This Day in History

Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.

Day History: January-21

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

763 - [[Battle of Bakhamra]] -between Alids and Abbasids near Kufa ends in a decisive Abbasid victory.

1525 - [[Switzerland|Swiss]] -Anabaptist Movement is founded when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.

1535 - [[Affair of the Placards]] -French Protestants are burned at the stake in front of the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris

1720 - [[Kingdom of Prussia|Prussia]] -sign the Treaty of Stockholm (Great Northern War)|Treaty of Stockholm.

1749 - [[Teatro Filarmonico]] -in Verona is destroyed by fire. It is rebuilt in 1754.

1774 - [[Abdul Hamid I]] -became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.

1789 - [[The Power of Sympathy|''The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth'']] -is printed in Boston.

1793 - [[National Convention]] -Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine.

1840 - [[Jules Dumont d'Urville]] -discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica.

1861 - [[American Civil War]] -Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate.

1864 - [[Tauranga Campaign]] -begins during the New Zealand Wars.

1887 - [[Brisbane]] -a record for any Australian capital city.

1893 - [[Tati Concessions Land]] -formerly part of Matabeleland, is formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana.

1899 - [[Opel]] -manufactures its first automobile.

1908 - [[Sullivan Ordinance]] -making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor.

1911 - [[Monte Carlo Rally]] -takes place.

1915 - [[Kiwanis International]] -is founded in Detroit.

1919 - [[Dáil Éireann]] -in the Mansion House, Dublin|Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.

1925 - [[Albania]] -declares itself a republic.

1931 - [[Isaac Isaacs]] -is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.

1941 - [[Bucharest]] -Romania, the day before, members of the Iron Guard engaged in a Legionnaires' rebellion and Bucharest pogrom|rebellion and pogrom killing 125 Jews.

1948 - [[Flag of Quebec]] -is adopted and flown for the first time over the National Assembly of Quebec. The day is marked annually as Québec Flag Day.

1950 - [[Alger Hiss]] -is convicted of perjury.

1954 - [[nuclear marine propulsion|nuclear-powered]] -submarine, the {{USS|Nautilus|SSN-571|6}}, is ceremonial ship launching|launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States.

1958 - [[Fokker C.X]] -in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashes, killing the pilot and winch-operator.

1960 - [[Little Joe 1B]] -a Project Mercury|Mercury spacecraft, lifts off from Wallops Island, Virginia with Miss Sam, a female rhesus macaque|rhesus monkey on board.

1960 - [[Avianca Flight 671]] -crashes and burns upon landing at Montego Bay, Jamaica, killing 37. It is the worst air disaster in Jamaica's history and the first for Avianca.

1961 - [[Coalbrook, Free State]] -collapses.

1968 - [[Vietnam War]] -Battle of Khe Sanh

1968 - [[B-52]] -bomber 1968 Thule Air Base B-52 crash|crashes near Thule Air Base, contaminating the area after its nuclear payload ruptures. One of the four bombs remains unaccounted for after the cleanup operation is complete.

1971 - [[Emley Moor transmitting station]] -the tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, begins transmitting UHF broadcasts.

1976 - [[Concorde]] -' begins with the Concorde#Scheduled flights|London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.

1977 - [[Jimmy Carter]] -pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.

1981 - [[DeLorean DMC-12]] -sports car begins in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland.

1997 - [[U.S. House of Representatives]] -votes 395–28 to reprimand Newt Gingrich for ethics violations, making him the first Speaker of the House to be so disciplined.

1999 - [[War on Drugs]] -In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over {{convert|4300|kg|lb}} of cocaine on board.

2000 - [[Ecuador]] -After the Ecuadorian Congress is seized by indigenous organizations, Col. Lucio Gutiérrez, Carlos Solorzano and Antonio Vargas depose President Jamil Mahuad. Gutierrez is later replaced by Gen. Carlos Mendoza, who resigns and allows Vice-President Gustavo Noboa to succeed Mahuad.

2003 - [[2003 Colima earthquake|earthquake]] -strikes the Mexican state of Colima, killing 29 and leaving approximately 10,000 people homeless.

2004 - [[NASA]] -s MER-A (the Mars Rover ''Spirit'') ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies in the management of its flash memory and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.

2005 - [[Belmopan]] -Belize, the Unrest in Belize in 2005|unrest over the government's new taxes erupts into riots.

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