This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Events History

371 - [[Battle of Leuctra]] -where Epaminondas defeated Cleombrotus I, takes place

640 - [[Battle of Heliopolis]] -The Muslim Arab army under 'Amr ibn al-'As defeat the Byzantine Empire|Byzantine forces near Heliopolis (Ancient Egypt)|Heliopolis (Diocese of Egypt (Late Antiquity)|Egypt).

1044 - [[Battle of Ménfő]] -between troops led by Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor|Emperor Henry III and Hungarians|Magyar forces led by Samuel Aba, King of Hungary, takes place.

1189 - [[Richard I of England|Richard I "the Lionheart"]] -accedes to the English throne.

1253 - [[Mindaugas]] -is crowned King of Lithuania.

1348 - [[Pope Clement VI]] -issues a papal bull Antisemitism#Persecutions in the Middle Ages|protecting the Jews in the Middle Ages#Black Death|Jews accused of having caused the Black Death.

1411 - [[Ming dynasty|Ming China]] -s Admiral Zheng He returns to Nanjing after the Treasure voyages#Third voyage|third treasure voyage and presents the Sinhala people|Sinhalese king, captured during the Ming–Kotte War, to the Yongle Emperor.

1415 - [[Jan Hus]] -is condemned as a heretic and then burned at the stake.

1483 - [[Richard III of England|Richard III]] -is crowned King of England.

1484 - [[Diogo Cão]] -finds the mouth of the Congo River.

1495 - [[First Italian War]] -Battle of Fornovo: Charles VIII of France|Charles VIII defeats the Italian War of 1494–98|Holy League.

1535 - [[Thomas More]] -is executed for treason against King Henry VIII of England.

1557 - [[Philip II of Spain|King Philip II of Spain]] -consort of Mary I of England|Queen Mary I of England, sets out from Dover to war with France, which eventually resulted in the loss of the City of Calais, the last Countries of the United Kingdom|English possession on the continent, and Mary I never seeing her husband again.

1560 - [[Treaty of Edinburgh]] -is signed by Scotland and England.

1573 - [[Córdoba, Argentina]] -is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.

1573 - [[French Wars of Religion]] -Siege of La Rochelle (1572–73)|Siege of La Rochelle ends.

1614 - [[Żejtun]] -and the surrounding villages Raid of Żejtun|suffer a raid from Ottoman Empire|Ottoman forces. This was the last unsuccessful attempt by the Ottomans to conquer the island of Malta.

1630 - [[Thirty Years' War]] -Four thousand Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden|Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany.

1685 - [[Battle of Sedgemoor]] -Last battle of the Monmouth Rebellion. troops of King James II defeat troops of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth.

1751 - [[Pope Benedict XIV]] -suppresses the Patriarchate of Aquileia and establishes from its territory the Archdiocese of Udine and Gorizia.

1777 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -Siege of Fort Ticonderoga (1777)|Siege of Fort Ticonderoga: After a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, United States|American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.

1779 - [[Battle of Grenada]] -The French defeat British naval forces during the American Revolutionary War.

1801 - [[First Battle of Algeciras]] -Outnumbered French Navy ships defeat the Royal Navy in the fortified Spanish port of Algeciras.

1809 - [[Battle of Wagram]] -France defeats the Austrian army in the largest battle to date of the Napoleonic Wars.

1854 - [[Jackson, Michigan]] -the first convention of the United States Republican Party is held.

1865 - [[The Nation]] -' magazine is published.

1885 - [[Louis Pasteur]] -successfully tests his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.

1887 - [[David Kalākaua]] -monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, is forced at gunpoint by Americans to sign the Bayonet Constitution giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping native Hawaiians|Hawaiian citizens of their rights.

1892 - [[Dadabhai Naoroji]] -is elected as the first Indian British House of Commons|Member of Parliament in Britain.

1892 - [[strike action|striking]] -steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton National Detective Agency|Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving ten dead and dozens wounded.

1917 - [[World War I]] -Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Auda ibu Tayi capture Battle of Aqaba|Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt.

1919 - [[R34 (airship)|dirigible R34]] -lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.

1933 - [[Major League Baseball All-Star Game]] -is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeated the National League 4–2.

1936 - [[Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal]] -in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading {{convert|200|ft|m}} into the River Irwell.

1937 - [[Spanish Civil War]] -Battle of Brunete: The battle begins with Spanish Republican troops going on the offensive against the Nationalists to relieve pressure on Madrid.

1939 - [[The Holocaust|Holocaust]] -The last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany are closed.

1940 - [[Story Bridge]] -a major landmark in Brisbane, as well as Australia's longest cantilever bridge is formally opened.

1941 - [[Nazi Germany]] -launches its Battle of Smolensk (1941)|offensive to encircle several Soviet armies near Smolensk.

1942 - [[Anne Frank]] -and her family go into hiding in the "Anne Frank House|Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.

1944 - [[Jackie Robinson]] -refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court-martial.

1944 - [[Hartford circus fire]] -one of America's worst list of fires|fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut.

1947 - [[AK-47]] -goes into production in the Soviet Union.

1957 - [[Althea Gibson]] -wins the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so.

1957 - [[John Lennon]] -and Paul McCartney meet for the first time, as teenagers at Woolton Fete, three years before forming the Beatles.

1962 - [[Operation Plowshare]] -the Sedan (nuclear test)|Sedan nuclear test takes place.

1962 - [[The Late Late Show]] -', the world's longest-running Talk show|chat show by the same broadcaster, airs on RTÉ One for the first time.

1964 - [[Malawi]] -declares its independence from the United Kingdom.

1966 - [[republic]] -with Hastings Banda as its first President of Malawi|President.

1967 - [[Nigerian Civil War]] -Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.

1975 - [[Comoros]] -declares independence from France.

1986 - [[Davis Phinney]] -becomes the first American cyclist to win a road stage of the Tour de France.

1988 - [[Piper Alpha]] -drilling platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires. One hundred sixty-seven oil workers are killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster in terms of direct loss of life.

1989 - [[Tel Aviv–Jerusalem bus 405 suicide attack]] -Fourteen bus passengers are killed when an Arab assaulted the bus driver as the bus was driving by the edge of a cliff.

1995 - [[Bosnian War]] -under the command of General Ratko Mladić, Serbia begins its attack on the Bosnian town of Srebrenica, Srebrenica massacre|and kills more than 8000 Bosniaks, in what then- UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali called "the worst crime on European soil since the Second World War".

1997 - [[The Troubles]] -In response to the Drumcree conflict|Drumcree dispute, five days of 1997 nationalist riots in Northern Ireland|mass protests, riots and gun battles begin in Irish nationalist districts of Northern Ireland.

1999 - [[Barry Winchell]] -dies from baseball-bat injuries inflicted on him in his sleep the previous day by a fellow soldier, Calvin Glover, for his relationship with transgender showgirl and former Navy Corpsman Calpernia Addams.

2003 - [[Yevpatoria]] -Planetary Radar sends a Message to Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence|METI message (Cosmic Call 2) to five stars: Cassiopeia (constellation)|Hip 4872, Orion (constellation)|HD 245409, 55 Cancri (HD 75732), HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris (HD 95128). The messages will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively.

2006 - [[Nathu La]] -pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.

2013 - [[Yobe State school shooting|shooting]] -at a school in Yobe State, Nigeria.

2013 - [[Boeing 777]] -operating as Asiana Airlines Asiana Airlines Flight 214|Flight 214 crashes at San Francisco International Airport, killing three and injuring 181 of the 307 people on board.

2013 - [[Lac-Mégantic derailment|derails]] -in the town of Lac-Mégantic, Quebec and explodes into flames, killing at least 47 people and destroying more than 30 buildings in the town's central area.

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