This Day in History
Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
284 - [[Diocletian]] -is chosen as Roman emperor.
762 - [[An Shi Rebellion]] -the Tang dynasty, with the help of Uyghur Khaganate|Huihe tribe, recaptures Luoyang from the rebels.
1194 - [[Palermo]] -is conquered by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
1407 - [[John the Fearless]] -Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
1695 - [[Zumbi]] -the last of the leaders of Palmares (quilombo)|Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed by the forces of Portuguese bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho.
1739 - [[Battle of Porto Bello]] -between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear.
1776 - [[American Revolutionary War]] -British forces land at The Palisades (Hudson River)|the Palisades and then attack Battle of Fort Lee|Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey.
1789 - [[New Jersey]] -becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the United States Bill of Rights|Bill of Rights.
1805 - [[Ludwig van Beethoven|Beethoven's]] -only opera, Fidelio premieres in Vienna.
1820 - [[sperm whale]] -attacks the ''Essex (whaleship)|Essex'' (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. (Herman Melville's 1851 novel ''Moby-Dick'' is in part inspired by this story.)
1845 - [[Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata]] -Battle of Vuelta de Obligado.
1861 - [[American Civil War]] -A secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
1910 - [[Mexican Revolution]] -Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan of San Luis Potosí|Plan de San Luis Potosí, denouncing Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the Federal government of the United Mexican States|government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.
1917 - [[World War I]] -Battle of Cambrai (1917)|Battle of Cambrai begins: British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.
1917 - [[Ukraine]] -is declared a republic.
1936 - [[José Antonio Primo de Rivera]] -founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.
1940 - [[World War II]] -Kingdom of Hungary|Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers#Hungary|Axis powers.
1943 - [[Battle of Tarawa]] -(Operation Galvanic) begins: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
1945 - [[Nuremberg trials]] -Trials against 24 Nazism|Nazi war crime|war criminals start at the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg|Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.
1947 - [[Elizabeth II|The Princess Elizabeth]] -marries Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh|Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.
1952 - [[Slánský trials]] -A series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
1962 - [[Cuban Missile Crisis]] -ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
1969 - [[Vietnam War]] -''The Plain Dealer'' publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam.
1969 - [[Occupation of Alcatraz]] -Native American activists seize control of Alcatraz Island until being ousted by the U.S. Government on June 11, 1971.
1974 - [[United States Department of Justice]] -files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.
1977 - [[Egypt]] -an President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1979 - [[Grand Mosque Seizure]] -About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from Pakistani special forces to put down the uprising.
1980 - [[Lake Peigneur]] -drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole.
1982 - [[General Union of Ecuadorian Workers]] -(UGTE) is founded.
1985 - [[Microsoft]] -Windows 1.0 is released.
1989 - [[Velvet Revolution]] -The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
1991 - [[Azerbaijan]] -Mil Mi-8|MI-8 helicopter carrying 19 peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is 1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown|shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend District of Azerbaijan.
1992 - [[1992 Windsor Castle fire|a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle]] -badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage.
1993 - [[Savings and loan crisis]] -The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
1994 - [[Angola]] -government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war. (Localized fighting resumes the next year.)
1998 - [[Taliban]] -controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
1998 - [[International Space Station]] -Zarya, is launched.
2001 - [[George W. Bush]] -dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.
2003 - [[November 15]] -bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank (Turkey)|HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
2008 - [[Financial crisis of 2007–08|critical failures in the US financial system]] -began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.