This Day in History

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Day History: April-19

Events HistoryFamous BirthdaysHistory of Deaths

Events History

65 - [[freedman]] -Milichus betrayed Pisonian conspiracy|Piso's plot to kill the Roman emperor|Emperor Nero and all the List of conspiracies (political)|conspirators are arrested.

531 - [[Battle of Callinicum]] -A Byzantine Empire|Byzantine army under Belisarius is defeated by the Sasanian Empire|Persians at Ar-Raqqah (northern Syria).

797 - [[Irene of Athens|Irene]] -organizes a conspiracy against her son, the Byzantine Empire|Byzantine emperor Constantine VI. He is deposed and Political mutilation in Byzantine culture|blinded. Shortly after Constantine dies of his wounds, and Irene proclaims herself ''basileus''.

1012 - [[Martyrdom]] -of Ælfheah of Canterbury|Ælfheah in Greenwich, England.

1529 - [[Protestant Reformation]] -After the Second Diet of Speyer bans Lutheranism, a group of rulers (''German:'' Fürst) and Free imperial city|independent cities Protestation at Speyer|protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms.

1539 - [[Treaty of Frankfurt (1539)|Treaty of Frankfurt]] -

1608 - [[O'Doherty's Rebellion]] -is launched by the Burning of Derry

1677 - [[Siege of Cambrai (1677)|captures the town of Cambrai]] -held by Spanish troops.

1713 - [[Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor]] -issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Habsburg Monarchy|Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa (not actually born until 1717).

1770 - [[James Cook]] -still holding the rank of lieutenant, sights the eastern coast of what is now Australia.

1770 - [[Marie Antoinette]] -marries Louis XVI of France in a proxy marriage|proxy wedding.

1775 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord.

1782 - [[John Adams]] -secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first Diplomatic missions of the United States|American embassy.

1809 - [[Duchy of Warsaw]] -in the Battle of Raszyn (1809)|Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout at the Battle of Teugen-Hausen in Bavaria, part of a four-day campaign that ended in a French victory.

1810 - [[Venezuela]] -achieves home rule: Vicente Emparán, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a :wiktionary:junta|junta is installed.

1839 - [[Treaty of London (1839)|Treaty of London]] -establishes Belgium as a kingdom and guaranteeing its neutrality.

1855 - [[Napoleon III]] -to Guildhall, London

1861 - [[American Civil War]] -Baltimore riot of 1861: A pro-Secession in the United States#Confederate States of America|Secession mob in Baltimore, attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.

1865 - [[Funeral and burial of Abraham Lincoln|Funeral service for Abraham Lincoln]] -is held in the East Room of the White House.

1892 - [[Charles Duryea]] -claims to have driven the first automobile in the United States, in Springfield, Massachusetts.

1897 - [[Léo Taxil]] -exposes his own Taxil hoax|fabrications concerning Freemasonry

1903 - [[Kishinev pogrom]] -in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Ottoman Palestine|Palestine and the Western world.

1919 - [[Leslie Irvin (parachutist)|Leslie Irvin]] -of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute.

1927 - [[Mae West]] -is sentenced to ten days in jail for obscenity for her play ''Sex (play)|Sex''.

1928 - [[Oxford English Dictionary]] -' is published.

1942 - [[World War II]] -In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin Ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.

1943 - [[Albert Hofmann]] -deliberately takes LSD for the first time.

1943 - [[Warsaw Ghetto Uprising]] -begins, after Nazi Germany|German troops enter the Warsaw Ghetto to round up the remaining Jews.

1948 - [[Burma]] -joins the United Nations.

1950 - [[Argentina]] -becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention|Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1951 - [[Douglas MacArthur]] -retires from the military.

1954 - [[Constituent Assembly of Pakistan]] -recognises Urdu and Bengali language|Bengali as the national languages of Pakistan.

1956 - [[Grace Kelly]] -marries Rainier III, Prince of Monaco|Prince Rainier of Monaco.

1960 - [[April Revolution|a nationwide pro-democracy protest]] -against president of South Korea|president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.

1971 - [[Sierra Leone]] -becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the president.

1971 - [[Vietnam War]] -Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin "Operation Dewey Canyon III", a five-day demonstration in Washington, D.C.

1971 - [[Salyut 1]] -the first space station.

1971 - [[Charles Manson]] -is sentenced to death (later commuted life imprisonment) for conspiracy (criminal)|conspiracy to commit the Tate–LaBianca murders.

1973 - [[Socialist Party (Portugal)|Socialist Party]] -is founded in the German town of Bad Münstereifel.

1975 - [[satellite]] -''Aryabhata (satellite)|Aryabhata'', is launched.

1984 - [[Advance Australia Fair]] -' is proclaimed as Australia's national anthem, and green and gold as the National colours of Australia|national colours.

1985 - [[Soviet Union|U.S.S.R]] -performs nuclear weapon|nuclear tests at Eastern Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic|Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk.

1985 - [[Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms|ATF]] -and FBI agents lay siege to the compound of the neo-Nazi survivalist group The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord in Arkansas. The CSA surrenders two days later.

1987 - [[The Simpsons]] -' premieres as a short cartoon on ''The Tracey Ullman Show''.

1989 - [[gun turret]] -USS Iowa turret explosion|explodes on the {{USS|Iowa|BB-61|6}}, killing 47 sailors.

1993 - [[Waco siege|siege]] -of the Branch Davidian building outside Waco, Texas, USA, ends when a fire breaks out. Eighty-one people die.

1993 - [[George Mickelson]] -and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashes in Iowa.

1995 - [[Oklahoma City bombing]] -The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, USA, is bombed, killing 168.

1997 - [[1997 Red River Flood]] -overwhelms the city of Grand Forks, North Dakota. Fire breaks out and spreads in downtown Grand Forks, but high water levels hamper efforts to reach the fire, leading to the destruction of 11 buildings.

1999 - [[Bundestag]] -returns to Berlin, the first German parliamentary body to meet there since the Reichstag (Weimar Republic)|Reichstag was dissolved in 1933.

2000 - [[David Sanes]] -killed in accidental bombing in Vieques, Puerto Rico that resulted in U.S. Navy closing down its bombing range there.

2011 - [[Fidel Castro]] -resigns from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba after 45 years of holding the title.

2013 - [[Boston Marathon bombings]] -suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev is killed in a shootout with police. His brother Dzhokhar Tsarnaev is captured while hiding in a boat inside a backyard in Watertown, Massachusetts.

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