This Day in History
Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
335 - [[Dalmatius|Flavius Dalmatius]] -is raised to the rank of Caesar (title)|Caesar by his uncle, emperor Constantine the Great|Constantine I.
634 - [[Siege of Damascus (634)|Siege of Damascus]] -The Rashidun Army|Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.
1356 - [[Battle of Poitiers]] -An English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II of France|John II.
1676 - [[Jamestown, Virginia|Jamestown]] -is burned to the ground by the forces of Nathaniel Bacon (colonist)|Nathaniel Bacon during Bacon's Rebellion.
1692 - [[Giles Corey]] -is Pressing (execution)|pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
1777 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the Battles of Saratoga|First Battle of Saratoga.
1778 - [[Continental Congress]] -passes the first United States federal budget.
1796 - [[George Washington's Farewell Address]] -is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
1799 - [[French Revolutionary Wars]] -French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen (1799)|Battle of Bergen.
1846 - [[Mélanie Calvat]] -and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, Isère|La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette.
1862 - [[American Civil War]] -Battle of Iuka: Union (American Civil War)|Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate States of America|Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
1863 - [[Battle of Chickamauga]] -in northwestern Georgia, the bloodiest two-day battle of the conflict, and the only significant Confederate victory in the war's Western Theater of the American Civil War|Western Theater.
1864 - [[Battle of Opequon|Third Battle of Winchester]] -Union (American Civil War)|Union troops under General Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate States of America|Confederate force commanded by General Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley and was not only militarily decisive in that region of Virginia but also played a role in securing Abraham Lincoln's United States presidential election, 1864|election in 1864.
1868 - [[Glorious Revolution (Spain)|La Gloriosa]] -
1870 - [[Franco-Prussian War]] -The Siege of Paris (1870–71)|Siege of Paris begins, which will result on January 28, 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Kingdom of Prussia|Prussian victory.
1870 - [[Papal States]] -a week earlier, the Italian Army lays siege to Rome, entering the city the next day, after which the Pope described himself as a Prisoner in the Vatican.
1879 - [[Blackpool Illuminations]] -are switched on for the first time.
1881 - [[James A. Garfield]] -dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting. Vice President Chester A. Arthur, becomes President upon Garfield's death.
1893 - [[Women's suffrage]] -In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
1916 - [[East African Campaign of World War I]] -colonial armed forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of Charles Tombeur|General Charles Tombeur captured the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.
1934 - [[Bruno Hauptmann]] -is arrested for the Lindbergh kidnapping|kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr..
1939 - [[World War II]] -The Battle of Kępa Oksywska concludes, with Polish losses reaching roughly 14% of all the forces engaged.
1940 - [[Witold Pilecki]] -is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a Jewish resistance under Nazi rule#In concentration camps|resistance.
1944 - [[Moscow Armistice|Armistice]] -between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).
1944 - [[Battle of Hürtgen Forest]] -between United States and Nazi Germany begins.
1945 - [[Lord Haw-Haw]] -(William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London.
1946 - [[Council of Europe]] -is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
1952 - [[Charlie Chaplin]] -from re-entering the country after a trip to England.
1957 - [[Nuclear testing|nuclear bomb test]] -(part of Operation Plumbbob).
1959 - [[Nikita Khrushchev]] -is barred from visiting Disneyland due to security concerns.
1970 - [[Glastonbury Festival]] -is held at Michael Eavis's farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom.
1970 - [[Kostas Georgakis]] -a Greek student of geology, sets himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the Greek military junta of 1967–1974|dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos.
1971 - [[Montagnard (Vietnam)|Montagnard]] -ARVN|troops of South Vietnam revolt against the rule of Nguyễn Khánh, killing 70 Vietnamese people|ethnic Vietnamese soldiers.
1972 - [[parcel bomb]] -sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
1973 - [[Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden]] -has his investiture.
1976 - [[Turkish Airlines Flight 452]] -hits the Taurus Mountains, outskirt of Karatepe, Osmaniye, Turkey, killing all 154 passengers and crew.
1976 - [[Imperial Iranian Air Force]] -F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to 1976 Tehran UFO incident|investigate an unidentified flying object when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.
1978 - [[Solomon Islands]] -join the United Nations.
1981 - [[Simon & Garfunkel]] -reunite for a free concert in New York's Central Park.
1982 - [[Scott Fahlman]] -posts the first documented emoticons :-) and :-( on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System.
1983 - [[Saint Kitts and Nevis]] -gains its independence.
1985 - [[1985 Mexico City earthquake|A strong earthquake]] -kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
1985 - [[Tipper Gore]] -and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at United States Congress|U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
1989 - [[terrorist]] -bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.
1991 - [[Ötzi the Iceman]] -is discovered by German tourists.
1995 - [[Washington Post]] -' and ''The New York Times'' publish the Unabomber's manifesto.
1997 - [[Guelb El-Kebir massacre]] -in Algeria where 53 people are killed.
2006 - [[Thailand|Thai]] -military 2006 Thai coup d'état|stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution of Thailand|Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.
2010 - [[Deepwater Horizon oil spill|''Deepwater Horizon'' oil spill]] -is sealed.
2011 - [[Mariano Rivera]] -of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball's all time Save (baseball)|saves leader with 602.