This Day in History

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Day History: December-4

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

771 - [[Austrasia]] -king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Francia|Frankish Kingdom.

1110 - [[Kingdom of Jerusalem]] -captures Siege of Sidon|Sidon.

1259 - [[Louis IX of France]] -and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris (1259)|Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.

1563 - [[Council of Trent]] -is held. (It had opened on December 13, 1545.)

1619 - [[colony|colonists]] -arrive at Berkeley Hundred, Colony of Virginia|Virginia. The group's charter proclaims that the day "be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God."

1674 - [[Jacques Marquette]] -founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek. (The mission would later grow into the city of Chicago.)

1676 - [[Battle of Lund]] -A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark|Christian V engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.

1745 - [[Charles Edward Stuart]] -s army reaches Derby, its furthest point during the Jacobite rising of 1745|Second Jacobite Rising.

1783 - [[Fraunces Tavern]] -in New York City, U.S. General George Washington Fraunces Tavern#Washington's farewell to his officers|bids farewell to his officers.

1786 - [[Mission Santa Barbara]] -is dedicated (on the feast day of Saint Barbara).

1791 - [[The Observer]] -', the world's first Sunday newspaper, is published.

1829 - [[Governor-General of India|Governor-General]] -Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that anyone who abets ''suttee'' in Bengal Presidency|Bengal is guilty of culpable homicide.

1864 - [[American Civil War]] -Sherman's March to the Sea

1867 - [[Minnesota]] -farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry|the Grange).

1872 - null 872-T-e crewless American ship {{ship||Mary Celeste}} is found by the British brig ''Dei Gratia''. The ship had been abandoned for nine days but was only slightly damaged.

1875 - [[Boss Tweed]] -escapes from prison. He will later be recaptured in Spain.

1881 - [[Los Angeles Times]] -' is published.

1893 - [[First Matabele War]] -A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is Shangani Patrol|ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Northern Ndebele people|Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland.

1909 - [[Canadian football]] -the 1st Grey Cup|First Grey Cup game is played. The University of Toronto Toronto Varsity Blues|Varsity Blues defeat the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club, 26–6.

1909 - [[Montreal Canadiens]] -ice hockey club, the oldest surviving professional hockey franchise in the world, is founded as a charter member of the National Hockey Association.

1918 - [[Woodrow Wilson]] -sails for the World War I peace talks in Palace of Versailles|Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.

1921 - [[Virginia Rappe]] -manslaughter trial against Roscoe Arbuckle|Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.

1937 - [[The Dandy]] -' is published.

1939 - [[World War II]] -{{HMS|Nelson|28|6}} is struck by a naval mine|mine (laid by {{GS|U-31|1936|2}}) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.

1942 - [[Carlson's patrol]] -during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.

1943 - [[Kingdom of Yugoslavia|Yugoslavia]] -resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.

1943 - [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]] -closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.

1945 - [[United States Senate]] -approves United States participation in the United Nations. (The UN had been established on October 24, 1945.)

1954 - [[Burger King]] -is opened in Miami.

1956 - [[Million Dollar Quartet]] -(Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together at Sun Studio for the first and last time.

1967 - [[Vietnam War]] -U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.

1969 - [[Black Panther Party]] -members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark (Black Panther)|Mark Clark are shot and killed in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.

1971 - [[United Nations Security Council]] -calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.

1971 - [[Indian Navy]] -attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.

1971 - [[Montreux Casino]] -in Switzerland is set ablaze by someone wielding a flare gun during a Frank Zappa concert; the incident would be noted in the Deep Purple song "Smoke on the Water".

1971 - [[The Troubles]] -: The Ulster Volunteer Force McGurk's Bar bombing|bombs a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing 15 civilians and wounding 17. It was the city's highest death toll from a single incident during the conflict.

1975 - [[Suriname]] -joins the United Nations.

1977 - [[Jean-Bédel Bokassa]] -president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.

1977 - [[Malaysian Airline System Flight 653]] -is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.

1978 - [[George Moscone]] -Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor. (She will serve until January 8, 1988.)

1979 - [[Kingston upon Hull|Hull]] -kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee.

1980 - [[Led Zeppelin]] -officially disbands, following the death of drummer John Bonham on September 25.

1981 - [[Ciskei]] -"homeland" (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).

1982 - [[constitution of the People's Republic of China|constitution]] -

1984 - [[Sri Lankan Civil War]] -Sri Lankan Army soldiers 1984 Mannar massacre|kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar, Sri Lanka|Mannar.

1984 - [[Hezbollah]] -militants Aircraft hijacking|hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.

1991 - [[Terry A. Anderson]] -is released after seven years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He is the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.

1991 - [[Pan American World Airways]] -Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport, ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.

1992 - [[Somali Civil War]] -President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia in Horn of Africa|Northeast Africa.

1993 - [[Angola]] -and UNITA rebels.

1998 - [[Unity Module]] -', the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

2005 - [[December 2005 protest for democracy in Hong Kong|protest for democracy]] -and call on the Hong Kong Government|government to allow universal suffrage|universal and equal suffrage.

2006 - [[Jena Six|Six black youths]] -assault a white teenager in Jena, Louisiana.

2013 - [[Xavier Bettel]] -becomes Luxembourg's first openly gay Prime Minister.

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