsylvania leads to the Three Mile Island accident|core overheating and a partial meltdown.
1979 - [[House of Commons of the United Kingdom|British House of Commons]] -passes a 1979 vote of no confidence against the government of James Callaghan|vote of no confidence against James Callaghan's government, precipitating a United Kingdom general election, 1979|general election.
1990 - [[President of the United States|President]] -George H. W. Bush posthumously awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
1994 - [[Zulus]] -and African National Congress supporters battle in central Johannesburg, resulting in 18 deaths.
1994 - [[BBC Radio 5 (former)|BBC Radio 5]] -is closed and replaced with a new news and sport station BBC Radio 5 Live.
1999 - [[Kosovo War]] -Serb paramilitary and military forces kill 146 Kosovo Albanians in the Izbica massacre.
2000 - [[Murray County, Georgia]] -school bus is hit by a CSX freight train.
2003 - [[friendly fire]] -incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard's 190th Fighter Squadron 190th Fighter Squadron, Blues and Royals friendly fire incident|attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.
2005 - [[2005 Sumatra earthquake]] -rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the fourth strongest earthquake since 1965.
2006 - [[First Employment Contract]] -law.